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Winfield T. Durbin

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Winfield T. Durbin

Winfield T. Durbin
25th Governor of Indiana
In office
January 14, 1901 – January 9, 1905
Lieutenant Newton W. Gilbert
Preceded by James A. Mount
Succeeded by Frank Hanly
Personal details
Born May 4, 1847
Lawrenceburg, Indiana
Died December 18, 1928(1928-12-18) (aged 81)
Anderson, Indiana
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Bertha McCullough
Religion Methodist
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1862–1864
1898
Rank Colonel
Unit 139th Regiment Indiana Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish-American War

Winfield Taylor Durbin (May 4, 1847 – December 18, 1928) was the American Civil War to serve as governor.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Governor 2
    • White caps 2.1
    • Progressive agenda 2.2
  • Final years 3
  • Electoral history 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Durbin was born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, on May 4, 1847, the son of William S. and Eliza Ann Sparks, the youngest of seven sons. While still a young boy, his family moved to New Philadelphia, Indiana where he attended public school and worked in his father's tannery producing leather. At the outbreak of the American Civil War, he and his brothers enlisted in the Union army. His brothers were accepted, but he was turned away because of a recent arm injury. After it healed he attempted to enlist again, and helped raise a company of the 139th Regiment Indiana Infantry, serving from April 1864 until the conclusion of the war. He mustered in at Camp Morton and his regiment was first dispatched to the Siege of Vicksburg, and was then in the expedition to Arkansas Post.[1]

He left the army after the war and studied briefly in a community college in St. Louis, Missouri before moving to Indianapolis, Indiana where he worked in a dry-goods store as a bookkeeper. In 1879 he left Indianapolis and moved to Anderson where he met Bertha McCullough. The two were married on October 6, 1875 and had two children. During the Indiana Gas Boom, Durbin worked with his father-in-law to found a number of manufacturing businesses and became moderately wealthy.[2]

Durbin became active in local politics and was elected as a member of the State Republican Central Committee and was appointed to the executive committee in charge of western headquarters. He played a prominent role nationally in the Grand Army of the Republic, and was involved in lobbying. At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War he enlisted in the army and promoted by Governor James Mount to colonel, and was given command of the 161st Regiment Indiana Infantry in July 1898. His regiment was deployed in the occupation of Havana, Cuba for three months after which he returned home.[2]

Durbin was nominated to run for governor in 1900, and easily won the convention vote. Opinion was strongly against Democrats, and the leading members of the party refused to run for governor that year. The party fielded John Kern to opposed Durbin, but Durbin became the first governor to win by majority in twenty-five years. Durbin's primary goal as governor was to bring efficiency to the state, and reform the government to function more economically, and to enact progressive legislation.[3]

Governor

White caps

His predecessors policy toward

Political offices
Preceded by
James A. Mount
Governor of Indiana
January 14, 1901 – January 9, 1905
Succeeded by
J. Frank Hanly
  • Indiana Historical Bureau: Biography and portrait
  • National Governors Association

External links

  • Gugin, Linda C. & St. Clair, James E, ed. (2006). The Governors of Indiana. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana Historical Society Press.  

Bibliography

  1. ^ Gugin, p. 216
  2. ^ a b Gugin, p. 217
  3. ^ a b Gugin, p. 218
  4. ^ a b Gugin, p. 219
  5. ^ "PRESIDENT DENOUNCES MOB LAWLESSNESS; Letter of Praise Sent to Gov. Durbin of Indiana. Says Lynching Is Merely One Form of Anarchy Which is the Forerunner of Tyranny – Laws Should Work Swiftly and Surely.".  
  6. ^ a b Gugin, p. 220
  7. ^ a b Gugin, p. 221

Notes

References

See also

Indiana gubernatorial election, 1900[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Winfield T. Durbin 331,531 50.5%
Democratic John W. Kern 306,272 46.7%
Prohibition Charles N. Eckhart 13,453 2.1%
Populist A.G. Burkhart 1,504 0.2%

Electoral history

Durbin returned again to Anderson where he remained the rest of his life. He died on December 18, 1928, of bronchial pneumonia following an attack of influenza. He was buried in Crown Hill Cemetery.[7]

When Durbin left office he returned to Anderson to resume overseeing his business interest. He returned to the public again in 1911 when Democrats attempted to call a constitutional convention. Along with former Governor Frank Hanly, he traveled the state railing against the Democrats and their proposed constitution as socialist. He remained active in the party, and was nominated as the Republican candidate to for governor again in 1912. The Republican party had fractured over the constitutional issue, despite preventing the calling of a convention. Many members left to join the Progressive Party in the following year. Durbin came in third in the election and was defeated by Democrat Samuel M. Ralston, with the Progressive candidate Albert Beveridge coming in second.[7]

Final years

Automobile usage in Indiana went from almost non-existent to such a level that Durbin began to advocate the construction of superior state highways. He saw the advantages of Indiana's position in the nation, which required a large part of traffic from the west to pass through Indiana in order to reach the northeastern United States.[6]

Indiana's industry had grown at a rapid pace over the past decade, and numerous labor unions had begun to form in the state. He advocated additional anti-trust protections for the public, enactment of fines for vote buyers, and the creation of juvenile courts. He conducted statewide audits, and discovered an embezzlement scheme at Indiana University by Monroe County officials. He threatened to move the college to another city if the board could not get the situation under control.[6]

Progressive agenda

In 1903, a police officer was killed in Evansville, and the sheriff sent word to the governor, requesting assistance in protecting the suspect in custody. Durbin dispatched a company of militia to protect the jailhouse. A mob of the white caps soon surrounded the jailhouse and the militia and began taunting them for several hours. Someone in the crowd fired a shot at the soldiers, who responded by opening fire on the crowd, wounding eleven and killing one. The mob quickly fled. No more lynchings would occur in Indiana for more another thirty years until the deaths of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith.[4][5]

[4]

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