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Skanör-Falsterbo

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Skanör-Falsterbo

Skanör med Falsterbo

Old part of Falsterbo

Coat of arms
Skanör med Falsterbo
Skanör med Falsterbo

Coordinates: 55°24′N 12°51′E / 55.400°N 12.850°E / 55.400; 12.850Coordinates: 55°24′N 12°51′E / 55.400°N 12.850°E / 55.400; 12.850

Country Sweden
Province Scania
County Skåne County
Municipality Vellinge Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 6,937
 • Density 1,280/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)


Skanör med Falsterbo is a statistical locality (Swedish tätort, locality code 3672), situated in Vellinge Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden with 6,937 inhabitants in 2010.[1] It consists of the two old towns of Skanör and Falsterbo which have grown together, but are still regarded as different communities by locals. The preposition med means with.

Background

It is a conurbation consisting of the two medieval towns of Skanör and Falsterbo. Both towns are located on the elongated reef-like western part of the Falsterbo Peninsula, (Falsterbonäset), Falsterbo to the south and Skanör to the north. The towns are separated by a several kilometers long bank built of earth and seaweed, and have never geographically been considered the same town.

The peninsula forms the southwesternmost tip of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It marks the border between the Baltic Sea and the Øresund, the sound that separates the Danish island Zealand from the southern Swedish province of Scania.

Geography

The locality is situated south of the city of Malmö, with 28 km to Skanör and 30 km to Falsterbo, based on the local distance signs along the motorway. During the 20th century the towns have become affluent suburbs for people working in the Malmö-Lund region, as well as a popular site among older people who have retired from higher positions abroad or in the capital.

The peninsula is divided by the Falsterbo Canal, a waterway at the base of the Falsterbo Peninsula that shortens the route between the Øresund and the Baltic Sea. The canal goes between the bays Höllviken (north) and Kämpingebukten (south).

History

Origin

The origin of Skanör can be traced back to the end of the 12th century and Falsterbo is believed to have arisen shortly before. In around 1220 the Danish king built the Skanör fortress. S:ta Gertrud church in Falsterbo dates back to the 13th century, possibly the 12th. [2]

Growth

During the late middle ages both towns grew in importance and wealth as during late summer and autumn the peninsula was an important centre of trade and herring fishing in the annual Scania Market (Skånemarknaden). The market was held on the beach stretch between Skanör and Falsterbo and was dominated by the north German Hanseatic cities, primarily Lübeck. The Danish king delegated specific areas along the beach to these cities, so called "fit" or "fed", where they had the right to carry out trade during the Scania Market. A large fishing village was located along the beaches of Øresund.

Soon thereafter a castle was raised in Falsterbo. In 1311 the castle was destroyed by the Hanseatic League (specifically the trade towns of Rostock, Wismar and Greifswald) in the war between these and the Danish king Erik Menved. After the war the king raised a new and larger castle in 1318 called Falsterbohus. The old castle in Skanör thus lost its importance thereafter. Olav IV of Norway, son of queen Margaret I of Denmark, died in 1387 in Falsterbohus.

After the herring population declined during the 16th century the Scania Market was dismantled and subsequently the two cities lost their former importance, but retained the town privileges, with joint administration.

Recent history

The two medieval towns Skanör and Falsterbo were in 1754 united economically under the same mayor. Even so, they have geographically never been considered the same town, and they did not grow together until the late 1960s.

Falsterbo and Skanör remained small fishing towns until the rail line from MalmöVellinge was built in 1904. Between 1904 and 1971 Skanör and Falsterbo each had their own train stations. Along the railroad, new residential areas grew up. Due to its small size Skanör and Falsterbo were the last city in Sweden to get a City Council (1934), but it had its own jurisdiction and a City Court (sw. rådhusrätt) up until 1947. It is now a locality within Vellinge Municipality and has no administration of its own. The railroad was eventually closed down in 1971 and dismantled the year after.

Skanör Cement factory

During the first world war a track was laid to the new cement factory located in the Skanör harbour. There are rumours that the cement factory was used as a depot for military equipment in case the war reached Sweden. Others claim that the factory was built under German influence only to serve as a disguise for a giant artillery foundation and that the bricks in the walls were placed upright to save costs. The canon together with its counterpart in Køge in Denmark had as a purpose to guard the Øresund. In any case the cement factory was dismantled a few years thereafter. Of the cement factory only the foundation still exists today.

Notability

Falsterbo is known for the Sweden.

Falsterbo also has an annual horse show (show jumping and dressage), the Falsterbo Horse Show. Skanör hosts the annual, Skanörs sillamarknad.

Gallery

References

External links

  • Falsterbo
  • Vellinge kommun - Kommunfakta
  • Fotevikens Museum
  • Falsterbo – Skånemarknaden
  • Falserbonäset
  • Falsterbohus
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