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Alblasserdam

Alblasserdam
Municipality
Church in background white pedestrian bridge in foreground
Church in Alblasserdam
Coat of arms in flag, the flag's top half is yellow, the bottom half red
Flag
Lion rampant, top half yellow on red background, bottom half red on yellow background
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Alblasserdam in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Jan Heijkoop (acting)
Area[2]
 • Total 10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi)
 • Land 8.79 km2 (3.39 sq mi)
 • Water 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 19,838
 • Density 2,257/km2 (5,850/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Alblasserdammer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 2950–2954
Area code 078
Website .nl.alblasserdamwww
Topographic map of Alblasserdam, Sept. 2014

Alblasserdam (Dutch: ) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It covers an area of 10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi), of which 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi) is water, and has a population of 19,838 as of 2014. Alblasserdam is officially a part of the Drechtsteden region. A portion of the small village of Kinderdijk, which boasts the largest and most famous concentration of windmills in the Netherlands, is part of Alblasserdam.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
    • 13th-19th century 2.1
    • 20th century 2.2
    • 21st century 2.3
  • Public transportation 3
  • Sister and twin cities 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Etymology

The name Alblasserdam is derived from its location near the creek Alblas where a dam was built. Inhabitants of Alblasserdam are called Alblasserdammers (singular: Alblasserdammer).

History

13th-19th century

The town of Alblasserdam was first mentioned in the chronicles of Melis Stoke in 1299, but the municipality wasn't formed until 1447. Before that, it was part of Oud-Alblas.

Because of its location on the Noord river, one of the busiest waterways in Western Europe, water has played a major role in Alblasserdam's history. The river was important for its development and makes it an advantageous location for industry. Alblasserdam's strategic location also brought it negative consequences. For example, between 1350 and 1821, the Alblasserwaard polder flooded 32 times.

20th century

During World War I, mayor Simon Berman[5] and the local government of Alblasserdam kept busy with 60 Belgian refugees within the municipal boundaries.[6] An ad-hoc municipal fund for the unemployed was established.[6]

Alblasserdam suffered during the German raid on Rotterdam on May 11, 1940, when its town centre was severely damaged. The historic Kerkstraat (Church Street) and the characteristic dike construction along the river, however, were spared.

The North Sea flood of 1953 also affected a portion of Alblasserdam. The Delta Works program included reinforcements to the dikes and improvement of the locks. Therefore, water no longer poses a direct danger to Alblasserdam.

In 1999 the town celebrated its 700th anniversary.

21st century

Bert Blase served as mayor from 1999 to 2014, when he was appointed as mayor of Vlaardingen. Since then, the mayor of Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht, Jan Heijkoop, also acts as mayor Alblasserdam until the appointment of a new mayor by the Dutch government.[7]

Public transportation

Map of Alblasserdam

Sister and twin cities

References

  1. ^ "Portefeuilleverdeling" [Task distribution]. Bestuur en Organisatie (in Dutch). Gemeente Alblasserdam. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2951 ED". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).  
  5. ^ "Geinstalleerd" [Installed].  
  6. ^ a b Boersma, Pieter (1939). Alblasserdam's heden en verleden, in honderd opstellen beschreven [Alblasserdam's present and past, described in hundred essays].  
  7. ^ https://www.alblasserdam.nl/bestuur-en-organisatie/college-van-b-w

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
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