Alpha-methyltyramine

Hydroxyamfetamine (INN; brand names Paredrine, Mycadrine, and Pedrolon) or hydroxyamphetamine (USAN, BAN), also known by the names oxamphetamine, norpholedrine, 4-hydroxyamphetamine, para-hydroxyamphetamine, and α-methyltyramine, is a sympathomimetic drug, that is, a drug that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system. When used in eye drops, it dilates the pupil. Hydroxyamfetamine is sold in combination with tropicamide under the brand name Paremyd. It occurs as a metabolite of amphetamine.

Once thought to be a human invention, hydroxyamfetamine is now known to occur as an alkaloid in plants including Acacia berlandieri.[1]

In 1944, the US Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory researched the use of Paredrine to improve adaptation to night vision in submarine personnel. A significant improvement in adaptation was shown in the 17 subjects they tested.[2]

See also

References

External links

  • Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.