World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

`Amran

Article Id: WHEBN0023929009
Reproduction Date:

Title: `Amran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Yemen, Administrative divisions of Yemen, Outline of Yemen
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

`Amran

ʿAmrān, Yemen
عمران
'Amran, Yemen
City
ʿAmrān, Yemen is located in Yemen
ʿAmrān, Yemen
ʿAmrān, Yemen
Location in Yemen
Coordinates:
Country  Yemen
Governorate 'Amran Governorate
District Amran District
Population (2012)
 • Total 90,792
Time zone Yemen Standard Time (UTC+3)

ʿAmrān (Arabic: عمران‎) is a small city in western central Yemen. It is the capital of the 'Amran Governorate, and was formerly in the Sana'a Governorate. It is located 52.9 kilometres (32.9 mi) by road northwest of the Yemeni capital of Sana'a.[1] According to the 2004 census it had a population of 76,863, and an estimated population of 90,792 in 2012.[2]

History and architecture

The founding of the town dates back to the era of the South Arabian Himyarite Kingdom. At the time of the Sabaean kingdom, the town blossomed into a fortress. A series of bronze plaques from that time were found in the town in the mid nineteenth century and are now in the British Museum. In particular, in the 7th Century it was the great city of valor during the clashes against the Sabeans, a plurality of regionally based tribes. Remains of carved stones that belonged to former temples and palaces bear witness today of past glory. A large stone inscription is found in the western city gate (Bab al-Kabir). The old souq is noted for its stone columns.[3] ʿAmram is completely surrounded by walls which date to 1720. The surrounding landscape is dominated by terraced landscapes with stone walls to counteract erosion of fertile arable land.

Economic development

The road through the city from Sana'a was modernized following Chinese investment and is over 200 km (120 mi) long, and the old medical centre has been transformed into a small public hospital.[4] The city is located in a fertile area in what was the centre of the area's coffee industry.[5]

References

  1. ^ Google Maps. Maps (Map).
  2. ^ "Amran". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Hämäläinen, Pertti (1 August 1999). Yemen. Lonely Planet.  
  4. ^ McLaughlin, Daniel (12 February 2008). Yemen: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 107.  
  5. ^ McCulloch, John Ramsay; Haskel, Daniel (1845). M'Culloch's Universal gazetteer: Dictionary, geographical, statistical, and historical, of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects in the world (Public domain ed.). Harper & brothers. pp. 93–. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.