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Plasma afterglow

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Plasma afterglow

A plasma afterglow (also afterglow) is the radiation emitted from a plasma after the source of ionization is removed[1] The external electromagnetic fields that sustained the plasma glow are absent or insufficient to maintain the discharge. A plasma afterglow can either be a temporal, due to an interrupted (pulsed) plasma source, or a spatial one, due to a distant plasma source. In the afterglow, plasma-generated species de-excite and participate in secondary chemical reactions that tend to form stable species. Depending on the gas composition, super-elastic collisions may continue to sustain the plasma in the afterglow for a while by releasing the energy stored in rovibronic degrees of freedom of the atoms and molecules of the plasma. Especially in molecular gases, the plasma chemistry in the afterglow is significantly different from the plasma glow.

Contents

  • Flowing afterglow 1
  • Remote plasma 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Flowing afterglow

A flowing afterglow is an ion source that is used to create ions in a flow of inert gas, typically helium or argon.[2][3][4] Reagents are added downstream to create ion products and study reaction rates. Detection of ions is accomplished using a mass spectrometer or by optical spectroscopy.[5] Flowing afterglow ion sources can be coupled with a selected-ion flow-tube for selection of reactant ions.[6]

Flowing-afterglow mass spectrometry uses a flowing afterglow to create protonated water cluster ions in a helium or argon carrier gas in a flow tube that react with sample molecules that are measured by a mass spectrometer downstream.[7] These systems can be used for trace gas analysis.

Remote plasma

A remote plasma is also called an afterglow plasma because it is a plasma processing method in which processing occurs in the afterglow of the plasma rather than in the plasma itself.[8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Plasma Dictionary". Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Retrieved 2014-08-12. 
  2. ^ Ferguson, E. E.; Fehsenfeld, F. C.; Schmeltekopf, A. L. (1969). "Ion-Molecule Reaction Rates Measured in a Discharge Afterglow" 80. pp. 83–91.  
  3. ^ Ferguson, Eldon E. (1992). "A Personal history of the early development of the flowing afterglow technique for ion-molecule reaction studies". Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 3 (5): 479–486.  
  4. ^ Bierbaum, Veronica M. (2014). "Go with the flow: Fifty years of innovation and ion chemistry using the flowing afterglow". International Journal of Mass Spectrometry.  
  5. ^ Johnsen, R.; Skrzypkowski, M.; Gougousi, T.; Rosati, R.; Golde, M. F. (2003). "Optical Spectroscopy of Recombining Ions in Flowing Afterglow Plasmas". pp. 25–35.  
  6. ^ Squires, Robert R. (1992). "Advances in flowing afterglow and selected-ion flow tube techniques". International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes. 118-119: 503–518.  
  7. ^ Smith, David; Španěl, Patrik (2005). "Selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) for on-line trace gas analysis". Mass Spectrometry Reviews 24 (5): 661–700.  
  8. ^ Tommi Kääriäinen; David Cameron; Marja-Leena Kääriäinen; Arthur Sherman (17 May 2013). Atomic Layer Deposition: Principles, Characteristics, and Nanotechnology Applications. Wiley. pp. 21–.  
  9. ^ Alexander Fridman (5 May 2008). Plasma Chemistry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 532–.  
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