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Alice Bailly

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Title: Alice Bailly  
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Subject: Fauvism, Charles Camoin, 1872 in art, Lausanne, Henri Matisse
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Alice Bailly

Self-Portrait (1917), Oil on canvas, 32 × 23½ in. In the collection of the National Museum of Women in the Arts

Alice Bailly (25 February 1872 – 1 January 1938) was a radical [1]

Education and Early Career

Bailly was born in Geneva, Switzerland, where she attended the École des Beaux-Arts and took women's-only courses. During her time there she studied under Hugues Bovy and Denise Sarkiss. She later studied in Munich, Germany. By 1904 she had moved to Paris,[2] where she befriended a number of notable modernist painters such as Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Sonia Lewitska and Marie Laurencin.

Inspiration and Fauvism

While in Paris exhibiting her wood engravings, she became interested in [1]

Cubism and Wool Paintings

In 1912, Bailly's work was chosen to represent Swiss artists in an exhibit that traveled through [1] At the start of World War I, Bailly returned to her native country of Switzerland and invented her signature "wool paintings," which were her own variations of Cubism. The style consisted of short strands of colored yarn that acted as brush strokes. She made about 50 of these wool paintings between 1913 and 1922.

Dada Movement

During World War I, the Dada phenomenon came about, of which Bailly was briefly involved with. The movement, beginning in Switzerland, consisted of a variety of art forms and aimed to provoke violent reactions out of its viewers, not to please the public eye. Many believe modern performance art was developed because of this movement.[3]

Participation in the Salon de Independents

The Salon de Independents was established in 1884 for artists who did not meet traditional standards of artistic style at the time. The society was open to everyone and allowed female artists a venue to exhibit their works. Alice Bailly was regularly exhibited in the society, along with many other female artists specializing in cubism.[4]

Famous Works

Bailly's most famous work is said to be her painting titled "Self Portrait," painted in 1917. The painting represents a more avant-garde approach to self-portraits than was normally accepted at her time. The painting incorporates many styles. Her three-quarter-turned pose indicates a traditional self-portrait, while the red, orange and blue hues show Fauve influences. When looking at her arms and hands, the arching lines represent the influence of Italian Futurist art.[5]

Some of her other notable works include "At the Ball" (1927), "The Battle of Tolochenaz" (1916), "Geneva Harbor" (1915), "Landscape at Orsay" (1912), and "Vacation" (1922).[6]

Later life

In 1923 she moved to Lausanne and remained there until her death. In 1936, the Theatre of Lausanne commissioned her to paint eight large murals for the foyer. This daunting task led to the exhaustion which many speculate contributed to her death in 1938 of tuberculosis. In her will, she established a trust fund to aid young Swiss artists with the money made through the sale of her art.


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Further reading

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