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Action of 18 September 1639

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Title: Action of 18 September 1639  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maarten Tromp, Siege of Maastricht (1579), Battle in the Bay of Matanzas, Capture of Maastricht, War of the Jülich Succession
Collection: 1639 in Europe, Naval Battles of the Eighty Years' War
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Action of 18 September 1639

Action of 18 September 1639
Part of the Eighty Years' War
Date 1639
Location Near Calais(present-day France)
Result Undecided
Belligerents
 United Provinces  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Maarten Tromp Antonio de Oquendo
Strength
29 ships 67 ships
Casualties and losses
unknown
one ship lost
unknown
no ships lost

This battle took place between 17 and 19 September 1639 when a Dutch squadron under Admiral Maarten Tromp and Admiral Witte Corneliszoon de With, met with a much larger but poorly led Spanish fleet under Antonio D'Oquendo, consisting of 40 to 45 men–of–war and 40 to 50 transport vessels filled with some 13,000 Spanish soldiers who were being transported to Dunkirk.  Tromp with 12 ships spotted the Spanish fleet on the 16th, but waited for de With to arrive with five more ships before attacking.  Despite his numerical inferiority Tromp got the upper hand in a running fight which lasted into the night.  The next day, Zeeland Commodore Joost Banckert, arrived to reinforce the Dutch with 12 more ships.  Fighting continued until the Dutch ran out of gunpowder when D'Oquendo retreated to the roadstead of the Downs hoping on English protection which would eventually lead to the Battle of the Downs, where D'Oquendo was decisively defeated and this marked the end of Spanish seapower.

This fight is notable because Tromp used the line of battle for the first time.

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