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Turks in Uzbekistan

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Title: Turks in Uzbekistan  
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Collection: Ethnic Groups in Uzbekistan, Turkish Diaspora by Country, Turkish Diaspora in Asia
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Turks in Uzbekistan

Osman Turks in Uzbekistan
Total population
15,000[1][2] to 20,000[3]
plus 700 Turkish nationals[4]
Regions with significant populations

Turks in Uzbekistan are ethnic Osman Turks who live in Uzbekistan.


  • History 1
    • Ottoman migration 1.1
    • Meskhetian Turks migration 1.2
  • Demographics 2
  • Notable people 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6
  • External links 7


Ottoman migration

The First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union in 1926 recorded 8,570 Ottoman Turks living in the Soviet Union. The Ottoman Turks are no longer listed separately in the census, it is presumed that those who were living in Uzbekistan have either been assimilated into Uzbek society or have left the country.[5]

Meskhetian Turks migration

Turks in Uzbekistan according to Soviet Censuses
Year Population
1939[6] 474
1959[7] 21,269
1970[8] 46,398
1979[9] 48,726
1989[10] 106,302

During Zviad Gamsakhurdia to return to their homeland.[14]

In the last Soviet Census, conducted in 1989, there were 207,500

  • Soviet Census 1970: Uzbekistan
  • Soviet Census 1979: Uzbekistan
  • Soviet Census 1989: Uzbekistan

External links

  • Akiner, Shirin (1983), Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union, Taylor & Francis,  .
  • Atabaki, Touraj; Mehendale, Sanjyot (2005), Central Asia and the Caucasus: Transnationalism and Diaspora, Routledge,  .
  • Aydıngün, Ayşegül (2002), "Ahiska (Meskhetian) Turks: Source of Conflict in the Caucasus?", The International Journal of Human Rights 6 (2): 49–64 
  • Aydıngün, Ayşegül; Harding, Çigğdem Balım; Hoover, Matthew; Kuznetsov, Igor; Swerdlow, Steve (2006), Meskhetian Turks: An Introduction to their History, Culture, and Resettelment Experiences, Center for Applied Linguistics 
  • Babak, Vladimir; Vaisman, Demian; Wasserman, Aryeh (2004), Political Organization in Central Asia and Azerbaijan: Sources and Documents, Routledge,  .
  • Bennigsen, Alexandre; Broxup, Marie (1983), The Islamic Threat to the Soviet State, Taylor & Francis,  .
  • Blacklock, Denika (2005), Finding Durable Solutions for the Meskhetians, European Centre for Minority Issues 
  • Cornell, Svante E. (2001), Small nations and great powers: a study of ethnopolitical conflict in the Caucasus, Routledge,  .
  • Council of Europe (2006), Documents: working papers, 2005 ordinary session (second part), 25-29 April 2005, Vol. 3: Documents 10407, 10449-10533, Council of Europe,  .
  • Council of Europe (2007), Parliamentary Assembly: Working Papers 2007 Ordinary Session 22-26 January 2007, Council of Europe,  .
  • Drobizheva, Leokadia; Gottemoeller, Rose; Kelleher, Catherine McArdle (1998), Ethnic Conflict in the Post-Soviet World: Case Studies and Analysis, M.E. Sharpe,  .
  • Khazanov, Anatoly Michailovich (1995), After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism and Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States, University of Wisconsin Press,  .
  • Kurbanov, Rafik Osman-Ogly; Kurbanov, Erjan Rafik-Ogly (1995), "Religion and Politics in the Caucasus", in Bourdeaux, Michael (ed), The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, M.E. Sharpe,  .
  • Minahan, James (1998), Miniature Empires: A Historical Dictionary of the Newly Independent States, Greenwood Publishing Group,  .
  • Pohl, J. Otto (1999), Ethnic Cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949, Greenwood Publishing Group,  .
  • Polian, Pavel (2004), Against Their Will: The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR, Central European University Press,  .
  • Peimani, Hooman (2009), Conflict and Security in Central Asia and the Caucasus, ABC-CLIO,  .
  • Schnabel, Albrecht; Carment, David (2004), Conflict Prevention from Rhetoric to Reality, Volume 1, Lexington Books,  .
  • Tomlinson, Kathryn (2005), "Living Yesterday in Today and Tomorrow: Meskhetian Turks in Southern Russia", in Crossley, James G.; Karner, Christian (eds.), Writing History, Constructing Religion, Ashgate Publishing,  .


  1. ^ Council of Europe 2006, 23.
  2. ^ Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13.
  3. ^ Blacklock 2005, 8.
  4. ^ Council of Europe 2007, 130.
  5. ^ Akiner 1983, 381.
  6. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1939 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  7. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1959 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  8. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1970 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  9. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  10. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  11. ^ a b Bennigsen & Broxup 1983, 30.
  12. ^ Aydıngün 2002, 50.
  13. ^ Tomlinson 2005, 107.
  14. ^ a b Kurbanov & Kurbanov 1995, 237.
  15. ^ Cornell 2001, 183.
  16. ^ Minority Rights Group International. "Meskhetian Turks". Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  17. ^ Babak, Vaisman & Wasserman 2004, 252.
  18. ^ a b Pohl 1999, 136.
  19. ^ a b Peimani 2009, 196.
  20. ^ Schnabel & Carment 2004, 63.
  21. ^ a b Ryazantsev 2009, 167.
  22. ^ Polian 2004, 220.
  23. ^ Uzbek News. "Local activist starts census in Tashkent". Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  24. ^ Blacklock 2005, 8.


See also

Notable people

Uzbekistan has not conducted a census since 1989[23] therefore there are no official statistics regarding the current Turkish population in Uzbekistan. International organizations have given rough averages, it is believed that approximately 15,000–20,000 Turks live in Tashkent, Sirdarya, Jizzakh, Kashkadarya. Furthermore, there are 3,000 Turks in Bukhara, 4,000 in Samarkand and 2,000 in Nawoiy.[24]



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