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9000 Bc

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Subject: History of Nigeria, 10th millennium BC, Maglemosian culture, Plano cultures, Plano point, Timeline of Michigan history
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9000 Bc

Millennia:
Centuries:
  • 90th century BC
  • 89th century BC
  • 88th century BC
  • 87th century BC
  • 86th century BC
  • 85th century BC
  • 84th century BC
  • 83rd century BC
  • 82nd century BC
  • 81st century BC
The Stone Age

before Homo (Pliocene)

Paleolithic

Lower Paleolithic
Early Stone Age
Homo
Control of fire
Stone tools
Middle Paleolithic
Middle Stone Age
Homo neanderthalensis
Homo sapiens
Recent African origin of modern humans
Upper Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
Behavioral modernity, Atlatl,
Origin of the domestic dog

Mesolithic

Microliths, Bow, Canoe
Natufian
Khiamian
Tahunian

Neolithic

Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic
Neolithic Revolution,
Domestication
Pottery Neolithic
Pottery
Chalcolithic

The 9th millennium BC marks the beginning of the Neolithic period.

Agriculture spread throughout the Fertile Crescent and use of pottery became more widespread. Larger settlements like Jericho arose along salt and flint trade routes. Northern Eurasia was resettled as the glaciers of the last glacial maximum retreated. World population was at a few million people, likely below 5 million.

Events

Inventions and discoveries

  • c. 9000 BC—The first evidence of the keeping of sheep, in northern Iraq.[2]
  • c. 9000 BC—Discovery of copper in Middle East
  • c. 8500 BCNatufian culture of Western Mesopotamia is harvesting wild wheat with flint-edged sickles. (1967 McEvedy) About this time, boats are invented, and dogs domesticated in Europe. (1967 McEvedy)
  • c. 8500 BCAndean peoples domesticate chili peppers and two kinds of bean
  • c. 8000 BC—Mesopotamia—Agriculture in Mesopotamia
  • c. 8000 BCAsiaDomestication of the pig in China and Turkey
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Domestication of goats
  • c. 8000 BC—Asia—Evidence of domestication of dogs from wolves
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Ancient flint tools from north and central Arabia belong to hunter-gatherer societies
  • c. 8000 BC—Middle East—Clay vessels and modeled human and animal terracotta figurines are produced at Ganj Dareh in western Iran.
  • c. 8000 BC—People of Jericho were making bricks out of clay, then hardened them in the sun. The settlement had grown to 8–10 acres of houses and had substantial walls.[2]

Environmental changes

Subdivisions of the Quaternary System
System Series Stage Age (Ma)
Quaternary Holocene 0–0.0117
Pleistocene Tarantian 0.0117–0.126
Ionian 0.126–0.781
Calabrian 0.781–1.806
Gelasian 1.806–2.588
Neogene Pliocene Piacenzian older
In Europe and North America, the Holocene is subdivided into Preboreal, Boreal, Atlantic, Subboreal, and Subatlantic stages of the Blytt-Sernander time scale. There are many regional subdivisions for the Upper or Late Pleistocene; usually these represent locally recognized cold (glacial) and warm (interglacial) periods. The last glacial period ends with the cold Younger Dryas substage.
  • c. 9000 BC: Temporary global chilling, as the Gulf Stream pulls southward, and Europe ices over (1990 Rand McNally Atlas)

References

ko:기원전 제8천년기

io:8001-9000 aK ru:IX тысячелетие до н. э. ta:கிமு 9வது ஆயிரவாண்டு

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