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Thomas W. Lamont

Thomas W. Lamont
Thomas Lamont on the cover of Time Magazine (November 11, 1929)
Cover of Time Magazine (November 11, 1929)
Born Thomas William Lamont, Jr.
(1870-09-30)September 30, 1870
Claverack, New York
Died February 2, 1948(1948-02-02) (aged 77)
Boca Grande, Florida
Alma mater Phillips Exeter Academy, Harvard University
Occupation Banker
Years active 1903-1947
Employer J.P. Morgan & Co.
Net worth $25 million (1948)
Board member of International Committee of Bankers on Mexico
Denomination Methodist
Spouse(s) Florence Haskell (Corliss) Lamont
Children Corliss Lamont, Thomas Stilwell Lamont

Thomas William Lamont, Jr. (September 30, 1870 – February 2, 1948) was an American banker.


  • Early life 1
  • J. P. Morgan 2
    • Japan 2.1
    • Mexico 2.2
    • Italy 2.3
    • Wall Street Crash 2.4
    • Post-Crash 2.5
  • Charitable Work 3
  • Personal life 4
  • In popular culture 5
  • Works 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8

Early life

Lamont was born in Claverack, New York. His parents were Thomas Lamont, a Methodist minister, and Caroline Deuel Jayne. Since his father was a minister, they moved around upstate New York a lot and were not very wealthy.[1] He graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1888, where he was editor of the school newspaper, The Exonian, as well as the school yearbook and literary magazine. He then attended Harvard.[1]

At Harvard College, he became first freshman editor of The Harvard Crimson, which helped him pay off some of his tuition. He graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1892. He met his wife, Florence Haskell Corliss, at the 1890 Harvard commencement. He started working under the city editor for the New York Tribune two days after he graduated from Harvard in 1892.[2] He married Florence on October 31, 1895 in Englewood, New Jersey. He was also able to work for the Albany Evening Journal, Boston Advertiser, Boston Herald, and New York Tribune, which only paid $25, while at Harvard. While at the Tribune, he received many promotions, including night editor and helping the financial editor, which gave him his first taste of the financial world. He left journalism because of the low pay and went into business[1]

He began working in business for Cushman Bros., which later became Lamont, Corliss, and Company, and turned it into a successful importing and marketing firm. It was an advertising agency that worked for food corporations. The company was in a bad financial status, but Lamont fixed it, and the company changed its name to Lamont, Corliss, and Company. He was partners with his brother-in-law, Corliss. His banking caught the attention of banker Henry P. Davison, who asked Thomas to join the newly started Bankers’ Trust. He started as secretary and treasurer and then moved up to being Vice President, and then was promoted to director. He rose to the vice presidency of the First National Bank.[1]

Starting in the late 1910s, for many years, he financed the Saturday Review of Literature.

J. P. Morgan

On January 1, 1911, he became a partner of Dawes Plan and the Young Plan. The company also started a system where the Allies could buy supplies from them, a previously improvised system. In 1917, he joined the Liberty Loan Committee, which helped the treasury sell war bonds to Americans. He also served unofficially as an advisor to a mission to the Allies led by Edward M. House, as requested by Woodrow Wilson.[3]

Lamont not only advised the other countries, he also went to them. Right before he was going to go to Europe, the Bolsheviks took power in Russia. He and the head of the American Red Cross, William B. Thompson, along with the approval of the British Prime Minister, Lloyd George, tried to convince America to aid the Bolsheviks so that Russia would stay in the war. However, they were unsuccessful. Both he and Norman H. Davis were appointed as representatives of the Treasury Department to the Paris Peace Conference and had to determine what Germany had to pay in reparations. He drew up the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan to try to figure out Germany’s punishment. In the years between the wars, he was a spokesman for J.P. Morgan, because J.P. Morgan junior was retiring. He handled the press and defended the firm during hearings like the Arsene P. Pujo hearings that investigated Wall Street bankers with too much power.[1]

He was one of the most important agents for the Morgan investments abroad. He was an unofficial mentor to the Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Hoover, and Franklin D. Roosevelt administrations.[2]

Portrait of Thomas W. Lamont ca. 1921


Lamont later undertook a semiofficial mission to Japan in 1920 to protect American financial issues in Asia. However, he did not aggressively challenge Japanese efforts to build a sphere of influence in De la Huerta-Lamont Treaty. He continued to chair the committee into the 1940s, through a series of renegotiations of Mexico's foreign debt.


In 1926, Lamont, self-described as "something like a missionary" for Italian fascism,[5] secured a $100 million loan for Benito Mussolini.[5] Despite his early support, Lamont believed the Second Italo-Abyssinian War was outrageous.[2]

On September 20, 1940, fascist police shocked Lamont by arresting Giovanni Fummi,

  • Lamont, Edward M. The Ambassador from Wall Street. The Story of Thomas W. Lamont, J.P. Morgan's Chief Executive. A Biography. Lanham MD: Madison Books, 1994.
  • Lundberg, Ferdinand. America's Sixty Families. New York: Vanguard Press, 1937.

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^ a b c d e
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^ Ingham, John N. Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders. Greenwood Press, Westport CT, 1983. pgs 750-753.


  • Henry P. Davison; the record of a useful life Harper & Brothers, New York and London, 1933.
  • My boyhood in a parsonage, some brief sketches of American life toward the close of the last century Harper & Brothers, New York and London, 1946.
  • Across world frontiers, Harcort Brace & Co., New York, 1951.


Lamont is a major character in Nomi Prins' novel Black Tuesday (2011) and in Kit Holland's Soul Slip Peak (2013).

In popular culture

He was a member of the J. P. Morgan, Jr.

Lamont died in Harvard Corporation.[6] A grandson, Lansing Lamont, was a reporter with Time Magazine from 1961 to 1974. He published several books,[7] including You Must Remember This: A Reporter’s Odyssey from Camelot to Glasnost about his experiences covering the important events of the time, including the assassination of Robert Kennedy. Another grandson, Thomas William Lamont II, served in the submarine service on the USS Snook (SS-279) and died when the submarine sank in April, 1945. Thomas Lamont's great-grandson, Ned Lamont, was the Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate from Connecticut in 2006.

Personal life

Lamont Library at Harvard University

Lamont became a generous benefactor of Harvard and Exeter once he had amassed a fortune, notably funding the building of Lamont Library. At the end of World War II, Lamont made a very substantial donation toward restoring Canterbury Cathedral in England. His widow, Florence Haskell Corliss donated Torrey Cliff, their weekend residence overlooking the Hudson River in Palisades, New York, to Columbia University. It is now the site of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Upon Florence's death, a bequest established the Lamont Poetry Prize.

Charitable Work

Following the reorganization of J.P. Morgan & Co. in 1943, Lamont was elected J.P. Morgan, Jr. died.


On stock market through massive purchases of blue chip stocks.

Wall Street Crash

. Switzerland Lamont worked to secure Fummi's release. Fummi was released on October 1, and went to [2]

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