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302nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

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302nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

302nd Infantry Division
Active November 1940 – August 1944
Country Nazi Germany
Branch Heer
Type Infantry
Size Division
Garrison/HQ Neustrelitz, Germany
Nickname "Dieppe Division"
Engagements

World War II

Commanders
15 Nov 1940 – 26 Nov 1942 Lieutenant General Konrad Haase
26 Nov 1942 – 12 Nov 1943 Lieutenant General Otto Elfeldt
12 Nov 1943 – 25 Jan 1944 Lieutenant General Karl Rüdiger
25 Jan – Jul 1944 Lieutenant General Erich von Bogen
Jul - 25 Aug 1944 Colonel Wilhelm Fischer

The 302nd Infantry Division (German: 302. Infanteriedivision) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.

History

The 302nd Infantry Division was raised in November 1940 from men in Military District 3 and was used mostly as a French-occupying force, with some elements remaining in Germany. Its first combat situation was Luis Mountbatten's Dieppe Raid of 1942. The 302nd's actions during the raid led to it being nicknamed the "Dieppe division".[1]

Actions in the Eastern front

In January 1943, the division was sent to the Eastern Front to aid in the Kharkov offensive, where it fought in Luhansk (then known as Voroshilovgrad). Between April and September the division switched to defensive tactics along the Mius-Front. It defended the Ukrainian city of Zaporizhia between October and December before withdrawing to the Nikopol bridgehead, where Lieutenant General Rüdiger was wounded-in-action. The division retreating west to the Dnieper in April. Rüdiger's replacement, Lieutenant General Bogen was captured by Soviet troops in July. Colonel Fischer, the 302nd Artillery Regiment's commander, took his place. The division met its end on August 25 when the Soviets succeeded in encircling it during its withdrawal from the Dnieper. During the encirclement Fischer was wounded and soon after captured.

Aftermath

Decimated during the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, the division was disbanded and those few survivors were transferred to the 15th and 75th Infantry Divisions.[1]

Elements

Sources

Index

References

  1. ^ a b Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle: 291st-999th Infantry divisions in World War II. Stoddart. 

See also

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