Afc championship

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The American Football Conference (AFC) Championship Game (also unofficially referred to as the AFC Title Game) is one of the two final playoff matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. The game is played on the penultimate Sunday in January and determines the champion of the American Football Conference. The winner then advances to face the winner of the National Football Conference (NFC) Championship Game in the Super Bowl.

The game was established as part of the 1970 merger between the NFL and the American Football League (AFL), with the merged league realigning into two conferences. Since 1984, each winner of the AFC Championship Game has also received the Lamar Hunt Trophy, named after the founder of the AFL and longtime leader of the Kansas City Chiefs.

History

The first AFC Championship Game was played in 1970 after the merger between the NFL and the AFL. The game is considered the successor to the former AFL Championship, and its game results are listed with that of its predecessor in the annual NFL Record and Fact Book.[1] The original AFC was formed by joining the ten former AFL teams with three pre-merger NFL teams: the Baltimore Colts, the Cleveland Browns, and the Pittsburgh Steelers. The realignment was done in order to create two conferences with an equal number of teams, as the pre-merger NFL consisted of six more teams than the AFL.

Every AFC team except the Houston Texans has played in an AFC Championship Game at least once. The Seattle Seahawks, who have been members in both the AFC and the NFC, hold the distinction of appearing in both conference title games. The Pittsburgh Steelers have the most appearances in the AFC Championship Game at 15, with 11 of those games being in Pittsburgh, the most for either conference.

Playoff structure

At the end of each football season, a series of playoff games involving the top six teams in the AFC are conducted, consisting of the four division champions and two wild card teams. After two rounds of play, the two teams remaining face in the AFC Championship game.

Initially, the site of the game was determined on a rotating basis. Since the 1975-76 season, the site of the AFC Championship has been based on playoff seeding, with the highest surviving seed hosting. A wild card team can only host the game if both participants are wild cards, in which case the fifth seed would host the sixth seed. Such an instance has never occurred in the NFL.

Lamar Hunt Trophy

Since 1984, the winner of the AFC Championship Game has received the Lamar Hunt Trophy, named after the founder of the AFL. The original design consisted of a wooden base with a sculpted AFC logo in the front and a sculpture of various football players in the back.

For the 2010–11 NFL playoffs, the Lamar Hunt Trophy and the George Halas Trophy, which is awarded to the NFC Champion, were redesigned by Tiffany & Co. at the request of the NFL, in an attempt to make both awards more significant.[2] The trophies are now a new, silver design with the outline of a hollow football positioned on a small base to more closely resemble the Vince Lombardi Trophy, awarded to the winner of the Super Bowl.[3]

List of AFC Championship Games

Numbers in parentheses in the table are AFC Championships. Bold indicates team won Super Bowl that year.
Season Winning Team Score Losing Team Score Location Stadium
1970–71 Baltimore Colts (1) 27 Oakland Raiders 17 Baltimore, Maryland Memorial Stadium
1971–72 Miami Dolphins (1) 21 Baltimore Colts 0 Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1972–73 Miami Dolphins (2) 21 Pittsburgh Steelers 17 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1973–74 Miami Dolphins (3) 27 Oakland Raiders 10 Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1974–75 Pittsburgh Steelers (1) 24 Oakland Raiders 13 Oakland, California Oakland Coliseum
1975–76 Pittsburgh Steelers (2) 16 Oakland Raiders 10 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1976–77 Oakland Raiders (1) 24 Pittsburgh Steelers 7 Oakland, California Oakland Coliseum
1977–78 Denver Broncos (1) 20 Oakland Raiders 17 Denver, Colorado Mile High Stadium
1978–79 Pittsburgh Steelers (3) 34 Houston Oilers 5 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1979–80 Pittsburgh Steelers (4) 27 Houston Oilers 13 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1980–81 Oakland Raiders (2) 34 San Diego Chargers 27 San Diego, California Jack Murphy Stadium
1981–82 Cincinnati Bengals (1) 27 San Diego Chargers 7 Cincinnati, Ohio Riverfront Stadium
1982–83 Miami Dolphins (4) 14 New York Jets 0 Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1983–84 Los Angeles Raiders (3) 30 Seattle Seahawks 14 Los Angeles, California Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
1984–85 Miami Dolphins (5) 45 Pittsburgh Steelers 28 Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1985–86 New England Patriots (1) 31 Miami Dolphins 14 Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
1986–87 Denver Broncos (2) 23a[›] Cleveland Browns 20 Cleveland, Ohio Cleveland Municipal Stadium
1987–88 Denver Broncos (3) 38 Cleveland Browns 33 Denver, Colorado Mile High Stadium
1988–89 Cincinnati Bengals (2) 21 Buffalo Bills 10 Cincinnati, Ohio Riverfront Stadium
1989–90 Denver Broncos (4) 37 Cleveland Browns 21 Denver, Colorado Mile High Stadium
1990–91 Buffalo Bills (1) 51 Los Angeles Raiders 3 Orchard Park, New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1991–92 Buffalo Bills (2) 10 Denver Broncos 7 Orchard Park, New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1992–93 Buffalo Bills (3) 29 Miami Dolphins 10 Miami, Florida[4] Joe Robbie Stadium
1993–94 Buffalo Bills (4) 30 Kansas City Chiefs 13 Orchard Park, New York Ralph Wilson Stadium
1994–95 San Diego Chargers (1) 17 Pittsburgh Steelers 13 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1995–96 Pittsburgh Steelers (5) 20 Indianapolis Colts 16 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1996–97 New England Patriots (2) 20 Jacksonville Jaguars 6 Foxborough, Massachusetts Foxboro Stadium
1997–98 Denver Broncos (5) 24 Pittsburgh Steelers 21 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Three Rivers Stadium
1998–99 Denver Broncos (6) 23 New York Jets 10 Denver, Colorado Mile High Stadium
1999–00 Tennessee Titans (1) 33 Jacksonville Jaguars 14 Jacksonville, Florida Jacksonville Municipal Stadium
2000–01 Baltimore Ravens (1) 16 Oakland Raiders 3 Oakland, California Oakland Coliseum
2001–02 New England Patriots (3) 24 Pittsburgh Steelers 17 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2002–03 Oakland Raiders (4) 41 Tennessee Titans 24 Oakland, California Network Associates Coliseum
2003–04 New England Patriots (4) 24 Indianapolis Colts 14 Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium
2004–05 New England Patriots (5) 41 Pittsburgh Steelers 27 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2005–06 Pittsburgh Steelers (6) 34 Denver Broncos 17 Denver, Colorado Invesco Field at Mile High
2006–07 Indianapolis Colts (2) 38 New England Patriots 34 Indianapolis, Indiana RCA Dome
2007–08 New England Patriots (6) 21 San Diego Chargers 12 Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium
2008–09 Pittsburgh Steelers (7) 23 Baltimore Ravens 14 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2009–10 Indianapolis Colts (3) 30 New York Jets 17 Indianapolis, Indiana Lucas Oil Stadium
2010–11 Pittsburgh Steelers (8) 24 New York Jets 19 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Field
2011–12 New England Patriots (7) 23 Baltimore Ravens 20 Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium
2012–13 Baltimore Ravens (2) 28 New England Patriots 13 Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium

^ a: Sudden-death overtime

AFC Championship Game appearances 1970–present

Num Team W L PCT PF PA Last appearance Last championship HOME games Home wins Home losses Home Win Pct. ROAD games Road wins Road losses Road Win Pct.
15 Pittsburgh Steelers 8 7 .533 332 303 2010 2010 11 6 5 .545 4 2 2 .500
11 Los Angeles/Oakland Raiders 4 7 .364 202 253 2002 2002 5 3 2 .600 6 1 5 .167
9 New England Patriots 7 2 .777 231 176 2012 2011 5 4 1 .800 4 3 1 .750
8 Denver Broncos 6 2 .750 189 166 2005 1998 5 4 1 .800 3 2 1 .667
7 Miami Dolphins 5 2 .714 152 115 1992 1984 6 4 2 .667 1 1 0 1.000
6 Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts 3 3 .500 125 133 2009 2009 3 3 0 1.000 3 0 3 .000
5 Buffalo Bills 4 1 .800 130 54 1993 1993 3 3 0 1.000 2 1 1 .500
4 Baltimore Ravens 2 2 .500 78 62 2012 2012 0 0 0 —– 4 2 2 .500
4 Houston Oilers/
Tennessee Titans
1 3 .250 75 116 2002 1999 0 0 0 —– 4 1 3 .250
4 San Diego Chargers 1 3 .250 63 95 2007 1994 1 0 1 .000 3 1 2 .333
4 New York Jets 0 4 .000 46 91 2010 1968** 0 0 0 —– 4 0 4 .000
3 Cleveland Browns 0 3 .000 74 98 1989 1964* 1 0 1 .000 2 0 2 .000
2 Cincinnati Bengals 2 0 1.000 48 17 1988 1988 2 2 0 1.000 0 0 0 —–
2 Jacksonville Jaguars 0 2 .000 20 53 1999 N/A 1 0 1 .000 1 0 1 .000
1 Kansas City Chiefs 0 1 .000 13 30 1993 1969*** 0 0 0 —– 1 0 1 .000
1 Seattle Seahawksc[›] 0 1 .000 14 30 1983 N/A 0 0 0 —– 1 0 1 .000
0 Houston Texans 0 0 —– --- --- N/A N/A 0 0 0 —– 0 0 0 —–

*last NFL championship - 1964

**last AFL championship - 1968-69 season

***last AFL championship - 1969-70 season

^ c: The Seattle Seahawks were members of the AFC from 1977 until 2002, and hold a combined 1-1 record between both Conference Championship Games.

AFC Championship Game records


*Tied for Conference Championship Record

**Conference Championship record

TV ratings

  • 2010: 42.352 million viewers
  • 2009: 42 million viewers

Footnotes

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