World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Vilina Vlas

Vilina Vlas
Concentration and rape camp
The Vilina Vlas hotel, where Bosniak prisoners were beaten, tortured and sexually assaulted during the Bosnian War.
Vilina Vlas is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Višegrad in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates
Location Višegrad, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Operated by Serb forces
Original use Hotel
Inmates Bosniaks
Number of inmates 200

Vilina Vlas is a hotel that served as one of the main detention facilities where Bosniak prisoners were beaten, tortured and the women sexually assaulted by Serbs during the Višegrad massacres in the Bosnian War of the 1990s. It is located about four kilometers north-east of Višegrad, in the village of Višegradska Banja.[1][2]

After the war, Vilina Vlas was re-opened as a tourist facility.

Contents

  • The camp 1
  • Trials 2
  • Art and Culture 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

The camp

In 1992 the concentration and rape camp at the Vilina Vlas hotel was one of the Višegrad area's main detention facilities.[2] It was established by the Uzice Corps at the end of April 1992 and played a significant role in the ethnic cleansing of the area's non-Serb population.[2] The hotel served as a camp "brothel".[2] Bosniak women and girls, including many not yet 14 years old, were brought to the camp by police officers and members of the paramilitary groups the White Eagles and Arkan's and Vojislav Šešelj's men.[2]

Milan Lukić, leader of a local group of paramilitaries referred to variously as the White Eagles, the Avengers or the Wolves, established his headquarters at the Vilina Vlas Hotel, one of various locations where local Bosniaks were detained. The group, with ties to the local police and Serb military units, played a prominent role in the ethnic cleansing of Višegrad, committing numerous crimes including murder, rape, torture, beatings, looting and destruction of property.

Many rapes in the Višegrad area were allegedly perpetrated in an apparently systematic fashion. Reports to the United Nations Commission of Experts to the Security Council (the Bassiouni Commission) state that victims were rounded up and transported to places like Vilina Vlas and the Hotel Višegrad apparently for the purpose of being detained and raped.[3]

One report to the Bassiouni Commission estimated that 200 women, primarily Bosniak, were detained at Vilina Vlas and sexually assaulted. The hotel was known as a place where only young, beautiful women were detained and in testimony given to the Bassiouni Commission it is claimed that women brought to this camp had been chosen to bear "Chetnik" children and were "selected" carefully.[2] It was claimed that younger girls were taken to the hotel while older women were taken to other locations, such as occupied or abandoned houses, and raped. The number and consistency of the reports were considered to provide reasonable confirmation that a large number of rapes did in fact occur at the hotel.[4]

The prisoners were raped repeatedly and beaten with batons.[2][5] Many of the women were killed while others were exiled, became

  • Final Report of the Commission of Experts Established Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 780 (1992) (United Nations Security Council S/1994/674 - 27 May 1994) - Annex VIII - part 1/10 Prison camps - 85. Visegrad (includes section on Vilina Vlas)
  • UNHCR Convention on Civil and Political Rights - Human Rights Committee Document CCPR/C/89, dated 27 April 1993, Bosnia and Herzegovina Report (extensive documentation of war crimes committed in Višegrad and surrounding areas)
  • "THE RAPES IN BOSNIA: A BOSNIAC SCHOOLGIRL'S ACCOUNT" by Peter Maass, in The Washington Post, December 27, 1992
  • "Visegrad Rape Victims Say Their Cries Go Unheard" by Nidzara Ahmetasevic, Nerma Jelacic and Selma Boracic – Institute for War and Peace Reporting Balkan Insight, 18 October 2006 (BIRN report on the ICTY's failure to bring charges in relation to the use of the Vilina Vlas spa hotel as a rape camp)
  • International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia Latest Developments (link to Press Kit for Milan Lukic and Sredoje Lukic proceedings)
  • "Lukic Murdered 410 Bosniaks and One Serb!" by Edina KAMENICA, in Oslobodjenje (Sarajevo), March 22, 2001 (report of "Merjem"'s experience at Vilina Vlas ; in collection of 2001 articles from Oslobodjenje).
  • "Abduction" B92 programme by Veran Matic (transcript of television report on the abduction of a group of Bosniak men from Sjeverin who were detained at Vilina Vlas before being executed on the orders of Milan Lukic).
  • "Vilina Vlas, The Fairy's Hair", TV documentary about the Vilina Vlas rapings by Sotiris Danezis for the "Warzone" programme (Mega Channel, Greece) (in Greek).
  • People & Power - Bosnia's broken promises (Al-Jazeera).
  • Jasmina Ahmetspahic (28.01.1968 – 14.06.1992)

External links

  1. ^ http://www.vilina-vlas.com/lokacija.php
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/VIII-08.htm#III.A.85
  3. ^ http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/IX.htm
  4. ^ http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/comexpert/ANX/IX.htm
  5. ^ http://condor.depaul.edu/~rrotenbe/aeer/aeer13_1/Olujic.html
  6. ^ a b c d "Visegrad rape victims say their cries go unheard". Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. 20 October 2006. 
  7. ^ http://www.amnesty.org/en/for-media/press-releases/bosnia-and-herzegovina-no-justice-rape-victims-20090721
  8. ^ "Serbs sentenced for war crimes". BBC News. 2003-09-30. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  9. ^ "Prosecutor v. Milan Lukić and Sredoje Lukić" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 20 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Indictment against Oliver Krsmanovic Confirmed". Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. 22 November 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "War Criminals in Bosnia’s Republika Srpska: Who are the People in Your Neighbourhood?" (PDF). International Crisis Group. 2 November 2000. 
  12. ^ "Visegrad Report Inspires Australian Artist". Institute for War & Peace Reporting. 15 July 2010. 

References

See also

A stay at Vilina Vlas during a visit to Višegrad inspired the Australian performance artist Kym Vercoe's work "seven kilometres north-east: A performance about geography, tourism and atrocity".[12] In 2013 a film by Jasmila Žbanić and Kym Vercoe For Those Who Can Tell No Tales was released. It shows how the horrific crimes committed against women in Vilina Vlas are being swept under the carpet even today, as the perpetrators remain unpunished and the hotel operates as if nothing had happened.

Art and Culture

Risto Perišić, Chief of Police and Crisis Staff member, is alleged to have aided in the torture, rape, and execution of detainees at Vilina Vlas.[11] Dusko Andrić, the director of Vilina Vlas, was reported as having been one of the perpetrators of rape at the hotel.[11] Dusko Andrić is a pensioner still living in Višegrad. He has never been charged with any offences.

Oliver Krsmanović was charged with the rape and grave sexual abuse of female Bosniak detainees at Vilina Vlas as well as for the massacre of 70 Bosniaks in the village of Bikavac.[10]

Milan Lukić was found guilty of having executing detainees kept at the camp.[9] He was not charged with rape despite them being well documented.[6] The President of the Association of Women Victims of War, Bakira Hasečić, has severely criticised the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at The Hague for failing to include rape among the charges against Milan Lukić when he was brought to trial.[6] One woman survivor reported Lukić raping her several times while she was a prisoner at the hotel.[6]

Trials

The camp was eventually closed once its existence became known outside Bosnia and the surviving detainees removed to an unknown fate.

During the Sjeverin massacre, 16 Bosniaks were abducted by Milan Lukić while travelling on a bus from Serbia to Bosnia and were taken to Vilina Vlas, where they were tortured and murdered.[8]

[7] The bodies of the victims have not been found and are alleged to have been buried in concealed locations and then reburied.[6]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.