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Sykesville, Maryland

Sykesville, Maryland
Town
Location of Sykesville, Maryland
Location of Sykesville, Maryland
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Maryland
County Carroll
Town of Sykesville August 1904
Government
 • Mayor Ian Shaw (2013- present)
Area[1]
 • Total 1.58 sq mi (4.09 km2)
 • Land 1.58 sq mi (4.09 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 545 ft (166 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,436
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,449
 • Density 2,807.6/sq mi (1,084.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21784
Area code(s) 410,443,667
FIPS code 24-76550
GNIS feature ID 0591389
Website .net.sykesvillewww

Sykesville is a town in Carroll County, Maryland, United States. The population was 4,436 at the 2010 census.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Sites of interest 4
  • Notables 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The land on which Sykesville sits started out as part of the 3,000-acre (12 km2) Springfield Estate, owned by wealthy James Sykes.[6][7]

A tract of land on the Howard County side of the Patapsco River contained an old saw and grist mill. In 1830 Sykes replaced it with a newer mill and constructed a five-story stone hotel, to take care of railroad personnel and the tourist trade. In 1831 the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) extended its main line to "Horse Train Stop", since Sykesville had yet to be named.[8] Other businesses moved into the area, including two general stores, new mills, churches and a post office. In 1832 the town managed to gain control of a barn across the Patapsco River, the dividing line between Carroll and Howard County, but the citizens were forced to return the barn under threat of federal troops.

Much of the town was destroyed by a flood in 1868, ending a water rights dispute between the Sykesville mill and the Elba Furnace when both were damaged.[9] The town was rebuilt on the Carroll County side of the river.[5]

The town was incorporated in 1904. A weekly newspaper, the Sykesville Herald, was founded in 1913 and published regularly until the 1980s.[5]

Geography

Sykesville is located at (39.371020, -76.972630).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.58 square miles (4.09 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,436 people, 1,409 households, and 995 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,807.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,084.0/km2). There were 1,474 housing units at an average density of 932.9 per square mile (360.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 83.3% White, 12.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 1,409 households of which 45.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the town was 37.3 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 7.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 54.6% male and 45.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 4,197 people, 1,390 households, and 1,025 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,621.1 people per square mile (1,012.8/km²). There were 1,420 housing units at an average density of 886.8 per square mile (342.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.14% White, 4.88% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.62% Asian, 0.02% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population. 28% of Sykesville's residents were German, 19% Irish, 13% English, 3% Polish, 2% Scotch-Irish, and 2% Russian.[14]

There were 1,390 households out of which 48.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the town the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 37.8% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $66,551, and the median income for a family was $75,758. Males had a median income of $50,146 versus $35,669 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,395. About 2.4% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

The Springfield Hospital Center mental institution is located to the east of the town.

The ex-Baltimore and Ohio Railroad station was designed by E. Francis Baldwin in the Queen Anne style and built in 1883. The station was the second stop from Baltimore on the original B&O main line. The B&O ended passenger service to Sykesville in 1949.[5] It was the prototype for a well-known model railroad kit.

The Sykesville Schoolhouse Museum, at 518 Schoolhouse Road, served as a one-room schoolhouse for black children from 1904 to 1938. The building is currently being restored.[15]

The Gate House Museum of History, at 7283 Cooper Drive, served as residence for many employees at Maryland's second hospital for the insane. The hospital opened in 1896 and the gatehouse opened in 1904.[16]

Downtown Sykesville comprises the Sykesville Historic District. At two separate points in time, Union and Confederate Armies marched through the town center.[17]

On the Howard County side - The Howard Lodge (ca. 1750) was the centerpiece of a 2,500 acre slave plantation built for the Dorsey family. The building was once home to Francis Scott Key Jr.[18][19]

Notables

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Sykesville town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d Maryland Historical Trust, Annapolis, MD. "Sykesville Historic District." National Register of Historic Places Inventory--Nomination Form. Filed 1985-08-14; accessed 2011-03-20.
  6. ^ "James Sykes, Frank Brown, and Sykesville". Gazette.net (Gaithersburg, MD: Post-Newsweek Media). 2004-04-29. Retrieved 2011-03-20. 
  7. ^ Seeking Freedom The History of the Underground Railroad in Howard County. p. 81. 
  8. ^ Town of Sykesville. "Sykesville History"; accessed 2011-03-20.
  9. ^ Barbara Feaga. Howard's Roads to the Past. p. 57. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  14. ^ "Sykesville, MD, Ancestry & Family History". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2015-04-16. 
  15. ^ Town of Sykesville. "Sykesville Colored Schoolhouse." Accessed 2010-03-20.
  16. ^ Town of Sykesville. "Gatehouse Museum of History." Accessed 2011-03-20.
  17. ^ "The Historic town of Sykesville". Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  18. ^ Howard County Historical Society. Images of America, Howard County. p. 20. 
  19. ^ Edward Gunts (19 November 2011). "1750s-era Howard Lodge nominated for U.S. historic register New owners wanted building to have recognition". The Baltimore Sun. 
  20. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0099329/locations
  21. ^ http://www.eklectrikmusic.com/7-blue-skies/index.php
  22. ^ http://www.myspace.com/7blueskies

External links

  • Town of Sykesville official website
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