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Abd Manaf ibn Qusai

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Title: Abd Manaf ibn Qusai  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf, Hubba bint Hulail, Qusai ibn Kilab, Family tree of Muhammad
Collection: Arab People, Family of Muhammad, Sahabah Ancestors, Year of Birth Unknown, Year of Death Missing
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Abd Manaf ibn Qusai

Abd Manāf ibn Quṣai
Abd Manaf of the Quraysh tribe
Known for Ancestor of Muhammad
Children Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf (son)
Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Parent(s) Qusai ibn Kilab (father)
Relatives Abd-al-Dar ibn Qusai (brother)
Zuhrah ibn Kilab (uncle)

‘Abd Manāf ibn Quṣai (Arabic: عبد مناف بن قصي‎) was a Quraishi and great-great-grandfather of Islamic prophet Muhammad. His father was Quṣai ibn Kilāb.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • History 2
  • Family 3
  • Burial 4
  • Notable descendents 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Biography

'Abdu Manāf was already honoured in his father's lifetime however Qusai preferred his first-born 'Abd ad-Dar and invested him with all his rights, powers, and transferred the ownership of the House of Assembly shortly before his death.[1]

After Quṣayy's death Abd Manaf and his brother 'Abd ad-Dar apparently quarreled, and the effects of this conflict continued among their descendants and affected the internal Makkah right up to Muhammad's time. 'Abd ad-Dar was supported by their cousins Makhzum, Sahm, Jumah, their uncle Adi and their families. Abd Manaf contested his inheritance and was supported by their nephew Asad, their uncle Zuhrah ibn Kilab, their father's uncle Taym ibn Murrah (of Banu Taym), and al-Harith ibn Fihr.[2]

History

The two sides had even got so far as agreeing to go outside the sanctuary of the sacred area in order to battle it out, when a compromise was at last reached, feeling rose so high that the women of the clan of 'Abd Manaf brought a bowl of rich perfume with nutmeg powder and placed it beside the Ka'aba; and [3] Their descendants in the clans named after them tended to keep this old alliance.[2]

Neither side wanted a full scale conflict and a compromise was achieved whereby The Confederates retained normal privileges in control of the charity tax and the food and drink for pilgrims, whereas real power resided with the Scented Ones who had the keys to the Ka'aba and the running of the House of Assembly.[4] Therefore the sons of 'Abd Manaf should have the rights of levying the tax and providing for the pilgrims with food and drink, whereas the sons of Abd ad-Dar should retain the keys of the Ka'aba and their rights, and that their house should continue to be the House of Assembly. Hashim's brothers agreed that he should have the responsibility of providing for the pilgrims.[3]

Family

‘Abdu Manāf married several wives of influential tribes, including 'Ātikah bint Murrah ibn Hilāl ibn Fālij ibn Dhakwān of Bani Qays Aylan, Hilal of the Banu Hawāzin, Raytah of Ta'if, and Waqida bint Amr.

Raytah had only the son Abd or Abdu'l Amr, who died childless; Waqida also had one son, Nawfal. The Hawazin heiress Atikah, however, bore him five sons and six daughters. The boys were twin sons called Amr (more commonly known as Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf), Abd Shams, Muttalib, Hala and Barra.[5] Muttalib was younger than Hashim and became his successor. The daughters were Tumadir/Tamadur, Qilaba, Hayya, Raytah/Rita, Umm Akhtham, and Umm Sufyan.[6]

Burial

The grave of ‘Abdu Manāf can be found in Jannatul Mualla cemetery, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Notable descendents

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh tribe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
 
 
 
 
Ātikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Muttalib
 
Hala
 
Hashim
 
Salma bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abu al-'As
 
 
 
 
ʿĀminah
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
Abutâlib
 
Hamza
 
Al-‘Abbas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
MUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
 
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
 
`Alî al-Mûrtdhā
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muʿāwiyah
 
Marwan I
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
 
Ruqayyah
 
Fatima Zahra
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayyad Caliphate
 
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan al-Mûjtabâ
 
Husayn bin Ali
(Family tree)
 
al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allah al-Thaqafī
(Abû‘Amra`Kaysan’îyyah)
 
Muhammad "al-Imâm" (Abbasids)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See also

References

  1. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources.  
  2. ^ a b Armstrong, Karen (2001). Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet. Phoenix. p. 66.  
  3. ^ a b Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources.  
  4. ^ Ibn Kathir 1.186. Hilf, or tahalluf, comes from halafa, to form a confederacy, for mutual help and protection.
  5. ^ http://web.genealogie.free.fr/Les_Dynasties/Les_Dynasties_musulmanes/Dynastie_de_Mahomet.htm
  6. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "The Prophet’s Family Line No. 4 – Amr (Hashim), the Founder of the Hashimites". Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 

External links

  • al-islam.org
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