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3rd Millennium

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Title: 3rd Millennium  
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3rd Millennium


In contemporary history, the third millennium is a period of time that according to official sources, such as the United States Naval Observatory, began on January 1, 2001, and will end on December 31, 3000, of the Gregorian calendar.[1][2] Stephen Jay Gould argued that it is not possible to decide if the millennium began January 1, 2000, or January 1, 2001.[3] The Associated Press reported that the third millennium began January 1, 2001, but also reported that celebrations in the US were generally more subdued at the beginning of 2001, compared to the beginning of 2000.[4] This is the third period of one thousand years in the Anno Domini or Common Era.

As this millennium is currently in progress, its first two decades, the past 2000s and the current 2010s, are the subject of the historian's attention. The remaining part of the 21st century and longer-term trends are researched in futures studies.


  • Civilizations 1
  • Events 2
  • Significant people 3
  • Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4
  • Centuries and decades 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7


The civilizations in this section are organized according to the UN geoscheme.
Civilizations of the 3rd millennium AD
Africa America Asia Europe Oceania


The events in this section are organized according to the UN geoscheme.
Events of the 3rd millennium AD
  Africa America Asia Europe Oceania
21st century 2010 Tunisian revolution[5] 2001 September 11 attacks[6]
2013 Boston Marathon bombings[7]
2006 North Korea conducted its first nuclear test on October 9[8]
2011 Death of Osama bin Laden, responsible for the September 11 attacks
2014 Pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine[9][10] 2009 Black Saturday bushfires

Significant people

The people in this section are organized according to the UN geoscheme.
Significant people of the 3rd millennium AD
  Africa America Asia Europe Oceania
21st century Nelson Mandela
Muammar Gaddafi
George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Bill Gates
Narendra Modi
Hu Jintao
Xi Jinping
Elizabeth II
Vladimir Putin
Tony Blair

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Inventions, discoveries and introductions
Communication and Technology Math and Science Manufacturing Transportation and
Space exploration
  1. iPad
  1. Poincaré conjecture[11]
  2. Higgs boson[12]

Centuries and decades

21st century 2000s[note 2] 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s 2060s 2070s 2080s 2090s
22nd century
23rd century
24th century
25th century
26th century
27th century
28th century
29th century
30th century


  1. ^ Partially recognised state
  2. ^ 2000 is generally considered the last year of the 2nd millennium, but there is some dispute.


  1. ^ United States Naval Observatory, "The 21st Century and the 3rd Millennium:When Did They Begin?" (Washington, DC, June 14, 2011).
  2. ^ "When and where did the new Millennium officially start, and why?". Royal Observatory Greenwich
  3. ^ Stephen Jay Gould, Questioning the Millennium: A Rationalist's Guide to a Precisely Arbitrary Countdown (New York: Harmony Books, 1999), ch 2.
  4. ^ Associated Press, "Y2K It Wasn't, but It Was a Party", Los Angeles Times, January 1, 2001.
  5. ^ "How Tunisia's revolution began". 2011. Aljazeera. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  6. ^ "How much did the September 11 terrorist attack cost America?". 2004. Institute for the Analysis of Global Security. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  7. ^ "Boston Marathon Terror Attack Fast Facts". 2014 (CNN Library). Retrieved 2014-11-01. 
  8. ^ O'Neil, John; Onishi, Norimitsu (October 15, 2006). "US confirms nuclear claim". New York Times. Archived from the original on October 30, 2006. Retrieved October 16, 2006. 
  9. ^ Grytsenko, Oksana (12 April 2014). "Armed pro-Russian insurgents in Luhansk say they are ready for police raid". Kyiv Post. 
  10. ^ Leonard, Peter (14 April 2014). "Ukraine to deploy troops to quash pro-Russian insurgency in the east". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  11. ^  
  12. ^ "Higgs boson-like particle discovery claimed at LHC". BBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
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