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Stephen Bachiler

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Stephen Bachiler

Stephen Bachiler (c. 1561–1656) was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in America.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Plough Company and immigration 2
  • Lynn, MA 3
  • New Hampshire 4
  • Maine 5
  • Notable descendants 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Bachiler was born in 1561. An early graduate of Oxford (St. John's College, 1586), he was vicar of Wherwell, Hampshire (1587–1605) when ousted for Puritanical leanings under James I. Bachiler married, about 1590, Anne with whom he had six children: Nathaniel, Deborah, Stephen, Samuel, Ann, and Theodate. Anne Bachiler, who was somehow related to Rev John Bate - Bachiler's successor at Wherwell, died between 1610, the year of the birth of their last child, and 1624.[1]

Bachiler had a second marriage to Christian Weare, widow, in 1623. She died before 1627. His third marriage, in 1627, was to Helena Mason, the widow of Revd. Thomas Mason of Odiham, Hampshire; Mary, the daughter of Helena and Thomas Mason, was married to Richard Dummer, who also became involved in the founding of the Plough Company.[2]

Plough Company and immigration

In 1630 he was a member of the Company of Husbandmen in Ferdinando Gorges. Bachiler was to be its minister and leader. Although the settlers sailed to America in 1631, the project was abandoned.

Bachiler was accompanied to America, on the ship William & Francis (5 June 1632), by his third wife, Helena and a grandson, Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel.[1] Later, he was joined by his daughter, Deborah (Bachiler) Wing, and her sons, by the sons of daughter, Ann Sanborn, and by the family of daughter, Theodate Hussey. The families of these three daughters account for many of Bachiler's descendants in America.[3][4]

Lynn, MA

Bachiler was 70 years old when he reached Boston in 1632, and gathered his followers to establish the First Church of Lynn (then Saugus). He incurred the hostility of the Puritan theocracy in Boston, casting the only dissenting vote among ministers against the expulsion of Roger Williams. Despite his age, he was uncommonly energetic, and throughout some two decades pursued settlement and church endeavors, always engaged in controversy and confrontation with Bay Colony leaders.

New Hampshire

In 1638, Bachiler and others successfully petitioned to begin a new plantation at Winnacunnet, to which he gave the name Province of Maine, to act as arbitration "umpire" (deciding judge) in a Saco Court land dispute between George Cleeve and John Winter.

Maine

By 1644 Cleeve had become deputy governor of Lygonia, a rival province to that of Gorges' in Maine established from a resurrected Plough Patent, and asked Bachiler to be its minister at Casco. Bachiler deferred, having already received a call to be minister for the new town of Exeter. Once again Massachusetts intervened in his affairs when the General Court ordered deferral of any church at Exeter. Frustrated in his attempts at a new ministry, Bachiler left Hampton and went as missionary to Strawbery Banke (now Portsmouth, New Hampshire) probably that same year 1644. While there, he married in 1648 (as fourth wife) a young widow, Mary Beedle of Kittery, Maine. In 1651, she was indicted and sentenced for adultery with a neighbor.

Denied a divorce by the Massachusetts Court, Bachiler finally returned to England about 1653. His children who had stayed in England, were well off and able to take care of him. Bachiler died near London, and was buried at All Hallows Staining on October 31, 1656.

Perhaps the best summation of his career is in the biographical entry in Robert Charles Anderson's look at the early immigrants: "Among the many remarkable lives lived by early New Englanders, Bachiler's is the most remarkable." [1]

Notable descendants

References

  1. ^ a b c Anderson, R.C. (2000) The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, Vol III. NEHGS.
  2. ^ Dummer, Michael (June 2005). "5: Richard and Early Days in New England". The Family of Dummer (7th ed.). p. 24. 
  3. ^ Randall, P.E., Publisher. (2000) Piscataqua Pioneers Sheridan Books, Ann Arbor, MI
  4. ^ Sanborn, V.C. (1899) Genealogy of the Family of Samborne or Sanborn in England and America. 1194-1898 Rumford Press

External links

  • Rev. Stephen Bachiler page on the website of the Lane Memorial Library, New Hampshire
  • Additional family information
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