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12th New Zealand Parliament

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Title: 12th New Zealand Parliament  
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12th New Zealand Parliament

Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament

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The 12th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1893 general election in November and December of that year.


  • 1893 general election 1
  • Sessions 2
  • Ministries 3
  • Initial composition of the 12th Parliament 4
  • By-elections during 12th Parliament 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

1893 general election

In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and 14 new electorates were established. Of those, eight electorates were established for the first time: Bay of Plenty, Otaki, Pareora, Patea, Riccarton, Waiapu, Waimea-Sounds, and Wellington Suburbs. The remaining six electorates had existed before, and they were re-established for the 12th Parliament: Caversham, Chalmers, Lyttelton, Rangitata, Waihemo, and Waipa.[1]

The 1893 general election was held on Tuesday, 28 November in the general electorates and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[2] A total of 74 MPs were elected; 30 represented North Island electorates, 40 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[3] 302,997 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 75.3%.[2]


The 12th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 14 November 1896.[4]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 21 June 1894 24 October 1894
second 20 June 1895 1 November 1895
third 11 June 1896 17 October 1896


The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[5] John Ballance, who had been leading the Ballance Ministry, had died on 27 April 1893[6] and had been succeeded by the Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon.[7] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[8]

Initial composition of the 12th Parliament

74 seats were created across 66 electorates. 62 electorates returned a single member and four electoral districts had three representatives each.[9]

The Liberal party was the only established party structure at the time.

Party Name Electorate Term
Liberal McLachlan, JohnJohn McLachlan Ashburton First
Liberal Meredith, RichardRichard Meredith Ashley Second
Independent Button, CharlesCharles Button AucklandCity of Auckland Second
Liberal Crowther, WilliamWilliam Crowther AucklandCity of Auckland First
Independent Grey, GeorgeGeorge Grey AucklandCity of Auckland Eighth
Independent Tanner, WilliamWilliam Tanner Avon Second
Liberal Ward, JosephJoseph Ward Awarua Third
Liberal Houston, RobertRobert Houston Bay of Islands Second
Independent Kelly, WilliamWilliam Kelly Bay of Plenty Fourth
Independent Allen, JamesJames Allen Bruce Third
Liberal McKenzie, RoderickRoderick McKenzie Buller First
Liberal Morrison, ArthurArthur Morrison Caversham First
Liberal Millar, JohnJohn Millar Chalmers First
Liberal Collins, WilliamWilliam Collins ChristchurchCity of Christchurch First
Liberal Reeves, WilliamWilliam Reeves ChristchurchCity of Christchurch Third
Independent Smith, GeorgeGeorge Smith ChristchurchCity of Christchurch First
Liberal Mackenzie, ThomasThomas Mackenzie Clutha Third
Liberal Earnshaw, WilliamWilliam Earnshaw DunedinCity of Dunedin Second
Liberal Hutchison, WilliamWilliam Hutchison DunedinCity of Dunedin Fourth
Liberal Pinkerton, DavidDavid Pinkerton DunedinCity of Dunedin Second
Independent Mitchelson, EdwinEdwin Mitchelson Eden Fifth
Independent McGuire, FelixFelix McGuire Egmont Second
Liberal Montgomery, WilliamWilliam Montgomery Ellesmere First
Liberal Harris, BenjaminBenjamin Harris Franklin Fourth
Liberal Guinness, ArthurArthur Guinness Grey Fourth
Independent Russell, WilliamWilliam Russell Hawke's Bay Sixth
Liberal O'Regan, PatrickPatrick O'Regan Inangahua First
Liberal Kelly, JamesJames Kelly Invercargill Second
Liberal Buddo, DavidDavid Buddo Kaiapoi First
Liberal Joyce, JohnJohn Joyce Lyttelton Third
Liberal O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Manukau Ninth
Liberal Thompson, RobertRobert Thompson Marsden Third
Liberal Hogg, AlexanderAlexander Hogg Masterton Second
Liberal McNab, RobertRobert McNab Mataura First
Liberal Carnell, SamuelSamuel Carnell Napier First
Independent Graham, JohnJohn Graham NelsonCity of Nelson First
Liberal Smith, EdwardEdward Smith New Plymouth Second
Liberal Duncan, ThomasThomas Duncan Oamaru Fifth
Independent Wilson, JamesJames Wilson Otaki Fifth
Liberal Pirani, FrederickFrederick Pirani Palmerston First
Liberal Flatman, FrederickFrederick Flatman Pareora First
Liberal Lawry, FrankFrank Lawry Parnell Third
Independent Hutchinson, GeorgeGeorge Hutchinson Patea Third
Liberal Maslin, WilliamWilliam Maslin Rangitata First
Liberal Stevens, JohnJohn Stevens Rangitikei Second
Liberal Russell, GeorgeGeorge Russell Riccarton First
Independent Saunders, AlfredAlfred Saunders Selwyn Sixth
Liberal Carncross, WalterWalter Carncross Taieri Second
Liberal McGowan, JamesJames McGowan Thames Second
Liberal Hall-Jones, WilliamWilliam Hall-Jones Timaru Third
Independent Pyke, VincentVincent Pyke Tuapeka Seventh
Liberal Carroll, JamesJames Carroll Waiapu Third
Liberal McKenzie, JohnJohn McKenzie Waihemo Fifth
Liberal Cadman, AlfredAlfred Cadman Waikato Sixth
Independent Green, JamesJames Green Waikouaiti Third
Liberal Mills, Charles HCharles H Mills Waimea Sounds Second
Independent Lang, FredericFrederic Lang Waipa First
Liberal Hall, CharlesCharles Hall Waipawa First
Independent Buchanan, WalterWalter Buchanan Wairarapa Fifth
Liberal Buick, LindsayLindsay Buick Wairau Second
Liberal Steward, WilliamWilliam Steward Waitaki Sixth
Independent Monk, RichardRichard Monk Waitemata Third
Independent Fraser, WilliamWilliam Fraser Wakatipu First
Liberal Mackintosh, JamesJames Mackintosh Wallace Second
Liberal Willis, ArchibaldArchibald Willis Wanganui Second
Independent Bell, FrancisFrancis Bell WellingtonCity of Wellington First
Independent Duthie, JohnJohn Duthie WellingtonCity of Wellington Second
Liberal Stout, RobertRobert Stout WellingtonCity of Wellington Fifth
Independent Newman, AlfredAlfred Newman Suburbs of Wellington Fifth
Liberal Seddon, RichardRichard Seddon Westland Sixth
Liberal Pere, WiWi Pere X-01Eastern Maori Second
Liberal Ngapua, HoneHone Ngapua X-02Northern Maori First
Liberal Parata, TameTame Parata X-03Southern Maori Fourth
Independent Te Ao, RopataRopata Te Ao X-04Western Maori First

By-elections during 12th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 12th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Waitemata 1894 9 April Richard Monk Election declared invalid William Massey
Tuapeka 1894 9 July Vincent Pyke Death William Larnach
City of Auckland 1895 24 July George Grey Resignation Thomas Thompson
City of Christchurch 1896 13 February William Reeves Appointed Agent-General   Charles Lewis


  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 59f.
  2. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  6. ^ McIvor, Timothy L. "Ballance, John 1839–1893".  
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  8. ^ Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography".  
  9. ^ - The General Election 1893"Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 


  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books.  
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer.  

External links

  • Roll of Members of the House of Representatives in 1894
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