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Ahmad Shah of Pahang

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Ahmad Shah of Pahang

Ahmad Shah
Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Negeri Pahang Darul Makmur
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Reign 26 April 1979 - 25 April 1984
Installation 10 July 1980
Predecessor Yahya Petra of Kelantan
Successor Iskandar of Johor
Sultan of Pahang
Reign 8 May 1974 - present
Installation 6 May 1975
Predecessor Abu Bakar of Pahang
Born (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930
Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Spouse Sultanah Kalsom binti Abdullah (m. 1991)
Tengku Ampuan Afzan (m. 1954-1988)
Issue Tengku Meriam
Tengku Muhaini
Tengku Aishah Marcella
Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdul Rahman
Tengku Nong Fatimah
Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu'adzam
Full name
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah
Father Sultan Abu Bakar
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah[1] is the fifth Sultan of Pahang of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Honours 2
  • Honours of Pahang 3
  • National and Sultanal Honours 4
  • Foreign Honours 5
  • Legacy 6
  • Educational institutions 7
  • Buildings, Bridges and Roads 8
  • Others 9
  • Ancestry 10
  • Notes 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Biography

Born 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang. he was the only son of Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Alang Iskandar Shah II Kaddasullah.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and Exeter University. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

His election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and was the President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM) from 1984 until 2014,[2] the President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.

Honours

Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.[3]

He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded :[4]

Honours of Pahang

National and Sultanal Honours

Foreign Honours

Legacy

Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:

Educational institutions

  • Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Campus (Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) branch campus), Bandar Muadzam Shah
  • Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science Secondary School Kuantan (SEMSAS)
  • Sultan Ahmad Shah Pahang Islamic College (Kolej Islam Pahang Sultan Ahmad Shah, or KIPSAS)

Buildings, Bridges and Roads

Others

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ Information Malaysia (1989), pg 123
  2. ^ High noon at FAM Congress as TM Pahang takes over, Eric Samuel, 2014/05/25, The Star Online
  3. ^ Alagappa, pg 267
  4. ^ The Royal Ark, Pahang genealogical details, p.10
  5. ^ DECRETO NACIONAL 1.256/2006
  6. ^ http://www.pahang.gov.my/en/web/guest/kdymm-sultan-pahang

References

  • Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Muthiah Alagappa, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
  • Information Malaysia, Published by Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd., 1989
  • The Europa Year Book, Europa Publications Limited, 1984, ISBN 0-905118-96-0

External links

  • PAHANG, HRH , Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’Ayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah International Who's Who. accessed 1 September 2006.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

1979-1984
Succeeded by
Sultan Iskandar
(Sultan of Johor)
Preceded by
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
1974-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Tengku Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah
Civic offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Abu Samah
President of Asian Football Confederation
1994–2002
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Hammam
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