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Albrecht Lanz

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Title: Albrecht Lanz  
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Subject: Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, 1942 deaths, Johann Pflugbeil, Helmut Haugk, 1898 births
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Albrecht Lanz

Albrecht Lanz
Born (1898-02-25)25 February 1898
Entringen, German Empire
Died 27 January 1942(1942-01-27) (aged 43)
Lazerett Smolensk, Soviet Union
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Rank Major/Oberstleutnant
Commands held Infantry Regiment 396

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (4 September 1940)
Relations Hubert Lanz (brother)

Major Albrecht Lanz (25 February 1898 – 27 January 1942) was the first Kommandant of Guernsey and Jersey in the Channel Islands in World War II.


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Awards 3
  • References 4
    • Citations 4.1
    • Bibliography 4.2

Early life

Lanz was born on 25 February 1898, in Entringen in the Kingdom of Württemberg of the German Empire.[1]


"Now came a moment that I shall never in my life forget. Easily the proudest of this war [...] the old gentleman bowed deeply before the representatives of the Germam Army. The first time in the history of England that a Governor had the direct representative of his Britannic Majesty has ever bowed to the German Army."

Book by Barry Turner[2]

On 1 June 1940,[3] Lanz arrived at Guernsey Airport with the Luftwaffe, as part of an attempt to discover the level of military preparedness of the islands (though they had been demilitarised, the information was kept secret until 28 June). Upon his arrival with his interpreter Major Maass. Lanz states that the moment command was transferred to him was "the proudest in this war". When Lanz went to Sark to see Dame Sybil Hathaway, she noted that "Lanz was a tall, alert, quick-spoken officer, with dark hair and dark eyes. In civilian life he had been a Doctor of both Law and Philosophy, and I believe he came from a family of agricultural machinery manufacturers in Stuttgart [...] a fair minded man who would never trick anyone by low cunning". Sherwill stated that he was "every inch a soldier and not very easy to get to know but absolutely straight and kindly".[2]

Lanz was given a

  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.  


  1. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 494.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ "Occupation of Guernsey". Guernsey Occupation Museum. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Lanz, Albrecht". WW2 Awards. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  5. ^ King, Anthony (2013). The Combat Soldier: Infantry Tactics and Cohesion in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries.  
  6. ^ Roth, Hans (2010). Eastern Inferno. Casemate Publishers. p. 92.  
  7. ^ Turner, Barry (2011). Outpost of Occupation: The Nazi Occupation of the Channel Islands 1940-45. Aurum Press.  
  8. ^
  9. ^ Elite of the Third Reich: The Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, 1939-45. Helion & Company Limited. 2003. 
  10. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 285.




However, he left the post at the rank of Oberstleutnant and later transferred to the Eastern Front. There, it was stated of Lanz and his regiment, the 396th Infantry Regiment, "I envy the men under this wonderful leader and person. He's a man who has intelligence written all over his tanned face, which is full of humour. He has a kind word or a joke for everyone".[6] He died on the Eastern Front[7] on the 27 January 1942 at Lazerett in Smolensk, Soviet Union[8] in hospital of wounds he sustained.[9]


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