World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ali Soufan

Article Id: WHEBN0021034674
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ali Soufan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: John P. O'Neill, American Muslims, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Osama bin Laden
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ali Soufan

Ali H. Soufan
FBI lead investigator Soufan in Afghanistan (2001)
Born 1971 (age 43–44)
Nationality Lebanese-American
Alma mater Mansfield University of Pennsylvania (B.A., International Studies and Political Science)
Villanova University (M.A., International Relations)
Known for FBI agent

Ali H. Soufan (born 1971)[1] is a Lebanese-American former FBI agent who was involved in a number of high-profile anti-terrorism cases both in the United States and around the world. A New Yorker article in 2006 described Soufan as coming closer than anyone to preventing the September 11 attacks, even implying that he would have succeeded had the CIA been willing to share information with him.[2] He resigned from the FBI in 2005 after publicly chastising the CIA for not sharing information with him, which could have prevented the attacks. He is the CEO of the Soufan Group.[3] In 2011 he published a memoir, which includes some historical background on al-Qaeda: The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against al-Qaeda.[4]

Early years

Soufan was born in Lebanon. He is an ardent admirer of the poet Khalil Gibran.[5] He graduated from Mansfield University of Pennsylvania (1995), receiving his B.A in Political Science. Soufan also studied for a Masters degree in International Studies at Villanova University.

FBI career

Soufan was called to Jordan in 1999 to investigate the Jordan Millennium Bombing plot, and discovered a box of documents delivered by Jordanian intelligence officials prior to the investigation, sitting on the floor of the CIA station, which contained maps showing the bomb sites. His find "embarrassed the CIA", according to a 2006 New Yorker profile of him.[2]

In 2000, he was made lead investigator of the USS Cole bombing.[2] When given a transcript of the interrogations of Fahd al-Quso, he noticed a reference to a one-legged Afghan named "Khallad", whom he remembered as a source identified years earlier as Walid bin 'Attash; this helped the FBI to track down Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri.[2] Following the September 11th attacks, Soufan was one of eight FBI agents who spoke Arabic, and the only one in New York.[6] Colleagues reported that he would sit on the floor with suspects, offer them tea and argue over religion and politics in fluent Arabic, while drawing out information.[5]

While investigating the September 11th attacks in Yemen, Soufan received intelligence that the CIA had been withholding for months. According to The New Yorker, "Soufan received the fourth photograph of the Malaysia meeting—the picture of Khallad, the mastermind of the Cole operation. The two plots, Soufan instantly realized, were linked, and if the C.I.A. had not withheld information from him he likely would have drawn the connection months before September 11th."[2]

He was tasked with the "intensive interrogation" of Abu Jandal over the course of five days in Yemen, during which time Jandal gave up the names of a number of members of al-Qaeda.[7]

It was his questioning of Mohammed al Qahtani, that led to the terrorism charges against Ali Saleh Kahlah al-Marri in Chicago, whom al Qahtani had mentioned being a relative.[5]

In 2005, Soufan approached Florida doctor Rafiq Abdus Sabir and pretended to be an Islamist militant, and asked him whether he would provide medical treatment to wounded fighters in the Iraq War.[8] When Sabir agreed to provide medical treatment, he was arrested and sentenced to 25 years' imprisonment for supporting terrorism.[9]

Soufan has been described as having had a close working relationship with FBI counter-terrorist agent John P. O'Neill.[10]

Role in Guantanamo military commissions

Soufan obtained a confession from Salim Hamdan, accused of being a driver and bodyguard for Osama bin Laden. Soufan testified before his military tribunal that Hamdan was a hardened terrorist, with advance knowledge of the September 11th attacks.[11][12]

He also obtained a confession from Ali al-Bahlul, an al Qaeda propagandist and Bin Laden media secretary accused of making a video celebrating the Cole attacks, and testified at his military tribunal as well.[13]

Post FBI career

Ali Soufan resigned from the FBI in 2005 and founded the Soufan Group. [14] In addition he is frequently called upon to serve as an expert commentator.

Senate testimony

On May 14, 2009 Soufan testified in front the Senate Judicial Committee for their hearing on torture.[15] The hearing followed Obama's declassification of what is known as the "torture memos."[16]

Most notably, he claimed in his testimony that his interrogation of Abu Zubaydah had resulted in actionable intelligence, such as the identity of convicted terrorist José Padilla; and that thereafter, when waterboarding was performed on Abu Zubaydah, the flow of intelligence stopped. Soufan's statement contradicts the one made in the "torture memos," which were intent on making a legal case in favor of — and justification for — the use of waterboarding and other so-called "enhanced interrogation techniques" (EITs).

Soufan re-stated his claims in an April 22, 2009 op-ed for The New York Times op-ed entitled "My Tortured Decision",[17] which was published shortly after the memos were released, and similarly two months later.[18]

According to one of President George W. Bush's speechwriters Marc Thiessen, writing in the National Review in October 2009, both Soufan's testimony and his April 2009 New York Times op-ed are contradicted by CIA documents that state that Abu Zubaydah revealed the actionable intelligence only during the CIA's interrogation, which included rougher treatment than what the FBI had used.[19] But in turn, Thiessen's argument is contradicted by the 2008 Department of Justice's Inspector General Report,[20] which quotes FBI sources stating that "Zubaydah was responding to the FBI's rapport-based approach before the CIA assumed control over the interrogation, but became uncooperative after being subjected to the CIA's techniques."

Soufan's argument was also supported by the CIA Inspector General's 2004 Report into the program.[21] After investigating claims about the effectiveness of enhanced interrogation techniques, the report stated that while the regular interrogation approach achieved many successes "measuring the effectiveness of the EITs, however, is a more subjective process and not without some concern."

The Department of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility report,[22] published July 29, 2009, states that "the CIA Effectiveness Memo provided inaccurate information about Abu Zubaydah's interrogation." The CIA memo stated that "Zubaydah's reporting led to the arrest of Padilla on his arrival in Chicago in May 2003." However, the OPR report states, "In fact Padilla was arrested in May 2002, not 2003," and so "the information 'leading to the arrest of Padilla' could not have been obtained through the authorized use of EITs."

Bloomberg op-ed criticizing Jose Rodriguez

On May 8, 2012 Bloomberg News published an op-ed by Ali Soufan, criticizing a book recently published by former CIA official Jose Rodriguez.[14] Rodriguez's duties included supervising the CIA's torture program. He was the official responsible for ordering the destruction of the recordings made of the torture of Al Nashiri and Abu Zubaydah.

Soufan strongly disputed Rodriguez claims that the CIA's torture was effective at securing reliable, useful information.[14]

Soufan questioned whether the marked differences in Rordriguez's description of Al Nashiri's role in the USS Cole bombing from that of the prosecution would undermine the case against al Nashiri.[14] Rodriguez disputed that al Nashiri was the bombing's mastermind—Rodriguez disputed that al Nashiri was intelligent enough to be a "mastermind".


  • The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against al-Qaeda. W. W. Norton & Company. 2011.  


  1. ^ Abelson, Max (January 29, 2008). "Giuliani G-Man Buys Manhattan Three-Bedroom Spread for $1.7 M.".  
  2. ^ a b c d e  
  3. ^ "The Team". The Soufan Group. Archived from the original on August 29, 2011. 
  4. ^ "'"An Interrogator Writes 'The Inside Story Of 9/11. NPR - Fresh Air. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  5. ^ a b c  
  6. ^ "Q. & A. : Missed Opportunities".  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Neumeister, Larry (21 May 2007). "Doctor Convicted of Providing Support to Terrorists". The Sun. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "U.S. v. Sabir". Leagle. 15 October 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  10. ^ Edmonds, Sibel (10 September 2011). "The Boiling Frogs Presents Ray Nowosielski & John Duffy". Sibel Edmonds' Boiling Frogs. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Guantanamo war crimes judge penalizes U.S. prosecutors in Hamdan case".  
  12. ^ "'Bin Laden's driver knew hijackers aiming for attack'".  
  13. ^ "Guantanamo Yemeni claims Al Qaeda’s ‘best video’". Daily Times. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d Ali Soufan (2012-05-08). "Will a CIA Veteran’s Book Save a Terrorist?".   mirror
  15. ^ "Testimony of Ali Soufan". United States Senate Committee on the Judiciar. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  16. ^ United States Department of Justice: Office of Legal Counsel Memoranda
  17. ^ Soufan, Ali (22 April 2009). "My Tortured Decision". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  18. ^ Soufan, Ali H. (September 5, 2009). "What Torture Never Told Us".  
  19. ^ Thiessen, Marc (31 October 2009). "New Documents Show the CIA, Not the FBI, Got Zubadayh to 'Cough Up' Jose Padilla". National Review Online. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "A Review of the FBI's Involvement and Observations of Detainee Interrogation in Guantanamo Bay, Afghanistan, and Iraq". U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Counterterrorism Detention and Interrogation Activities". Special Review. CIA. 7 May 2004. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Office of Professional Responsibility Report. US Department of Justice. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 

External links

  • 60 Minutes Interview with Ali Soufan (Aired: Sept. 11, 2011)
  • Appearance on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart (Aired: February 13, 2012)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.