World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Almopia

Article Id: WHEBN0014447539
Reproduction Date:

Title: Almopia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Central Macedonia, Aridaea, Sintiki, Paionia (municipality), Visaltia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Almopia

Almopia
Αλμωπία
Location
Almopia is located in Greece
Almopia
Almopia
Coordinates
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Macedonia
Regional unit: Pella
Mayor: Dimitris Pasois
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 27,556
 - Area: 980.9 km2 (379 sq mi)
 - Density: 28 /km2 (73 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)

Almopia (Greek: Αλμωπία), also known until the early 20th century as Moglena (Greek: Μογλενά, Macedonian : Меглен and Bulgarian: Мъглен), is a municipality and a former province (επαρχία) of the Pella regional unit in Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Aridaia.[2]

Name and history

The name Almopia (Ancient Greek: Ἀλμωπία, Almōpia) derives from the Almōpes (Ἀλμῶπες), the tribe that originally inhabited the area during Antiquity. The Almopes traced their descent to the eponymous mythological figure of Almops, son of Poseidon and Helle.[3] According to Thucidydes, the Almopes were expelled from the region when it was incorporated into the ancient Macedonian kingdom during the reign of Alexander I (r. 498–454 BC).[4] The 2nd-century astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemy records three cities in the region in his Geography: Horma (Ὅρμα), Eurōpos (Εὔρωπος) and Apsalos (Ἄψαλος).

In the early Byzantine period, the area was renamed to Enōtia (Greek: Ενωτία) after a nearby fortress, probably in the vicinity of modern Notia. The name was revived between 1915 and 1927 for the Greek province as well.[5][6]

In the later Middle Ages, the area was known as Moglena (Greek: Μογλενά, Macedonian: Меглен, Bulgarian: Мъглен), from the Slavic word for "fog".[7] Until the early 11th century, Moglena was a province of the First Bulgarian Empire. Captured by the Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1015, it is attested as the seat of a bishopric in 1020, and as capital of its own theme in 1086. The area remained under Byzantine rule until the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, when it was captured by Tsar Kaloyan of the Second Bulgarian Empire.[8]

In Ottoman times, the region was also known by its Turkish name Karacaova or Karadjova ("Black Valley", Greek: Καρατζόβα).

Until the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922) and the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1924, Pomaks inhabited a large part of the regions of Moglena.[9]

Municipality

The municipality Almopia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Province

The province of Almopia (Επαρχία Αλμωπίας) was one of the three provinces of Pella Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality of Almopia.[10] It was abolished in 2006.

References

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, II.99
  5. ^ Agni K. Koliadymou (2006). Από την Αξό Καππαδοκίας στο Νομό Πέλλας: Προσφυγικές Διαδρομές (1890-1940). Thessaloniki. p. 117. 
  6. ^ ΦΕΚ 304/27-12-1927
  7. ^ Wolfgang Dahmen, Johannes Kramer (1986). "Das Meglenorumänische". Rumänistik in der Diskussion. Tübingen. p. 262.  
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Capidan, Theodor. Meglenoromânii, istoria şi graiul lor, vol. I, Bucureşti, 1925, p.5, 19, 21-22 (Capidan, Theodor. Megleno-Romanians - their history and dialect, Bucurest 1925, vol 1, p.5, 19, 21-22)
  10. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)

See also

External links

  • Current locations of Almopia region
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.