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7th New Zealand Parliament

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Title: 7th New Zealand Parliament  
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7th New Zealand Parliament

Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament

1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
51st

The 7th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

Elections for this term were held in 69 European electorates between 28 August and 15 September 1879. Elections in the four Māori electorates were held on 1 and 8 September of that year. A total of 88 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in November 1881. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

Contents

  • Sessions 1
  • Historical context 2
  • Ministries 3
  • Initial composition of the 7th Parliament 4
  • Changes during term 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Sessions

The 7th Parliament opened on 24 September 1879, following the 1879 general election. It sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 8 November 1881.[1]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 September 1879 19 December 1879
second 28 May 1880 1 September 1880
third 9 June 1881 24 September 1881

Historical context

Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.[2]

Ministries

The Grey Ministry had been in power since 13 October 1877 during the term of the 6th Parliament. It lasted until 8 October 1879, when the Hall Ministry under Premier John Hall formed a new caucus. This ministry lasted until 21 April 1882, well into the term of the 8th Parliament.[3][4]

Initial composition of the 7th Parliament

88 seats were created across the electorates.[5]


Member Electorate MP's term Election date
Montgomery, WilliamWilliam Montgomery Akaroa Third 1 September[6]
Moorhouse, William SeftonWilliam Sefton Moorhouse Ashley Sixth 11 September[6]
Speight, WilliamWilliam Speight Auckland East First 10 September[7]
Hurst, William JohnWilliam John Hurst Auckland West First 6 September[8]
Wallis, JamesJames Wallis Auckland West Second 6 September[9]
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston Avon Fourth 28 August[10]
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray Bruce Third 9 September[11]
Fisher, James BickertonJames Bickerton Fisher Buller First 9 September[12]
Barron, WilliamWilliam Barron Caversham First 9 September[13]
Saunders, AlfredAlfred Saunders Cheviot Third 6 September[14]
Andrews, Samuel PaullSamuel Paull Andrews Christchurch First 10 September[15]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Greya Christchurch Third 10 September[16]
Stevens, Edward Cephas JohnEdward Cephas John Stevens Christchurch Third 10 September[7]
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond Clive Fifth 10 September[17]
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson Clutha Third 11 September[18]
Wright, Edward GeorgeEdward George Wright Coleridge First 15 September[19]
Gibbs, WilliamWilliam Gibbs Collingwood Third 11 September[20]
Dick, ThomasThomas Dick Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Third 2 September[21]
Oliver, RichardRichard Oliver Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Second 2 September[17]
Stewart, William DownieWilliam Downie Stewart Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Second 2 September[22]
Pyke, VincentVincent Pyke Dunstan Third 3 September[23]
MacDonald, AllanAllan MacDonald East Coast First 5 September[24]
Tole, JosephJoseph Tole Eden Second 5 September[25]
Atkinson, HarryHarry Atkinson Egmont Fifth 5 September[15]
Harris, BenjaminBenjamin Harris Franklin First 11 September[26]
Hamlin, EbenezerEbenezer Hamlin Franklin Second 11 September[27]
Wakefield, EdwardEdward Wakefield Geraldine Second 9 September[9]
Studholme, JohnJohn Studholme Gladstone Fourth 15 September[22]
Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble Grey and Bell First 8 September[25]
Reeves, RichardRichard Reeves Grey Valley Second 5 September[28]
Masters, EdwardEdward Masters Grey Valley First 5 September[29]
Fisher, JamesJames Fisher Heathcote Second 8 September[12]
Seddon, RichardRichard Seddon Hokitika First 5 September[30]
Reid, RobertRobert Reid Hokitika First 5 September[28]
Mason, ThomasThomas Mason Hutt First 9 September[31]
Bain, James WalkerJames Walker Bain Invercargill First 1 September[13]
Bowen, Charles ChristopherCharles Christopher Bowen Kaiapoi Third 5 September[32]
Allwright, HarryHarry Allwright Lyttelton First 4 September[33]
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston Manawatu Third 6 September[34]
Colbeck, William HenryWilliam Henry Colbeck Marsden First 11 September[35]
Shanks, JamesJames Shanks Mataura Second 29 August[30]
Lundon, JohnJohn Lundon Mongonui and Bay of Islands First 10 September[36]
Hursthouse, RichmondRichmond Hursthouse Motueka Second 2 September[37]
de Lautour, CecilCecil de Lautour Mount Ida Second 30 August[21]
Sutton, FredFred Sutton Napier Second 8 September[22]
Russell, WilliamWilliam Russell Napier Second 8 September[14]
Pitt, AlbertAlbert Pitt Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson First 6 September[38]
Adams, ActonActon Adams Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson Second 6 September[33]
Richmond, AndrewAndrew Richmond Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Fifth 8 September[10]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly New Plymouth Fourth 6 September[39]
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson Newton Third 2 September[22]
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Onehunga Fifth 9 September[17]
Moss, FrederickFrederick Moss Parnell Second 4 September[11]
Kenny, CourtneyCourtney Kenny Picton Fourth 30 August[39]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew Port Chalmers Seventh 5 September[40]
Willis, William JarvisWilliam Jarvis Willis Rangitikei First 3 September[41]
McCaughen, PatrickPatrick McCaughen Riverton First 6 September[40]
George, Seymour ThorneSeymour Thorne George Rodney Second 8 September[20]
Driver, HenryHenry Driver Roslyn Fourth 5 September[42]
Hall, JohnJohn Hall Selwyn Fourth 29 August[27]
Fulton, JamesJames Fulton Taieri First 9 September[20]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Greya Thames Third 2 September[16]
Sheehan, JohnJohn Sheehan Thames Third 2 September[30]
Turnbull, RichardRichard Turnbull Timaru Second 6 September[25]
Gisborne, WilliamWilliam Gisborne Totara Third 29 August[20]
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown Tuapeka Fourth 6 September[43]
Ireland, GeorgeGeorge Ireland Waikaia First 8 September[37]
Whyte, John BlairJohn Blair Whyte Waikato First 8 September[44]
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean Waikouaiti Third 6 September[45]
Shephard, JosephJoseph Shephard Waimea Second 5 September[46][47]
Whitaker, Frederick AlexanderFrederick Alexander Whitaker Waipa First 10 September[44]
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny Wairarapa Fifth 4 September[48]
Beetham, GeorgeGeorge Beetham Wairarapa Second 4 September[49]
Seymour, ArthurArthur Seymour Wairau Third 8 September[30]
Shrimski, SamuelSamuel Shrimski Waitaki Second 5 September[50]
Hislop, Thomas WilliamThomas William Hislop Waitaki Second 5 September[51]
Wood, ReaderReader Wood Waitemata Fifth 9 September[19]
Finn, HughHugh Finn Wakatipu First 12 September[12]
Hirst, HenryHenry Hirst Wallace First 4 September[51]
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce Wanganui Fourth 5 September[43]
Ballance, JohnJohn Ballance Wanganui Third 5 September[13]
Hutchison, WilliamWilliam Hutchison Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington First 5 September[37]
Levin, WilliamWilliam Levin Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington First 5 September[36]
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon Wellington Country Sixth 11 September[43]
Tomoana, HenareHenare Tomoana X-01Eastern Maori Second 8 September[25]
Tawhai, HoneHone Tawhai X-02Northern Maori First 8 September[52]
Tainui, IhaiaIhaia Tainui X-03Southern Maori Second 8 September[52]
Wheoro, Wiremu TeWiremu Te Wheoro X-04Western Maori First 8 September[44]

a Christchurch, as he had already been elected in the Thames electorate[53]


Changes during term

There were a number of changes during the term of the 7th Parliament.

By-election Electorate Date Incumbent Reason Winner
1880 Rangitikei 8 May William Jarvis Willis Resignation William Fox
1880 Waitaki 16 June Thomas William Hislop Resignation George Jones
1880 Waikaia 21 September George Ireland Death Horace Bastings
1881 Suburbs of Nelson 11 January Andrew Richmond Death Arthur Collins
1881 Southern Maori 1 March Ihaia Tainui Resignation Hori Kerei Taiaroa
1881 City of Nelson 7 June Acton Adams Resignation Henry Levestam
1881 Grey Valley 16 June Edward Masters Resignation Thomas S. Weston

Notes

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  2. ^ King 2003, p. ?.
  3. ^ King 2003, p. 534.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 37.
  5. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  7. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  9. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  10. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  11. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  12. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  13. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  14. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 137.
  15. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  16. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 110.
  17. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  18. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  19. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  20. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  21. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 103.
  22. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  23. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 133.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  25. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  26. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  27. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  29. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  30. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  31. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  33. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  34. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  36. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  37. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  39. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  40. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  41. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  42. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  43. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  44. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  45. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  46. ^ "Waimea Nomination". Nelson Evening Mail XIV (201). 5 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  47. ^ "Electoral District of Waimea.". Colonist XXII (2598). 9 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  48. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  49. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  50. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  51. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
  52. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  53. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 201.

References

  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  • King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books.  
  •  
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer.  
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