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Una district

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Title: Una district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh, Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla district, Chintpurni
Collection: Districts in India, Districts of Himachal Pradesh, Una District
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Una district

Una district
District of Himachal Pradesh
Location of Una district in Himachal Pradesh
Location of Una district in Himachal Pradesh
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Una, Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils 4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 5
Area
 • Total 1,549 km2 (598 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,21,057
 • Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Urban 8.8%
Demographics
 • Literacy 87.23%
 • Sex ratio 977
Average annual precipitation 1253 mm
Website Official website

Una is one of the districts of Himachal Pradesh, India, and shares its border with the Hoshiarpur District and ropar district of Punjab. The terrain is generally a plain with low hills. Una has been identified as a main industrial hub and has become a transit town for travellers going to the famous city of Dharamshala or locations within the Himalayas such as Kullu, Manali, Jawalamukhi, and Chintpurni.

Una is home to the Kila, which is a historical fort and an ancestral home of the descendants of the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak.

Contents

  • Language 1
  • Attire 2
  • Population 3
  • Geography 4
  • Pilgrimage 5
  • Economy 6
  • Transport 7
  • Demographics 8
  • Famous Destinations in UNA 9
  • External links 10
  • References 11

Language

Local languages are Punjabi and Hindi, the prominently spoken being Punjabi.

Attire

Kurta and Pajama is the culturally accepted dress for men. Farmers find Punjabi Tamba and Kurta particularly comfortable. Office-going men wear shirts and pants.

Women wear Salwar Kameez on most casual and formal occasions. A Sari is also worn, especially to weddings.

Young people mostly wear western styled clothing: tight-fitted denims, pants; t-shirt, polos and shirts. Unisex clothing is gaining acceptance, especially in the suburbs.

Shawl, known locally as "Loi", are worn in the winters. They can be plain or embroidered (especially for women).

Jutti is a culturally accepted footwear, for both men and women.

Population

According to the 2001 census, the total population of Una was 447,967 with a sex-ratio of 997. The literacy rate stood at 81.09%. In 2011, population figures were raised to 521,057 with decreased sex ratio of 977. The literacy rate increased to 87.23%. The total area of the district is 1,549 km2 (598 sq mi). The urban population contributes nearly 9% of the total population. Hinduism and Sikhism are the prominent religions, with Christianity and Islam forming non-scalable minorities.

Geography

Una lies in the southwestern part of Himachal Pradesh, with the beautiful Sivalik hills of the Himalayas gently rolling on one side. The Satluj river passes alongside Shahtalai hills, known for the shrine of Baba Balak Nath.

Pilgrimage

Chintpurni and Baba Balak Nath are the temples most visited by Hindus and Sikhs, especially on weekends and on special religious days.

Bhadurkali Mata Mandir,Guga Jahar Peer, Bhadurkali;Dera Baba Barbhag Singh MAIRI; Dera Baba Rudru; Radhe Krishna Mandir, founded by Baba Bal, Kotla Kalan; Baba Moni temple, Ghanari; Jogi Panga: Dharamshala Mahanta; Dhunsar Mahadev Temple, Talmehra; Pir Nigaha, Madanpur Basoli; Shivbari Temple, Gagret; Dmamiya, Ispur, Suhin Guga, Lohara Mandir are some other popular temples.

Brahmahooti, situated near Mehatpur, is one of the two temples in India dedicated to God Brahma, the other being in Pushkar, Rajasthan. Though less known, this temple is situated close to a serene lake in the laps of hills.

Economy

The people of Una mainly earn their livelihood through agriculture. Una is also becoming an industrial hub. There is a hub of small scale Katha factories. Kamal Katha Udyog, Master Katha Udyog are prominent manufactorer of Katha. In addition of that there is cylinder factory named Him Cylinders and Steel Plant by the name of Him alloys.The International Cars and Motor has also one their plant in the City.The Jeevan Market Has Many Shops Dealing In All Types Of Products.

Transport

Una is connected by road and only one railway line through Una that currently enters Una from Nangal (Punjab) and runs all the way will Amb by the year end 2011. The NH-22 national highway passes through the city. Una is located just about 375 km (233 mi) north of New Delhi and 120 km (75 mi) from Chandigarh. The city is connected by a broad gauge railway line, which is the only one in the whole state. Two express trains (Himachal Express and Jan Shatabdi Express) connect it to Delhi daily. The nearest domestic airport is based at Chandigarh. Now Nestle is setting up his factory in nearby industrial area Tahliwal, cremica is already present there, some big industries are also moved in like inoxwind in basal and some other industrial units in Dhamandari.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Una district has a population of 521,057,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde.[2] This gives it a ranking of 543rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 338 inhabitants per square kilometre (880/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.24%.[1] Una has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 87.23%.[1]

Religion in Una district[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
92.13%
Sikhism
  
4.99%
Islam
  
2.74%
Christianity
  
0.07%
Others
  
0.07%

Famous Destinations in UNA

  • Sheetla Mata Mandir Una, takka road—Sheetla Mata Temple is famous for curing disease like chicken pox, eye disease and other skin diseases. The water of the temple is very divine and deity which cure the disease. The locket given by the Priest also helps in curing the diseases.
  • Maa Chintpurni Devi Temple Pictorial Tour Maa Chintpurni
  • Sri Radha Krishan Mandir Kotla Kalan Una.
  • Shiv Bari Temple
  • Dhyunsar Mahadev Temple
  • Dera Baba Rudru | Dera Baba Rudrashram
  • Baba Barbagh Singh
  • Suhin Guga Mandir
  • Jogi Panga
  • Jyoli Mata Temple Samoor Kalan (Pracheen Shiv Mandir Samoor Kalan)
  • Thaneek Pura
  • Garib Nath mandir
  • Baba sahib singh ji bedi
  • Baba Moni Temple Ghanari
  • Mahandev Mandir, Pracheen Mahandev Mandir in Kotla Kalan.
  • Pracheen Gouri Ganga Mata Mandir Near Tirthwal Village post office chowar Tehsil amb Distt. Una (H.P.)
  • Santoshi mata mandir at village khad. It is a beautiful small temple which is looked after by a holy sannyasin who devoted her life to this temple and serving this for about 43 years. It is located on Una–Gagret road.(shyamsuamnsingh)

External links

  • Official Link
  • Una Profile
  • Una District Cultural and Religious Heritage

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cape Verde 516,100 July 2011 est. 
  3. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/235-una.html

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