World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Southern Oregon Coast Range

Article Id: WHEBN0011968381
Reproduction Date:

Title: Southern Oregon Coast Range  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Coos Bay, Oregon, Coquille, Oregon, Drain, Oregon, Pacific Coast Ranges, Coquille River, Cape Blanco (Oregon), Coos River, Rogue Valley, Ash, Oregon, Rogue River – Siskiyou National Forest
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Southern Oregon Coast Range

Template:Infobox mountain range The Southern Oregon Coast Range is the southernmost section of the Oregon Coast Range, in the Pacific Coast Ranges, located in the southwest portion of the state of Oregon, United States, roughly between the Umpqua River and the middle fork of the Coquille River, beyond which are the Klamath Mountains. To the east is the Umpqua Valley and to the west the Pacific Ocean. This approximately 55-mile (89 km)-long mountain range contains mountains as high as 3,547 feet (1,081 m) for Bone Mountain. The mountains are known locally in the Roseburg area as the Callahan Mountains, or simply as The Callahans.[1]


As with the Oregon Coast Range as a whole, the Southern Oregon Coast Range likely began as an ocean island chain that collided with the continental tectonic plate of North America more than 60 million years ago.[2] In the Southern Range the 64 million-year-old Roseburg volcanics that formed this section are the oldest portions of the entire range.[2] The range is part of a forearc basin that has slowly rotated about 51 degrees since the Eocene period.[2] Much of the mountain structures are pillow basalt formations created during the volcanic period and then uplifted with the collision into the continental plate.[2] Other geologic features are mainly the result of erosion and weather forces carving steam beds and valleys out of the rock formations.[2]

Flora and fauna

The Oregon Coast Range is home to over 50 mammals, 100 species of birds, and nearly 30 reptiles or amphibians that spent a significant portion of their life cycle in the mountains.[3] Birds living in the Southern Coast Range include a variety of smaller and larger bird species.[4] These include northern goshawks, peregrine falcons, pileated woodpeckers, olive-sided flycatcher, and western bluebirds.[5] The Northern Spotted Owl, listed as a threatened species by the United States also inhabit the mountain forests.[6] Aquatic life includes river lamprey, Pacific lamprey, coastal cutthroat trout, Millicoma longnose dace, Umpqua chub, red-legged frogs, southern seep salamander, western pond turtles, coho salmon, Chinook salmon, steelhead trout, and others.[5] Other wildlife includes fringed myotis bats, long-legged myotis bats, Townsend’s big-eared bat, fishers, and sharptail snakes, northern flying squirrels, red tree voles, Roosevelt Elk, among others.[5][6][7] Other small animals include shrews, moles, deer mice, and ermine.[8]

Plants include large stands of Douglas-fir trees, western hemlock forests, cedar trees, with portions of these forests including old-growth stands.[6] Other flora include Sitka spruce, salmonberry, salal, tanoak, and western azalea.[9] Portions of the range are in the Elliott State Forest.

Location and climate

The range begins around the Umpqua River with the Central Oregon Coast Range to the north. Oregon Route 38 is the general divide between the two sections. On the southern end the Coquille River’s middle fork provides the general dividing line between the Central Range and the Klamath Mountains to the south and east.[2]

The climate of the mountains is of the mild maritime variety.[4] It is characterized by cool dry summers followed by mild and wet winters.[4] Most precipitation falls in the form of rain, with snow during the winter months at the higher elevations.[4] Annual precipitation varies from 60 to 120 inches (1,500 to 3,000 mm), with more in the higher elevations.[4] The average high temperature in January is 36.3 °F (2.4 °C), and the average high in July is 61.9 °F (16.6 °C) with temperature also varying by elevation.[4]


All peaks in the range are over 3,000 feet (910 m) in elevation.

Mountain Name Elevation County
feet metres
Bone Mountain[1] 3,547 1,081 Coos
Kenyon Mountain[10] 3,300 1,006 Coos
Buzzard Rock[11] 3,051 930 Douglas
Bear Mountain[12] 3,031 924 Douglas


The following rivers have portions of their headwaters in the Southern Oregon Coast Range:

See also


External links

  • This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
    Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
    By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.