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2nd Tatsinskaya Guards Tank Corps

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Title: 2nd Tatsinskaya Guards Tank Corps  
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Subject: Battle of Stalingrad, Wilhelm Hoffman, Peter Gitelman, Sasha Filippov, Volgograd Tractor Plant
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2nd Tatsinskaya Guards Tank Corps

24th Tank Corps
2nd Guards Tank Corps
Active 1942 - 2001
Country  Soviet Union (1942 - 1991)
 Russia (1991 - 2001)
Branch Red Army (1942 - 1991)
Russian Ground Forces (1991 - 2001)
Type Armored
Role Breakthrough and Exploitation in Deep Operations
Size Corps (120 - 200 tanks)
Engagements

World War II

Decorations Order of Suvorov
Order of the Red Banner
Commanders
Notable
commanders
V.M.Badanov

The 2nd Tatsinskaya Guards Tank Corps was a Red Army armoured formation that saw service during World War II on the Eastern Front. After the war it continued to serve with Soviet occupation forces in Central Europe. It was originally the 24th Tank Corps. The unit had approximately the same size and combat power as a Wehrmacht Panzer Division, and less than a British Armoured Division had during World War II.

Members of the corps committed the notorious Nemmersdorf massacre, torturing and killing tens of German civilians in October 1944.[1]

Contents

  • Formation 1
    • 24th Tank Corps 1.1
    • 2nd Guards Tank Corps 1.2
  • Combat history 2
    • 1942 2.1
    • 1943 2.2
    • 1944 2.3
    • 1945 2.4
  • Assignment 3
    • 1942 3.1
    • 1943 3.2
    • 1944 3.3
    • Postwar 3.4
  • Commanders 4
  • Decorations 5
  • References 6
    • Books 6.1
    • Websites 6.2

Formation

The first of the Guards Tank Corps were formed when 26th Tank Corps was renamed 1st Guards Tank Corps in December 1942.[2]

24th Tank Corps

24th Tank Corps was formed in 1942 during the re-establishment of the tank corps as a formation in the Red Army. It was equipped with a mix of T-34 medium, T-60 light, KV-1 heavy, and U.S. Lend Lease M3 Stuart light tanks. It was assigned to 6th Army, and participated in the Stalingrad Defensive Operation on the Don River during July 1942, where it lost almost two-thirds of the tanks.[3] Its 24th Motorized Brigade conducted offensive operations along the Don together with 25th Guards Rifle Division.[4]

Following re-building, it was assigned to 3rd Guards Army which was under the command of General Dmitri Danilovich Lelyushenko to participate in the encirclement of German Army Group A in Operation Saturn, which was undertaken during the Battle of Stalingrad.

The 24th Tank Corps consisted of the following units:

Combat Units

  • 4th Guards Tank Brigade (Colonel G.I. Kolypov)
  • 54th Tank Brigade (Colonel V.M. Polyakov)
  • 130th Tank Brigade (Colonel S.K. Nesterov)
  • 24th Motorized Rifle Brigade (Colonel V.S. Savchenko)

Support Units

  • 13th Mining Engineer Company
  • 158th Mobile Repair Base
  • Corps Train

The Corps undertook the famous raid on Tatsinskaya during Operation Little Saturn. In honour of the successful raid, where a large number of Axis aircraft was destroyed on ground, it was renamed 2nd Guards Tank Corps, and given the honorific 'Tatsinskaya'.

2nd Guards Tank Corps

2nd Guards Tank Corps was initially based on the same units as 24th Tank Corps. The individual combat units were also renamed and renumbered as Guards units. With changing organization and equipment during the war, additional units were added. Depending on the specific tasks allotted to the Corps, units from the STAVKA Reserve could be added to help it achieve its mission.

At the Battle of Kursk, the following OOB applied:
Main Combat Units (totalling 187 tanks at Prokohorovka):

  • 25th Guards Tank Brigade
  • 26th Guards Tank Brigade
  • 4th Guards Tank Brigade
  • 4th Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade
  • 47th Guards Breakthrough Tank Regiment
  • 1500th SU-regiment (Self-propelled Artillery)
  • 1695th AA-regiment
  • 273rd Mortar regiment
  • 755th Antitank battalion

Support Units (unconfirmed)

  • Aviation Liaison Section (F.A.C.)
  • 51st Sapper Battalion
  • Corps Train

Combat history

1942

1943

1944

1945

Assignment

1942

1943

1944

Postwar

  • It was later converted into the 2nd Guards Tank Division and postwar it was stationed in the Leningrad Military District, before being transferred to the Transbaikal Military District in the 1960s and finally being disbanded c. 2001-3.

Commanders

Decorations

References

  1. ^ Ian Kershaw, The End, 2012, Penguin Books, pp. 111-117
  2. ^ http://stalingrad.ic.ru/s26tcorp.html
  3. ^ http://rkkaww2.armchairgeneral.com/battles/don/tankdatadon42.htm#24TK
  4. ^ http://rkkaww2.armchairgeneral.com/battles/don/Don_VIZh08_82.htm

Books

  • Bonn, K.E. 'Slaughterhouse - The Handbook of the Eastern Front', Aberjona Press
  • Erickson, J. 'The Road to Stalingrad'
  • Glantz, D. 'From the Don to the Dnepr'
  • Porfiryev, ‘Raid to Tatsinskaya’, VIZH 11/1987

Websites

  • Battlefield.ru
  • Eastern Front.co.uk
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