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Şehsuvar Sultan

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Şehsuvar Sultan

Şehsuvar Sultan
Istanbul.
Born English: Mary, Turkish: Mari
1682[1]
Died April 16,[2] April 27, 1756[1]
Constantinople
Resting place Nuruosmaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Residence Topkapı Palace
Other names Şehsuvar Valide Sultan, Şehsuvar Kadın, Valide Sultan Mari
Ethnicity Serb[3][4]
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Eastern Orthodox Christian
Spouse(s) Mustafa II
Children Osman III

Şehsuvar Sultan (1682–April 1756) was a Serbian noblewoman who was the concubine of the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703) and Valide Sultan ("Mother Sultan") to their son Osman III (r. 1754–1757). Her resting place is located inside the Nuruosmaniye Mosque in Istanbul.

Life

A Serbian noblewoman,[3][4] her given name was Mary (Turkish: Mari[3][4] or Marya), and she was born in 1682.[1] She became the second concubine of Sultan Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703), after first concubine Saliha Sultan (born Elisaveta, a Greek), who was the mother of Mahmud I (r. 1730-1754).[5] The women of the Ottoman sultan lived in the Imperial Harem, one of the most important elements of the Ottoman court. The Haseki sultan ("Mother of a Prince") was the second most powerful woman of the harem after the Valide Sultan. According to Ottoman tradition, she was given an Arabic name.[6] Şehsuvar and Mustafa II had one son, Osman III, born on January 2, 1699.[7]

The Edirne event saw Mustafa II dethroned, with his brother Ahmed III succeeding as the new Sultan (r. 1703–1730). Mahmud I, Mustafa II's first son and the older half-brother of Osman III, succeeded as Sultan following Patrona Halil's orchestrated riot.[8] Mahmud I was then succeeded by his half-brother Osman III, thus Şehsuvar became the new Valide sultan.[9]

She was buried in the Nuruosmaniye Mosque, located in the Çemberlitaş neighbourhood of Fatih district in Istanbul, on 27 April 1756. The mosque had been finished during the rule of Osman III, who buried his mother (Şehsuvar) in a separate türbe (tomb).[10]

See also

References

Preceded by
Saliha Sultan
Valide Sultan
1754 - April, 1756
Succeeded by
Mihrişah Sultan

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