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Sterculia

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Title: Sterculia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Sterculiaceae, Sterculia lychnophora, Sterculia monosperma, Sterculia foetida, Calumpang, Marikina
Collection: Sterculia
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Sterculia

Sterculia
S. foetida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Sterculioideae
Genus: Sterculia
L.[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Ivira Aubl.
Mateatia Vell.
Triphaca Lour.
Xylosterculia Kosterm.[1]

Ripe fruit capsules releasing their smooth seeds, Malaysia
S. setigera, dry capsules and seeds – MHNT
S. pruriens, wood texture – MHNT

Sterculia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It was previously placed in the now obsolete Sterculiaceae.[1] Members of the genus are colloquially known as tropical chestnuts. The scientific name is taken from Sterculius of Roman mythology, who was the god of manure; this is in reference to the unpleasant aroma of the flowers of this genus (e.g., Sterculia foetida).

Sterculia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the leaf miner Bucculatrix xenaula, which feeds exclusively on the genus.

Gum karaya is extracted from Sterculia species, and is used as a thickener and emulsifier in foods, as a laxative, and as a denture adhesive.

Selected species

Panama tree, S. apetala

Formerly placed here


References

  1. ^ a b c L."Sterculia"Genus: . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-06-05. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  2. ^ http://www.worldagroforestry.org/Sea/Products/AFDbases/AF/asp/SpeciesInfo.asp?SpID=98
  3. ^ "Sterculia"GRIN Species Records of . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 

FAO

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