World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

1965 Soviet economic reform

A propaganda poster promoting the reform. The poster reads; "We 're forging the keys of happiness"

The 1965 Soviet economic reform, widely referred to simply as the Kosygin reform or Liberman reform, was a reform of economic management and planning, carried out between 1965 and 1971. It was characterized by the introduction of Premier of the Soviet Union, Alexei Kosygin.

Contents

  • Rationale 1
  • Implementation 2
  • Results 3
  • Changes in prices in the Soviet Union, 1960-1979 4
  • References 5

Rationale

The reform was initiated due to the increasing complexity of economic relations, which reduced the efficacy of economic planning, and the desire to make fuller use of

  1. ^ Protocol of the 22nd Congress of the CPSU, Moscow 1961
  2. ^ "The Bolshevik" (Moscow), "Lighthouse" (Gorky); mines in Western Coal Basin (Ukraine)
  3. ^ a b c Glenn E. Curtis, ed. (1996). "The Brezhnev Era". U.S. Government Printing Office, for the Library of Congress. , in Russia: A Country Study

References

Economic performance over the previous year (1960 = 100)
year gross output number of employed persons fixed productive assets
1965 148 123 186
1970 163 115 152
1975 137 108 151
1979 116 107 134
Average annual growth, %
years gross social product national income
1961—1965 6,5 6,5
1966—1970 7,4 7,7
1971—1975 6,4 5,7
1975—1979 4,4 4,4

In agriculture, the prices paid for goods rose by 1.5-2 times.

Changes in prices in the Soviet Union, 1960-1979

Opposition from party liberals and cautious managers soon stalled the Liberman reforms, forcing the Soviet government to abandon them.[3]

Results

  1. The enterprises became main economic units.
  2. The number of policy targets was reduced from 30 to 9. The rest remained indicators: total output at current wholesale prices, the most important products in physical units, the total payroll, total profits and profitability, expressed as the ratio of profit to fixed assets and working capital normalized; payments to the budget and appropriations from the budget; total capital investment targets for the introduction of new technology, the volume of supply of raw materials and equipment.
  3. Economic independence of enterprises. Enterprises were required to determine the detailed range and variety of products, using their own funds to invest in production, establish long-term contractual arrangements with suppliers and customers and to determine the number of personnel.
  4. Key importance was attached to the integral indicators of economic efficiency of production — profits and profitability. There was the opportunity to create a number of funds based on the expense of profits — funds for the development of production, material incentives, housing, etc. The enterprise was allowed to use the funds at its discretion.
  5. Pricing: Wholesale sales prices now had to be profitable.

The reform was implemented by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers. It consisted of five "groups of activities":

Prime Minister Aleksey Kosygin championed Liberman's proposals and succeeded in incorporating them into a general economic reform program approved in September 1965. This reform included scrapping Khrushchev's regional economic councils in favor of resurrecting the central industrial ministries of the Stalin era.[3]

Implementation

Reformers advocated greater freedom for individual enterprises from outside controls and sought to turn the enterprises' economic objectives toward making a profit.[3]

The basic ideas of reform were first published in a paper by professor Evsei Liberman of the Kharkiv Institute of Engineering and Economics. This paper marked the beginning of an extensive economical discussion in the Soviet press, and drew extensive criticism. Several economic experiments[2] were initiated to test Liberman's proposals.

[1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.