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Three 6 Mafia

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Title: Three 6 Mafia  
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Subject: Project Pat, Chapter 1: The End, It's Hard out Here for a Pimp, Lord Infamous, Chapter 2: World Domination
Collection: 1991 Establishments in Tennessee, African-American Crunk Groups, African-American Musical Groups, American Musical Duos, Best Original Song Academy Award Winning Songwriters, Columbia Records Artists, Gangsta Rap Groups, Gangsta Rappers, Hardcore Hip Hop Groups, Horrorcore Groups, Musical Groups Established in 1991, Musical Groups from Memphis, Tennessee, Obscenity Controversies, Obscenity Controversies in Music, Rappers from Memphis, Tennessee, Southern Hip Hop Groups, Southern Hip Hop Musicians, Three 6 Mafia
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Three 6 Mafia

Three 6 Mafia
Juicy J performing with DJ Paul in 2009
Background information
Also known as Da Mafia 6ix, Triple 6 Mafia, Backyard Posse
Origin Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Hip hop, horrorcore, crunk
Years active 1993—present
Labels Sony Music, Hypnotize Minds, Columbia
Associated acts Project Pat, Lil Wyte, Frayser Boy, Gangsta Blac, Kingpin Skinny Pimp, Playa Fly, Indo G, UGK, OutKast
Members DJ Paul
Crunchy Black
Past members Lord Infamous (deceased)
Koopsta Knicca (deceased)
Gangsta Boo
Juicy J

Three 6 Mafia, also known as Da Mafia 6ix, is a hip-hop group originally from Memphis, Tennessee, signed to Sony Music Entertainment under the Columbia Records imprint. The group was formed by DJ Paul, Lord Infamous, Juicy J and Koopsta Knicca in 1993 and was at first known as Triple 6 Mafia. During the group's earlier years they often worked with members of the Backyard Posse and the Gimisum Family. Crunchy Black was at first added to the group as a dancer in 1995 and Gangsta Boo became a full member of the group after the release of the debut album Mystic Stylez.

The group released their debut album Mystic Stylez in 1995 through Prophet Entertainment, a record label they created but have since relinquished control of. Their musical style—which initially featured dark, menacing beats with equally gritty lyrics—has since moved to a less dark style. The group has also had numerous lineup changes, and now (due to contract disputes) performs under the group name of Da Mafia 6ix. DJ Paul and Crunchy Black are the only remaining members of the Da Mafia 6ix, while Juicy J continues to claim he is a member of Three 6 Mafia. Nonetheless, they have cultivated a sizable and diverse cult following that has only increased since their Oscar win. Two of their albums are RIAA-rated platinum: When the Smoke Clears: Sixty 6, Sixty 1 (2000) and Most Known Unknown (2005), the latter featured their well-known single "Stay Fly", which is said to have kick-started their rise to fame and the mainstream. The group's worldwide album sales stand at 5.5 million. In 2005 the group won an Best Original Song at the 78th Academy Awards. Three 6 Mafia have been described as horrorcore, crunk and gangsta rap. Founding members Lord Infamous and Koopsta Knicca died in 2013 and 2015, respectively.


  • History 1
    • Academy Award 1.1
    • Events after Academy Award win 1.2
    • Da Mafia 6ix 1.3
  • Members 2
    • Current members 2.1
    • Former members 2.2
    • Timeline 2.3
  • Discography 3
  • Filmography 4
    • Feature films 4.1
    • Television series 4.2
    • DVDs 4.3
    • Original television series 4.4
  • Video games 5
  • Awards and nominations 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The group started in 1991 in Memphis with DJ Paul (Paul Beauregard), Juicy J (Jordan Houston), and Lord Infamous (Ricky Dunigan). The original name for the dark hip hop group was "Backyard Posse". The group formed through the release of numerous EPs from their own record company with Nick Scarfo, Prophet Entertainment, which were sold around Memphis and the Mid-West. Later DJ Paul and Juicy J formed their own label, Hypnotize Minds Records. During their early career, they also propelled the careers of several other rappers. Eventually added before the release of Mystic Stylez, rappers Koopsta Knicca (Robert Cooper), Gangsta Boo (Lola Mitchell), Playa Fly (Ibn Young), and Crunchy Black (Darnell Carlton) joined the group. Many artists over the years ended up leaving the label over money disputes.

The group expanded and help start the careers of notable Mafia affiliates, including Project Pat, Frayser Boy, La Chat, Lil Wyte, T-Rock, Gangsta Blac, Kingpin Skinny Pimp, M.C. Mack, Scan Man, Chrome, BoogieMane & Al Kapone among others. The production acumen of Juicy and Paul also brought about a number of side projects such as Tear da Club Up Thugs, Hypnotize Camp Posse and Da Headbussaz as well as independent label ventures.

At this point in the group's evolution, having signed to a major label (SONY), group leaders DJ Paul and Juicy J began extending their brand. They started by releasing solo albums by their label affiliates such as, Can It Be? by Gangsta Blac, Ghetty Green, Murderers & Robbers, Mista Don't Play: Everythangs Workin' and Layin' da Smack Down by Project Pat, Doubt Me Now, Phinally Phamous, The One and Only and The Bad Influence by Lil Wyte, Angel Dust by Indo G, Gone On That Bay & Me Being Me by Frayser Boy, and compilation-styled albums such as collections of tracks from earlier years (Underground Vol. 1: (1991-1994), Underground Vol. 2: Club Memphis & Underground Vol. 3: Kings of Memphis among other projects). Three Six Mafia also originally coined the term "Crunk" as a description of their Southern type sound.

Academy Award

In 2006, Three 6 Mafia became the first hip-hop group to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song with "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp", which they co-wrote with Frayser Boy) as one of the theme songs for Hustle & Flow. They were also the first hip-hop artists to ever to perform at the ceremony, which they did with Hustle & Flow actress Taraji P. Henson reprising her chorus.[1] It was the second hip-hop song (and the first crunk/Dirty South song) to win an Oscar, after Eminem's "Lose Yourself" in 2002 from his film 8 Mile, and only one other hip-hop song since then has won an Oscar – Common and John Legend's "Glory" (from Selma) in 2015. Right before presenter Queen Latifah announced that they had won, she chuckled and sang the refrain from the song. The energy from Houston, Carlton, Coleman, and Beauregard's presence and acceptance speech was infectious, causing that year's Oscar host Jon Stewart to quip "How come they're the most excited people tonight?.... That's how you accept an Oscar."[2]

Events after Academy Award win

On June 7, 2006, Sony announced the departure of original Triple 6 Mafia member Crunchy Black. He stated his reason for departing was to make a solo album that DJ Paul and Juicy J had allegedly put off for years,with most of the material being used for "Most Known Unknown". Crunchy also complained he was being financially cheated by Paul and Juicy.[3] Thereafter Three 6 Mafia consisted just of remaining members DJ Paul and Juicy J.

The two producers of the group had their own reality show, Adventures in Hollyhood, on MTV. The show focused on the pair balancing fun and studio work after their Oscar win. Associate rappers Project Pat & Lil Wyte along with hometown friends Big Triece & Computer co-starred. The show premiered on April 5, 2007 on MTV & was not renewed for a second season.[4]

Three 6 Mafia was also featured on Justin Timberlake's "Chop Me Up" from his 2006 album FutureSex/LoveSounds.[5]

After leaving Three 6 Mafia a number of years prior, Lord Infamous was featured on DJ Paul's second solo album Scale-A-Ton, which was released on May 5, 2009. Lord Infamous was featured on 8 tracks. Juicy J's second solo album Hustle Till I Die was released on June 16, 2009.[6] The album featured his brother and frequent collaborator Project Pat[7] and other rappers such as V-Slash,[8] Gucci Mane,[7] Webbie[9] and Gorilla Zoe.[9]

Three 6 Mafia released their eighth studio album Last 2 Walk on June 24, 2008, after multiple delays. The album featured collaborations with Project Pat, Lil Wyte, Akon, Good Charlotte, Lyfe Jennings and UGK.

After a number of mixtapes, DJ Paul released his third solo studio album A Person of Interest on October 22, 2012. He announced that the album is a mix of gangsta rap and crunk music, with it also incorporating influences from dubstep and electronic dance music. The album featured past collaborators Lil Wyte and Gucci Mane, and also came with a bonus DVD including a self-titled short movie, music videos and behind the scenes footage. On November 26, 2013, DJ Paul released Volume 16: The Original Masters, a remaster of his 1994 mixtape 4 Da Summer of ’94, on iTunes.

From 2009 through 2012, Juicy J moved completely away from Three 6 Mafia to focus on his solo career. During this time he released a number of solo mixtapes such as Rubba Band Business and Blue Dream & Lean. He also frequently collaborated with rapper Wiz Khalifa, appearing on a number of his mixtapes. In December 2011, Juicy J confirmed that he was the newest member of Wiz Khalifa's Taylor Gang imprint – as an A&R and one-third owner of the imprint.[10] After releasing a series of singles, including the chart topping "Bandz a Make Her Dance" which features 2 Chainz and Lil Wayne, Juicy J released his third solo studio album Stay Trippy under Taylor Gang Records, Kemosabe Records and Columbia Records on August 27, 2013. Juicy J has since stated that he would still "love to" participate in a Three 6 Mafia album in the future.[11]

In 2011, DJ Paul and Juicy J starred in VH1's cooking show Famous Food together with seven other celebrities and eventually won first place.[12] In an interview, published in July 2011[13] DJ Paul cleared up some controversy from the show, involving Ashley Dupre best known from the Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal.

Da Mafia 6ix

In 2013, it was announced that five of the six original members of Three 6 Mafia — DJ Paul, Crunchy Black, Koopsta Knicca, Lord Infamous and Gangsta Boo — were reuniting as Da Mafia 6ix, with plans to release an album which was scheduled for a March 2014 release. Recording began in Las Vegas in late 2013.[14] On November 12, 2013, Da Mafia 6ix released their first mixtape 6iX Commandments. The tape was almost entirely produced by DJ Paul and featured Yelawolf, 8Ball & MJG, Krayzie Bone, Bizzy Bone, SpaceGhostPurrp and HCP affiliates Lil Wyte, Skinny Pimp and La Chat, among others.[15] Juicy J and Project Pat also appeared as surprise guests on the posse song "Body Parts", being credited just as "& more" in the track listing. The mixtape was supported by the lead single "Go Hard" featuring Yelawolf.[16] The mixtape also received a retail release and debuted at number 34 on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[17]

On December 21, 2013, founding group member Lord Infamous died of a heart attack in his sleep at his mother's home in Memphis, Tennessee.[18] Gangsta Boo would also leave the group in May 2014. DJ Paul explained it saying, "It was what we thought was going to be best for everybody. It just happened. Nobody forced nobody. It was a gut feeling."[19] The reunited group's album, Watch What U Wish..., was released on March 17, 2015.[20] On October 9, 2015, group member Koopsta Knicca passed away due to a brain aneurysm.[21]


Current members

Former members




Feature films

Television series


  • Choices: The Movie (2001)
  • Choices II: The Setup (2005)
  • Clean Up Men (2005)
  • Ultimate Video Collection (2006)

Original television series

Video games

Awards and nominations

Year Awards Category Work Result
2006 Academy Awards Best Original Song "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp" Won
BET Awards Best Group Three 6 Mafia Nominated
MTV Video Music Awards Best Hip-Hop Video "Stay Fly" Nominated
MTV2 Award Nominated
2007 BET Awards Best Group Three 6 Mafia Nominated
2008 American Music Awards Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Band, Duo or Group Three 6 Mafia Won
2009 BET Awards Best Group Three 6 Mafia Nominated
2010 International Dance Music Awards Best Hip Hop Dance Track "Feel It" Nominated
2012 Memphis Music Hall of Fame Inductee Three 6 Mafia Won


  1. ^ "Three 6 Mafia Wins Oscar". 
  2. ^ Oscar telecast, Jan. 2012.
  3. ^ "why crunchy black left 3 6 mafia million dollar question finaly answered for fans". Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  4. ^ "Adventures in Hollyhood (TV Series)". MTV. 2007-03-21. Retrieved 2015-10-11. 
  5. ^ "FutureSex / LoveSounds: Justin Timberlake: Music". Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Hustle Till I Die: Juicy J: Music". Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  7. ^ a b "30 Inches (Feat. Gucci Mane & Project Pat) [Explicit]: Juicy J: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  8. ^ "Hustle Till I Die (Feat. V Slash) [Explicit]: Juicy J: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  9. ^ a b "Ugh Ugh Ugh (Feat. Weebie & Project Pat) [Explicit]: Juicy J: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  10. ^ "Juicy J: Trippy Nonstop". SPIN. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  11. ^ "Juicy J Says He Would "Love To" Participate In A Three 6 Mafia Album In The Future". HipHopDX. 31 August 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Danielle Staub and DJ Paul Named Winners of VH1′s Famous Food!". Reality Tea. September 8, 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Three 6 Mafia VH1 Famous Foods Juicy J". Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "DJ Paul Announces Da Mafia 6ix Album Info". HipHopDX. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  15. ^ "'"Three 6 Mafia! Da Mafia 6ix! New Mixtape '6ix Commandments. LiveMixtapes. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  16. ^ "Da Mafia 6ix 'Go Hard' With Yelawolf (and Not Juicy J)".  
  17. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  18. ^ Diep, Eric. "DJ Paul Confirms Lord Infamous Died At His Mother’s House". XXL Magazine. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "DJ Paul Reveals Gangsta Boo's Departure From Da Mafia 6ix". HipHopDX. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  20. ^ "Home – Arena Music". Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Three 6 Mafia's Koopsta Knicca Has Died | News". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 

External links

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