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Al Ramadi

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Al Ramadi

This article is about the city. For the district, see Ramadi (district).

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Ramadi
Arabic: الرمادي
Ar-Ramādī

The Ramadi Mosque in June 2004
Ramadi
Ramadi
Ramadi's location inside Iraq

Coordinates: 33°25′11″N 43°18′45″E / 33.41972°N 43.31250°E / 33.41972; 43.31250

Country  Iraq
Governorate Al Anbar Governorate
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total 483,209

Ramadi (Arabic: الرمادي‎; BGN: Ar Ramādī) is a city in central Iraq, about 110 kilometers (68 mi) west of Baghdad. It is the capital of Al Anbar Governorate.[2] The city extends more than 60 kilometers along the Euphrates and is the largest city in Al-Anbar.

Population

Ramadi's population has been stated as 500,000 according to UN data from 2003.[3] and 483,209 according to UN from 2004.[4] The former regime reported that it had about 700,000 inhabitants.[5]

Historically the city had a large Jewish community into the twentieth century, but most migrated to Israel after its wars of independence and the Six Days War. By the 21st century, all of the inhabitants of the city were Sunni Muslims from the Dulaim tribe.[6][7][8]

History

Ramadi is located in a fertile, irrigated, alluvial plain, within Iraq's Sunni Triangle.[9] It was founded in 1869 under the Ottoman Empire. The main purpose of the city was to give the Ottomans a base for communications with and control of the Dulaim tribe of the region.

Template:See During the Mesopotamian Campaign of World War I, British forces under Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude took Ramadi. In November 1917, British forces fought what was left of the Ottoman forces there. Sir Maude died soon after Ramadi was taken.

During the Anglo-Iraqi War during World War II, Ramadi was held by a brigade-sized unit loyal to Rashid Ali.

Main article: Ramadi under U.S. Military Occupation

Ramadi was a base of resistance to the U.S. occupation of Iraq between 2003 and 2006.

See also

References

External links

  • Iraq Image - Ramadi Satellite Observation
  • Quixote in Ramadi by MB Wilmot


Template:Districts of Iraq

Coordinates: 33°25′N 43°18′E / 33.417°N 43.300°E / 33.417; 43.300

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