World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Afro-Russian

Article Id: WHEBN0026261117
Reproduction Date:

Title: Afro-Russian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jean Sagbo, African diaspora in Europe, Ethnic groups in Russia, Pakistanis in Russia, Nepalis in Russia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Afro-Russian

Afro-Russians
Total population
40,000–70,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Oryol, Astrakhan
Languages
Russian · Niger–Congo languages · Nilo-Saharan languages · English · French
Religion
Christianity and Sunni Islam

Afro-Russians (Russian: афророссияне, also called "негры"—"negry", "black people") are Blacks, including Black people who have settled in Russia and their mixed-race children. The Metis Foundation estimates that there are about 40,000 Afro-Russians.[2]

History

First African arrivals

It is thought that the first Afro-Russians were a group of 20 men from Ethiopia who came as diplomats of the Abyssinian Empire, some of them being originally purchased as slaves and transported to the Crimea by Ottoman Turkish traders in the 1670s as gifts of diplomatic friendship from Abyssinia (as Ethiopia was otherwise known) to the Russians. They were subsequently turned into hired servants by the Tsarist Russian imperial family, the Romanovs. In fact, the Afro-Russian assistants in the Romanov estates rose in prominence, and often received an education. Pushkin's great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal (1696–1781), was a black imperial page, originally of a chiefly family in his native Africa, that was raised by Emperor Peter the Great himself. He is supposed to have written literature that Peter enjoyed reading, and eventually died a nobleman of Russia.

Early Soviet period

After the revolution several Black African and mixed-race families came to the Soviet Union under the auspices of the Comintern. They were chiefly specialists in the spheres of industrial production and agriculture. The technical equipment, modest means, and professional experience brought by them were an appreciable contribution to economic development of a new state. Among them were Oliver John Golden and his wife Bertha (he brought with him a group of 16 Afro-American experts in the cultivation of cotton), well-known African-American poet Langston Hughes with a group of 22 filmmakers, Paul Robeson with his family and many others. Some of them stayed in Russia and their descendants still live there.

Post War, The Festival Children

When African nations gained independence from colonialism, the Soviet Union offered scholarships to young people from these nations. About 400,000 Africans studied in the former Soviet Union between the late 1950s and 1990.[3] The first significant arrival of Africans was for the 6th World Festival of Youth and Students held in Moscow in 1957. Many Africans also attended the Patrice Lumumba University. Hence colloquial terms for Afro-Russians born in the 1950s and 1960s are "Children of the Festival" (ru) or "Children of Lumumba". Some of these children subsequently returned to their African parents' countries or moved on to Western Europe or in the case of Jewish Afro-Russians to Israel.

Post Soviet period

After the collapse of the Soviet Union racism and xenophobic sentiments have increased in the modern Russian state, particularly due to mass emigration and falling birth rates amongst Slavic Russians. Afro-Russians are subjected to threats and violence on the part of ultra-nationalists and white power skinheads.[4] After the 1990s, there has also been new residents including professional athletes of Black African descent including African Americans and Afro-Brazilians playing for Russian sports teams.

Prominent Afro-Russians

See also

References

  1. ^ O'Flynn, Kevin (August 26, 2009). "Russia’s Black Community". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  2. ^ Gribanova, Lyubov "Дети-метисы в России: свои среди чужих" (in Russian). Nashi Deti Project. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  3. ^ Lily Golden & Lily Dixon "TV project «Black Russians»". Africana Project. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  4. ^ Simmons, Ann M (2014-11-02). "African migrants in Russia describe 'hell on Earth' - LA Times".  
  5. ^ Wrigley, Matt (July 9, 2006). "Abandoned in Moscow, enrolled in the Red Army and finally crowned as a king". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2010-02-25.

External links

  • Funmetis a Foundation for Afro-Russian Children
  • (Russian) Article "Afro-Russians" from Rossiyskaya Gazeta
  • (Russian) Article "Black Man" from Online Vremya


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.