Alfold Crossways

For other uses please, see Alfold (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°05′46″N 0°31′11″W / 51.096°N 0.5197°W / 51.096; -0.5197

Alfold

Old tile-hung cottages and Crown Inn
at the centre of Alfold
stocks
Surrey
Population 1,059 
OS grid reference TQ037341
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CRANLEIGH
Postcode district GU6
Dialling code 01403
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Guildford
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Alfold is a village and civil parish in Surrey, on the West Sussex border, in England and is a dispersed or polyfocal village in the Green Belt which is buffered from all other settlements. The Greensand Way runs north of the village along the Greensand Ridge and two named localities exist to the north and south of the historic village centre which features pubs, a set of stocks and a whipping post.

Etymology

'Alfold' meant the 'old fold' or clearing enclosure for cattle,[1][2] which is apt as it is in a much-wooded area of The Weald (meaning forest in Old and Middle English).

History

Early glass making evidence of which can be seen in Sidney Wood appears to provide the oldest trace of land use in the village[2][n 1]

Alfold is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. This is probably because Alfold appears to have been an unrecorded, southern outpost in the multi-village estate of Bramley since pre-conquest times. The earliest mention of Alfold, in the 13th century, records that it was attached to Shalford Manor. A charter of William Longespee, son of the Earl of Salisbury, records that the advowson, with the Manor of Shalford, is given to John, son of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, who died in 1256.

Four manors existed, namely Wildwood now represented by Great and Little Wildwood Farms and Wildwood Copse and Moat, was formerly possessed by the lords of Albury and Stoke D'Abernon, the D'Abernons and their successors. In the 13th century they had land in Alfold and in a deed of 1313 John D'Abernon's wood called le Wylwode is mentioned. Markwick and Monkenhook over their history have been held by Waverley Abbey, Viscount Montagu and the Earl of Onslow; and Sydney alias Hedgecourt or Rickhurst lies partly in Dunsfold held by the Sydney family then Dorrington family.

Alfold Park, formerly with a moat (as did Wildwood Farm), belonged to the manor of Shalford and contained 300 acres however lost its park before John Speed's map was made[2] in the reign of James I.

After gunpowder's invention, charcoal was extensively burnt in the parish for gunpowder works in Dunsfold, Cranleigh, and Sussex.[2]

The parish comprised 2,726 acres (1,103 ha) of which only 72 acres (29 ha) in 1848 were common or waste, and
...abounded with oak, ash, and elm: in parts there is a bed of stone, which is used for repairing roads, but is not hard enough for building. The Arun and Wey Junction canal passes through. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £6. 11. 2. [ land tax liability], and in the gift of the Sparkes family: the tithes have been commuted for £355, and the glebe comprises 14 acres.[3]

A Baptist chapel was erected in 1883, and an elementary school in 1876.

Significant other homes mentioned in 1911 were Sydney Manor and Sachel Court; Sachel Court was owned by Thomas Smith Wharrie, an engineer in Scotland and Director of British Mutual Banking Company Ltd.[2][n 2]

Landmarks

The compact village has a red telephone kiosk, stocks and whipping post with very old paving and the following listed buildings:

  • St Nicholas's Church (Grade I) [4]
  • Alfold House (Grade II*) [5]
  • Alfold Stores/The Magnolias (Grade II*) [6]
  • Carrier/Cherry Tree cottages [7]
  • Rosemary Croft [8]
  • Church Cottage and Great Nicholas Church Room [9] and
  • Crown Cottage.[10]

Localities

Alfold Crossways

Also sometimes mistakenly recorded as Alford Crossways this hamlet or locality has more buildings in northern part of the village, around the crossroads of the A281 (Guildford-Horsham road) and the traditional Arundel Road to the village centre. Here there are the following:

  • Wildwood Country Park
  • A Garden Centre
  • A recreation ground
  • Medieval moated site and associated pillow mound, Wildwood Copse, Scheduled Ancient Monument [11]
  • Orchard Cottage [12]
  • Waggoners Cottage [13]
  • Great Wildwood Farmhouse with Haybarn [14]
  • Caters Croft/Welby Cottage [15]
  • Little Pound/The Pound [16]

Alfold Bars

This smaller also generally less old, southern part of the village has only one listed building, the Sir Roger Tichbourne Inn, see Tichborne baronets and Tichborne, Hampshire for Roger's family history.[17]

Demography

Across its 1,510 hectares (3,700 acres) the United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded the parish had 1,059 residents living in 449 households.[18]

See also

  • Alfold Village web site
  • List of parish clerks in the wider district

Notes and References

notes
references

External links

  • Stained Glass Windows at St. Nicholas Alfold, Surrey
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