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Turks in Kazakhstan

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Turks in Kazakhstan

Turks in Kazakhstan
Total population
97,015 (2009 census)
150,000 (academic estimates)[1]
Plus 9,593 Turkish nationals[2]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Turkish
Religion
Islam

Turks in Kazakhstan are ethnic Turks who live in Kazakhstan.

History

Ottoman migration

The First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union in 1926 recorded 8,570 Ottoman Turks living in the Soviet Union. The Ottoman Turks are no longer listed separately in the census, it is presumed that those who were living in Kazakhstan have either been assimilated into Kazakh society or have left the country.[3]

Meskhetian Turks migration

Turks in Kazakhstan according to official censuses
Census Turks % of Kazakh population
1939 523[4] 0%
1959 9,916[5] 0.1%
1970 18,397[6] 0.1%
1979 25,820[7] 0.2%
1989 49,567[8] 0.3%
1999 75,950[9] 0.5%
2009 97,015[9] 0.6%

During Zviad Gamsakhurdia to return to their homeland.[12]

In the last Soviet Census, conducted in 1989, there were 207,500 Meskhetian Turks in the Soviet Union and over 23.8% were registered in Kazakhstan.[15]

Demographics

Although the last Soviet census recorded a low figure of 207,269 Turks, this may have not counted all ethnic Turks, because for many years, Turks were denied the right to register their nationality in legal documents. Thus, in Kazakhstan, only a third of them were recorded as Turks on their passports. The rest had been arbitrarily declared members of other ethnic groups.[16][17]

According to academics there are 150,000 Turks who reside in Kazakhstan. 45,000 in Almaty, 40,000 in South Kazakhstan, 36,000 in Zhambil and 10,000 in Qyzylorda.[18]

Education

The Hoca Ahmet Yesevi International Kazakh-Turkish University was established in Turkistan of Kazakhstan in 1993 and has around 20,000 students. It is one of the leading universities in the country. There is also 28 Kazakh-Turkish high schools, one university and one primary school which are operated by private Turkish foundations. There is also one Turkish Language Teaching Center in Almaty.

See also

References

  1. ^ Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13.
  2. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Labour and Social Security. "YURTDISINDAKI VATANDASLARIMIZLA ILGILI SAYISAL BILGILER". Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  3. ^ Akiner 1983, 381.
  4. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1939 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1959 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1970 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  9. ^ a b Агентство РК по статистике. "ПЕРЕПИСЬ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ КАЗАХСТАН 2009 ГОДА". p. 10. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  10. ^ a b Bennigsen & Broxup 1983, 30.
  11. ^ Aydıngün 2002, 50.
  12. ^ a b Kurbanov & Kurbanov 1995, 237.
  13. ^ Cornell 2001, 183.
  14. ^ Tomlinson 2005, 107.
  15. ^ Babak, Vaisman & Wasserman 2004, 252.
  16. ^ Khazanov 1995, 202.
  17. ^ Babak, Vaisman & Wasserman 2004, 253.
  18. ^ Blacklock 2005, 7.

Bibliography

External links

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