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92 Group

The 92 Group is a right-wing grouping within the British Conservative Party.[1] They are so named because they used to meet at Conservative MP Sir Patrick Wall's home, 92 Cheyne Walk in Chelsea, London.[2] It was founded in 1964 in order to "keep the Conservative Party conservative" and membership is by invitation only.[3] During the period of Margaret Thatcher's leadership of the Conservative Party it was a prominent supporter of her policies. During John Major's premiership it became a focus for Thatcherite MPs dissatisfied with his leadership[4] and was prominent in supporting John Redwood's unsuccessful candidacy against John Major for the leadership of the Conservative Party in 1995.[5]

Its first chairman was Wall and David Maclean, Christopher Chope and Edward Leigh have been members. In 1996 there were around one hundred members of the Group.[6] They grouped together as a block vote in committee elections and to influence party policy. Norman Tebbit records in his memoirs that shortly after being elected an MP in 1970, he was elected to the party's backbench committee on housing policy even though he was virtually unknown to most MPs. However the Group at committee election times met to agree on a slate of candidates they were expected to support, thus explaining Tebbit's success.[7]

Gardiner as chairman promoted 92 Group members for elections to Conservative backbench committees. Important members of the Group were therefore interviewed by the media during Major's premiership to represent Conservative backbench opinion.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ McElvoy, Anne (14 June 1997). "Mr Redwood turned puce...". The Spectator  – via  
  2. ^ a b Colin Brown, ‘92 Group chairman survives challenge’, The Independent (15 March 1994).
  3. ^ Peter Barberis, John McHugh, Mike Tyldesley, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations: Parties, Groups and Movements of the 20th Century (A&C Black, 2000), p. 60.
  4. ^ Hughes, David (29 April 1996). "The Splinter Group". Daily Mail  – via  
  5. ^ Barberis, McHugh and Tyldesley, p. 60.
  6. ^ Interview with Michael Heseltine (5 May 1996).
  7. ^ Norman Tebbit, Upwardly Mobile (Futura, 1991), p. 122-3.
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