World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

St Augustine Watling Street

Article Id: WHEBN0000650651
Reproduction Date:

Title: St Augustine Watling Street  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Old St Paul's Cathedral, St Paul's Cathedral, List of churches in London, St. Augustine's Church, Grade I listed churches in London
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

St Augustine Watling Street

St. Augustine, Watling Street
Current photo of the site
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Roman Catholic, Anglican

St Augustine, Watling Street was an Anglican church which stood just to the east of St Paul's Cathedral[1] in the City of London. First recorded in the 12th century, it was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666 and rebuilt to the designs of Christopher Wren. This building was destroyed by bombing during the Second World War, and its remains now form part of St Paul's Cathedral Choir School.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Medieval church 1.1
  • Rebuilding after the fire 2
  • Destruction 3
  • Faith, the church cat 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • External links 7

History

Medieval church

The church stood on the north side of Watling Street, at the corner with Old Change.[2] According to Richard Newcourt, the dedication was to St Augustine of Canterbury, rather than St Augustine of Hippo.[2] The earliest recorded mentioned of the church is from 1148. In 1252–3 Alexander le Cordwaner made a grant of land on the north side for its enlargement.[3] John Stow, writing at the end of the 16th century called St Augustine's " a fair church," adding that it had been "lately well repaired." The church was partly rebuilt, and "in every part of it richly and very worthily beautified" in 1630–1, at a cost to the parishioners of £1,200.[2] The foundations of the northern half of the medieval church were revealed when burials were removed in 1965. The archaeological evidence indicated that the 12th-century church was about 61 feet (19 m) long, the thirteenth century extension 59 feet (18 m) long and 16 feet (4.9 m) wide.[3]

The medieval building was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666.[2]

Rebuilding after the fire

After the fire the parish was united with that of St Faith's, whose congregation had previously worshipped in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral.[2] St. Augustine's was rebuilt to a design by Christopher Wren; the foundations, revealed by the excavations of 1965, were mostly of re-used stones set in mortar.[3] The new church opened in September, 1683, but the steeple was not finished until 1695.[2]

The interior was about 51 feet (16 m) long[2] – shorter than the medieval building [3] – 45 feet (14 m) wide and 30 feet (9.1 m) high. The nave was divided from the aisles by an arcade supported on

  • Faith the Church Cat
  • St Paul’s Cathedral School

External links

  1. ^ Huelin, G. (1996). Vanished Churches of the City of London. London: Guildhall Library Publication.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Daniell, A,E. (1896). London City Churches. London: Constable. pp. 135–8. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Archaeological Finds in the City of London, 1965-6". Transactions of the London & Middlesex Archaeological Society. 22, Part 1: 11. 1968. 
  4. ^ Kent, W. (1947). The Lost Treasures of London. London: Phoenix House. 
  5. ^ Betjeman, John (1972). The City of London Churches. Pitkin.  
  6. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  7. ^   accessed 23 January 2009

Notes

See also

The church cat, named Faith, became quite well known after the air raid which destroyed St Augustine's. Days before she was seen moving her kitten, Panda, to a basement area. Despite being brought back several times, Faith insisted on returning Panda to her refuge. On the morning after the air raid the rector searched through the dangerous ruins for the missing animals, and eventually found Faith, surrounded by smouldering rubble and debris but still guarding the kitten in the spot she had selected three days earlier. The story of her premonition and rescue eventually reached Maria Dickin, founder of the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals, and for her courage and devotion Faith was awarded a specially-made silver medal. Her death in 1948 was reported on four continents.

Faith, the church cat

The remains of the church were designated a Grade I listed building on 4 January 1950.[7]

The church was destroyed by bombing in 1941.[5] It was not rebuilt, but the tower was restored in 1954.[6] and later incorporated into a new choir school for St Paul's Cathedral, completed in 1967.

Destruction

Rectors of the church included John Douglas, later Bishop of Carlisle, from 1764 to 1787, and Richard Harris Barham, author of the Ingoldsby Legends, from 1842 until his death in 1845.[2]

[4] in 1878.Arthur Blomfield was of carved oak. The pulpit was modernised by pulpit columns and the Corinthian had reredos The [2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.