World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stow Fair, Lincolnshire

Article Id: WHEBN0024035110
Reproduction Date:

Title: Stow Fair, Lincolnshire  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Lincolnshire, Stow, Lincolnshire, Threekingham, Horse fair
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Stow Fair, Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 52°54′07″N 0°22′28″W / 52.902043°N 0.374377°W / 52.902043; -0.374377

Stow Green Hill
OS grid reference TF094350
    - London 100 mi (160 km)  south
Civil parish Threekingham
District North Kesteven
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SLEAFORD
Postcode district NG34
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Sleaford and North Hykeham
List of places

Stow Fair was an English medieval fair inaugurated in 1233.[1] The Prior of Sempringham was granted permission in 1268 to hold this annual fair, from 23-25 June,[2] confirming an earlier charter. The fair continued until living memory, being run as a horse fair until 1954.

It seems likely that earlier fairs were held on the same days, one of which is the feast day of St Ætheldreda, long associated with the site. Historian Graham Platts' view is that there should be scepticism over a belief that the fair developed from earlier summer solstice rites.[3]

The District Council have erected an information board at the site, with historical text and a photograph of the horse fair in 1908.


Stow Fair was held at the now Stow Green Hill, next to Mareham Lane between Sleaford and Rippingale via Threekingham. This, is thought[by whom?] to be the route of a Roman Road aligned with King Street.

The location is on the edge of the Limestone hills, looking North over the fen country toward Sleaford. It is toward the end of a small ridge of high ground pushing east into the fen from Walcott. The field is around 108 feet (33 m) above sea level. It would have been a commanding position at the time.

A nearby farm is called Stow Farm, and the lane into Horbling is called Stow Lane. The area is signposted "Stow" from the A15 at Threekingham

Very minor Roman remains have been found along the route of Mareham Lane.[4][5]

A field at the corner of Mareham Lane and Stow Lane is fenced, and bears a notice board with historical information. The land is owned by the Crown Commissioners and farmed under a tenancy. Pedestrian access to the site is permitted, although metal detection is forbidden. It is said that the original fair extended over a far wider area.

The field is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, RSM no. 22610


The Domesday Book records two churches in Threekingham; St Peter and St Mary. The church of St Mary was at Stow Green. The church survived until the 18th century, and 11th- and 12th-century funerary remains have been found at Stow Green. It is possible that it was the site of the Early medieval nunnery, founded in the late 7th century by St Werburgh and dedicated to St Ætheldreda, probably destroyed by the Danes circa 870.[6]

Historian David Roffe describes St Ætheldreda's connection with Stow Green, saying the site, called "Ædeldreðestowe," was chosen because the saint's staff took root and sprouted leaves there.[7]

'Stow' is well known to be a place name denoting a holy place, or a burial place.


  • Some information about the fair comes from a notice board erected at the site.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.