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A-135 anti-ballistic missile system

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A-135 anti-ballistic missile system

A map of the Moscow A-135 ABM system. The operational missiles are close to the city and the non-operational ones are on the edge of the region.
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 anti-ballistic missile system
A-135 ABM system in Moscow Oblast. The black missiles are operational 53T6s, the unfilled missiles are formerly operational 51T6s and the dish is the Don-2N radar in Sofrino, which also has a 53T6 complex co located with it[1]

The A-135 (NATO: ABM-3) anti-ballistic missile system is a Russian military complex deployed around Moscow to counter enemy missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas. It became operational during 1995, being a successor to the previous A-35, and compliant with the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty from which the US unilaterally withdrew in 2002.

The A-135 system attained "alert" (operational) status on February 17, 1995. It is currently operational although its 51T6 (NATO reporting name: SH-11) component is deactivated (as of February 2007). A newer missile is expected to replace it. There is an operational test version of the system at the test site in Sary Shagan, Kazakhstan.

The system is operated by the 9th Division of Anti-Missile Defence, part of the Air Defence and Missile Defence Command of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.[2][3]

A-135

A-135 anti-ballistic missile system is located in Russia
Baranavichy
Baranavichy
Qabala
Qabala
Balkhash
Balkhash
Irkutsk
Irkutsk
Pechora
Pechora
Olenegorsk
Olenegorsk
Moscow
Moscow
A-135 Early Warning Radars
US military artist's 1980s concept of the Don-2N ('Pill Box') ABM radar.

A-135 consists of the Don-2N battle management radar and two types of ABM missiles. It gets its data from the wider Russian early warning system which is sent to the command centre which then forwards tracking data to the Don-2N radar.[1]

  • The Don-2N radar (NATO: 'Pill Box') is a large battle-management phased-array radar with 360° coverage.[4][5] Tests were undertaken at the prototype Don-2NP in Sary Shagan in 2007 to upgrade its software.[5][6]
  • 68 launchers of short-range 53T6 (NATO: SH-08 'Gazelle') endoatmospheric interceptor missiles at five launch sites with 12 or 16 missiles each, though designed originally with nuclear warheads. Designed by NPO Novator, similar to US Sprint missile. These are tested roughly annually at the Sary Shagan test site.[7]
Location[8] Coordinates [1] Number [1][8] Details
Sofrino 12 Co-located with the Don-2N radar
Lytkarino 16
Korolev 12
Skhodnya 16
Vnukovo 12
  • Formerly 16 launchers of long-range [1]
Location[8] Coordinates [1] Number [1][8] Details
Sergiyev Posad-15 8 Site was also used in the A-35 system
Naro-Fominsk-10 8 Site was also used in the A-35 system

A memo from the archives of Vitalii Leonidovich Kataev, written circa 1985, had envisaged that the system "will be completed in 1987 to provide protection from a strike of 1-2 modern and prospective ICBMs and up to 35 Pershing II-type intermediate-range missiles."[9]

Russian Early Warning System

The wider early warning system consists of:[8]

Successor

The successor system, dubbed 'Samolet-M' (and more recently A-235) supposedly will employ a new, conventional, variant of the 53T6 missile to be deployed in the former 51T6 silos.[10][11][12]

See also

Main Centre for Missile Attack Warning

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c d e
  9. ^ http://russianforces.org/blog/2012/10/very_modest_expectations_sovie.shtml
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Russia Revamps Missile Defenses Around Moscow MOSCOW, September 17, 2012 (RIA Novosti)

External links

  • .
  • .
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