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18th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

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18th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

German 18th Panzer Division
Unit insignia
Active 1940–43
Country  Nazi Germany
Allegiance Wehrmacht
Branch Heer
Type Panzer
Role Armoured warfare
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Chemnitz
Engagements World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Walther Nehring

The 18th Panzer Division (}

}}: 18. Panzer-Division) was a German World War II armoured division that fought on the Eastern Front from 1941 until its disbandment in 1943.

Contents

  • Formation 1
    • Organization 1.1
  • Invasion of Russia 2
  • Further combat in the Soviet Union (1942–43) 3
  • Commanding officers 4
  • References 5

Formation

The 18th Panzer Division was formed on 26 October 1940 at 3rd Panzer Division.

Organization

18th Panzer Division:

  • Panzer-Regiment 18;
    An 18th PzDiv Panzer III in 1941
  • Pz.Gr.Rgt 52;
  • Pz.Gr.Rgt 101;
  • Artillerie-Regiment 88;
  • Pz. Aufklärungs-Abteilung 18 - Reconnaissance battalion;
  • Panzerjäger-Abteilung 88 - Tank destroyer battalion;
  • Pz. Pionier-Bataillon 98 - Combat engineer battalion;
  • Pz. Nachrichten-Abteilung 88 - Communications battalion;
  • Auxiliary unit number: 88

Invasion of Russia

The 18th Panzer Division first saw action during the German invasion of Russia, Operation Barbarossa, on 22 June 1941. When the 18th Panzer Division crossed the Bug River underwater on 22 June, with submersible tanks, it marked the firstrequire('Module:No globals')

local p = {}

-- articles in which traditional Chinese preceeds simplified Chinese local t1st = { ["228 Incident"] = true, ["Chinese calendar"] = true, ["Lippo Centre, Hong Kong"] = true, ["Republic of China"] = true, ["Republic of China at the 1924 Summer Olympics"] = true, ["Taiwan"] = true, ["Taiwan (island)"] = true, ["Taiwan Province"] = true, ["Wei Boyang"] = true, }

-- the labels for each part local labels = { ["c"] = "Chinese", ["s"] = "simplified Chinese", ["t"] = "traditional Chinese", ["p"] = "pinyin", ["tp"] = "Tongyong Pinyin", ["w"] = "Wade–Giles", ["j"] = "Jyutping", ["cy"] = "Cantonese Yale", ["poj"] = "Pe̍h-ōe-jī", ["zhu"] = "Zhuyin Fuhao", ["l"] = "literally", }

-- article titles for wikilinks for each part local wlinks = { ["c"] = "Chinese language", ["s"] = "simplified Chinese characters", ["t"] = "traditional Chinese characters", ["p"] = "pinyin", ["tp"] = "Tongyong Pinyin", ["w"] = "Wade–Giles", ["j"] = "Jyutping", ["cy"] = "Yale romanization of Cantonese", ["poj"] = "Pe̍h-ōe-jī", ["zhu"] = "Bopomofo", }

-- for those parts which are to be treated as languages their ISO code local ISOlang = { ["c"] = "zh", ["t"] = "zh-Hant", ["s"] = "zh-Hans", ["p"] = "zh-Latn-pinyin", ["tp"] = "zh-Latn", ["w"] = "zh-Latn-wadegile", ["j"] = "yue-jyutping", ["cy"] = "yue", ["poj"] = "hak", ["zhu"] = "zh-Bopo", }

local italic = { ["p"] = true, ["tp"] = true, ["w"] = true, ["j"] = true, ["cy"] = true, ["poj"] = true, } -- Categories for different kinds of Chinese text local cats = { ["c"] = "", ["s"] = "", ["t"] = "", }

function p.Zh(frame) -- load arguments module to simplify handling of args local getArgs = require('Module:Arguments').getArgs local args = getArgs(frame) return p._Zh(args) end function p._Zh(args) local uselinks = not (args["links"] == "no") -- whether to add links local uselabels = not (args["labels"] == "no") -- whether to have labels local capfirst = args["scase"] ~= nil

        local t1 = false -- whether traditional Chinese characters go first
        local j1 = false -- whether Cantonese Romanisations go first
        local testChar
        if (args["first"]) then
                 for testChar in mw.ustring.gmatch(args["first"], "%a+") do
          if (testChar == "t") then
           t1 = true
           end
          if (testChar == "j") then
           j1 = true
           end
         end
        end
        if (t1 == false) then
         local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
         t1 = t1st[title.text] == true
        end

-- based on setting/preference specify order local orderlist = {"c", "s", "t", "p", "tp", "w", "j", "cy", "poj", "zhu", "l"} if (t1) then orderlist[2] = "t" orderlist[3] = "s" end if (j1) then orderlist[4] = "j" orderlist[5] = "cy" orderlist[6] = "p" orderlist[7] = "tp" orderlist[8] = "w" end -- rename rules. Rules to change parameters and labels based on other parameters if args["hp"] then -- hp an alias for p ([hanyu] pinyin) args["p"] = args["hp"] end if args["tp"] then -- if also Tongyu pinyin use full name for Hanyu pinyin labels["p"] = "Hanyu Pinyin" end if (args["s"] and args["s"] == args["t"]) then -- Treat simplified + traditional as Chinese if they're the same args["c"] = args["s"] args["s"] = nil args["t"] = nil elseif (not (args["s"] and args["t"])) then -- use short label if only one of simplified and traditional labels["s"] = labels["c"] labels["t"] = labels["c"] end local body = "" -- the output string local params -- for creating HTML spans local label -- the label, i.e. the bit preceeding the supplied text local val -- the supplied text -- go through all possible fields in loop, adding them to the output for i, part in ipairs(orderlist) do if (args[part]) then -- build label label = "" if (uselabels) then label = labels[part] if (capfirst) then label = mw.language.getContentLanguage():ucfirst( time in World War II such vehicles were used in combat. The 18th Panzer Division fought as part of XLVII Panzer Corps, and over the next six months was involved in seizing Smolensk, Bryansk and the assault on Tula. However, like the rest of the German Army the 18th Panzer Division was unprepared for the Russian winter and was driven back to Oryol in January 1942 with heavy losses.

Further combat in the Soviet Union (1942–43)

In the summer of 1942, the 18th Panzer Division took part in the initial drive on Stalingrad, but was transferred to the central section of the front. The 18th Panzer Division took part in defensive battles around Oryol in 1942-43, and in anti-partisan operations in the spring of 1943. In the summer of 1943 the 18th Panzer Division fought in the Battle of Kursk, and suffered heavy losses. After Kursk the 18th Panzer-Division was disbanded and the division's personnel were used to build the 18th Artillery Division.

Commanding officers

References

  • Rosado, J. and Bishop, C. German Wehrmacht Panzer Divisions, 1939-45. Amber Books Ltd., 2005
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