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Amateur Athletic Union

Amateur Athletic Union of The United States
Motto "Sports for All, Forever."
Formation January 21, 1888
Type Amateur Sports Organization
Headquarters Lake Buena Vista, Florida
Membership
205 National Olympic Committees
President
Dr. Roger Goudy
Website aausports.org

The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is a amateur sports and physical fitness programs. It claims to have over 670,000 participants and over 100,000 volunteers.

The AAU was founded on January 21, 1888 with the goal of creating common standards in amateur sport.[1] Since then, most national championships in the United States have taken place under AAU leadership. From its founding as a publicly supported organization, the AAU has represented US sports within the various international sports federations. It has grown over the years to become one of the leading and most influential associations.

The AAU formerly worked closely with the United States Olympic Committee to prepare US athletes for the Olympic Games. As part of this, the AAU Junior Olympic Games were introduced in 1949. Young people 8 to 16 years of age, or older in certain sports, can participate in these games. Many future World and Olympic champions have appeared in these events, which are still held every year.

In the 1970s, the AAU received growing criticism. Many claimed that its regulatory framework was outdated. Women were banned from participating in certain competitions and some runners were locked out. There were also problems with sporting goods that did not meet the standards of the AAU. During this time, the United States Olympic Committee and saw the re-establishment of state-supported independent associations for the Olympic sports. As a result, the AAU lost its influence and importance in international sports, and focused on the support and promotion of predominantly youthful athletes, as well as on the organization of national sports events.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Programs 2
  • Sports offered 3
    • United Hockey Union 3.1
  • Districts 4
  • Presidents 5
  • Criticism 6
    • Women barred 6.1
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The AAU was founded in 1888 by William Buckingham Curtis to establish standards and uniformity in amateur sport.[1] During its early years the AAU served as a leader in international sport representing the United States in the international sports federations. The AAU worked closely with the Olympic movement to prepare athletes for the Olympic Games.

After the Amateur Sports Act of 1978 broke up the AAU's responsibility as the national Olympic sports governing body, the AAU focused on providing sports programs for all participants of all ages beginning at the local and regional levels. The philosophy of the AAU is "Sports for All, Forever." The AAU is divided into 56 distinct district associations, which annually sanction 34 sports programs, 250 national championships, and over 30,000 age division events. The AAU events have over 500,000 participants and over 50,000 volunteers.

Programs

Programs offered by the AAU include: AAU Sports Program,

  • Amateur Athletic Union official website
  • AAU Junior Olympics Official website
  • AAU Baseball Official website
  • AAU Boys Basketball Official Website
  • AAU Girls Basketball Official Website
  • AAU Soccer Official Website
  • AAU Lacrosse New England Official Website
  • AAU 2008 Junior Olympics Coverage, An Official Partnership Between AAU and GoTrybe
  • AAU Official Partner - GoTrybe

External links

  1. ^ a b William Buckingham "Father Bill" Curtis: Founder of the U.S. Olympic Committee, by Lowell M. Seida (1998)
  2. ^ "AAU Official website". Retrieved May 22, 2008. 
  3. ^ "The History of AAU Basketball". Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Inaugural Mite-Squirt Nationals - good to go" (PDF). AAUicehockey.org. 1 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "SRHL to Host AAU North American Championships". Grand River Generals. 24 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "New England District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Adirondack District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Niagra District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  9. ^ "Connecticut District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "New York Metropolitan District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "New Jersey District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Middle Atlantic District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "Maryland District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "Potomac Valley District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "Western Pennsylvania District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Virginia District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "North Carolina District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "Florida District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Southeastern District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  20. ^ "Indiana District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Ohio District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "Lake Erie District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Michigan District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Wisconsin District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  25. ^ "Central District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "Ozark District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  27. ^ "Arkansas District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "Southern District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Gulf District - AAU Sports". 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  30. ^ a b "Lill New President Of Athletic Union. Boston Man Elected as Head of Amateur Body to Succeed Kirby.".  
  31. ^ "G.T. Kirby Elected President Of A.A.U. Columbia University Man Defeats George W. [sic] Pawling for Athletic Office".  
  32. ^ "Amateur Athletic Union".  
  33. ^ "Baltimore Man For A.A.U. Head. George J. Turner Leads for Job of Directing America's Amateur Sports".  
  34. ^ "AAU Announces New President at 124th National Convention". Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c  
  36. ^ "Dumpster Full Of Amateur Athletes' Records Found At Storage Complex". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved May 28, 2008. 
  37. ^ a b Markazi, Arash. "Kobe: Europe's players more skillful.". espn.go.com. ESPN. Retrieved 3 January 2015. 
  38. ^ "Amateur Athletic Union probes abuse charges against ex leader". Reuters. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  39. ^ "A.A.U. Ban on Women. Female Athletes Barred from Competitions Sanctioned by Union".  
  40. ^ "Women Swimmers and A.A.U".  
  41. ^ "A.A.U. May Discard Women's Swimming. After Two Years' Trial Question Will Come Before Annual Convention".  
  42. ^ "Women's Program Is Ready For Vote. Met. A. A. U. to Pass on Rulings for Athletic Competition at Friday Meeting".  
  43. ^ a b  
  44. ^ "Women Rebelling In Track. Trackwomen Rebelling Against A.A.U. Policies".  

References

removed the AAU from setting rules. Amateur Sports Act of 1978 The [44] By 1974 women were becoming more vocal about their restrictions.[35] course.separate but equal ignored the AAU rules and allowed women in the event even if it meant that their scores would not be official. For the second New York City Marathon in 1971 the AAU allowed women to participate if they started the race 10 minutes before, or 10 minutes after the men, or if they ran a New York City Marathon In 1970 the first [43] In 1961 the Amateur Athletic Union still prohibited women from competing in

In 1922 the Metropolitan AAU in New York City approved a larger program of sanctioned events for women but still barred them from running events over one-half mile because they were considered too strenuous.[42] The reason given for barring women was that if a woman was allowed to run more than a half-mile they would put their reproductive health at risk.[35][43]

Since at least 1914 the Amateur Athletic Union barred women athletes from competing in events that it sponsored.[39] In 1914 they changed their rules and allowed women to compete in a limited number of swimming events.[40] Just two years later in 1916, they AAU was looking to discontinue their experiment in allowing women at swimming events.[41]

Women barred

In the wake of sexual scandals that hit two US universities, Penn State and Syracuse, involving acts of sexual abuse with children, charges have also reached the AAU in Memphis, TN. through the alleged misconduct of then President Robert W. "Bobby" Dodd.[38]

In 2015, Kobe Bryant strongly criticized the AAU, describing it as "Horrible, terrible AAU basketball. It's stupid. It doesn't teach our kids how to play the game at all so you wind up having players that are big and they bring it up and they do all this fancy crap and they don't know how to post. They don't know the fundamentals of the game. It's stupid."[37] Kobe, who moved to Italy at age 6 because of his father playing basketball there, claims that the AAU has been "treating [amateur basketball players] like cash cows for everyone to profit off of".[37]

In 2008, The AAU also found itself under scrutiny over privacy of information of athletes. A local news station near the AAU Headquarters found boxes of personal information thrown out in dumpsters, raising questions about the organization's handling of private data.[36]

In the early 1970s, The AAU became the subject of criticism, notably by outspoken track star Steve Prefontaine, over the living conditions for amateur athletes under the AAU, as well as arbitrary rules.[35] Congress adopted the Amateur Sports Act of 1978 in response to such criticisms, effectively removing the organization from any governance role. The AAU now continues as a voluntary organization largely promoting youth sports.

Criticism

Presidents

61. Puerto Rico

58. Wyoming

56. Alaska

55. South Carolina

54. South Dakota

52. North Dakota

51. West Virginia

50. Florida Gold Coast

49. Southern Nevada

48. Arizona

47. West Texas

46. Central California

45. Georgia

44. Pacific Southwest

43. South Texas

42. New Mexico

41. Kentucky

40. Iowa

39. Hawaii

38. Pacific

37. Oregon

36. Pacific Northwest

35. Inland Empire

34. Utah

33. Southern Pacific

32. Colorado

31. Montana

30. Minnesota

29. Nebraska

28. Missouri Valley

27. Oklahoma

26. Southwestern

25. Gulf (That part of the State of Texas bounded on the North and including the counties of Angelina, Houston, Leon, Nacogdoches, Robertson and Shelby; on the East by the State of Louisiana; on the South by the Gulf of Mexico and on the West by and including the counties of Austin, Brazos, Colorado, Fort Bend, Grimes, Matagorda, Robertson, Waller, Washington and Wharton) [29]

24. Southern (The State of Louisiana and the State of Mississippi) [28]

23. Arkansas (State of Arkansas and Bowie County, Texas) [27]

22. Ozark (Missouri east of and including the following counties, Camden, Dallas, Douglas, Knox, Miller, Monroe, Montgomery, Osage, Ozark, Pike, Scotland, Shelby, including the city of St. Louis, and Webster. Counties of Calhoun, Greene, Jersey, Madison, Monroe and St. Clair in Illinois with reservation that all judo therein be controlled by Central Illinois District) [26]

21. Central Illinois (Illinois, except Calhoun, Greene, Jersey, Madison, Monroe and St. Clair Counties-counties of Calhoun, Greene, Jersey, Madison, Monroe and St. Clair given to Ozark District, with reservation that all judo therein to be controlled by Central District) [25]

20. Wisconsin (State of Wisconsin) [24]

19. Michigan (State of Michigan) [23]

18. Lake Erie (The Counties of Ashland, Ashtabula, Belmont Columbiana, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Jefferson, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawus and Wayne) (formerly Northeastern Ohio) [22]

17. Ohio (State of Ohio except the counties of Ashland, Ashtabula, Belmont, Columbiana, Crawford, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Jefferson, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Trumbull, Tuscarawus and Wayne); and the Dearborn County in the State of Indiana) [21]

16. Indiana (All of State of Indiana excepting Clark, Dearborn and Floyd Counties with the reservation that all wrestling therein be controlled by the Indiana District) [20]

The Amateur Athletic Union is separated into 55 districts.
2. New England (New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Vermont)[6]
3. Adirondack (That portion of New York State east and north of Broome, Cortland, Dutchess, Onondaga, Orange, Oswego and Sullivan Counties)[7]
4. Niagra (State of New York west of and including Broome, Cortland, Onondaga and Oswego Counties) [8]
5. Connecticut (State of Connecticut) [9]
6. New York Metropolitan (New York, south of and including Dutchess, Orange, Sullivan and Ulster Counties; also the Canal Zone) [10]
7. New Jersey (New Jersey north of and including Hudson, Mercer and Monmouth Counties) [11]
8. Middle Atlantic (New Jersey, south of Mercer and Monmouth County; all of the State of Delaware and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, east of and including Bedford, Centre, Clinton and Potter Counties) [12]
9. Maryland (State of Maryland except the counties of Montgomery and Prince Georges) [13]
10. Potomac Valley (All territory within the District of Columbia, counties of Montgomery and Prince Georges in the State of Maryland, and counties of Arlington and Fairfax and cities of Alexandria and Falls Church in the Commonwealth of Virginia) (formerly District of Columbia) [14]
11. Western Pennsylvania (All counties in Pennsylvania west of Bedford, Centre, Clinton, Huntingdon and Potter Counties and the Counties of Brooke, Hancock, Marshall and Ohio in West Virginia) [15]
12. Virginia (Commonwealth of Virginia except the Counties of Arlington and Fairfax and cities of Alexandria and Falls Church) [16]
13. North Carolina (State of North Carolina) [17]
14. Florida (Florida, except Miami-Dade, Broward, that part of Hendry County West of Route 833 and Palm Beach Counties) [18]
15. Southeastern (The State of Alabama and the State of Tennessee) [19]

Districts

AAU Hockey sponsors national tournaments[4] for minor hockey levels. A North American Championship for Squirt/Atom and PeeWee levels as well as Midget and Bantam[5] levels is set for debut in 2015 in cooperation with the Canadian Independent Hockey Federation (CIHF).

The United Hockey Union (UHU) is a group of junior ice hockey leagues and the NCHA college club league based in North America. The UHU is overseen and insured by the Amateur Athletic Union and was founded in 2012. Neither body is recognized by USA Hockey, Hockey Canada, or the International Ice Hockey Federation.

United Hockey Union

Aerobics Jumprope
Athletics Lacrosse
Badminton Martial Arts
Baseball Soccer
Basketball Softball
Baton Twirling Surfing
Beach Volleyball Swimming and Diving
Bowling Table Tennis
Cheerleading Taekwondo Trampoline and Tumbling
Dance Volleyball
Football and Flag football Water Polo
Powerlifting Olympic weightlifting
Gymnastics Wrestling
Hockey AAU Junior Olympic Games
Golf

The AAU offers sports teams in:

The Amateur Athletic Union offers participants sports teams in their local community that they can join and compete with other athletes their own age. There are teams in most sports ranging from 9U to 18U, allowing children to play for championships in sports against other children similar in age and athletic development.

Sports offered

AAU operates under a 501(c)(3) tax-exemption letter granted by the federal government in 1996.

In 1994, the AAU joined forces with the Walt Disney World Resort, signing a 30-year agreement. As part of that agreement, many of AAU's national championships in many sports are played at the Wide World of Sports Complex in Lake Buena Vista.[3] In 1996, the AAU relocated its national headquarters to Lake Buena Vista, Florida, adjacent to Disney World. More than 40 AAU national events are conducted at the ESPN Wide World of Sports. The ESPN Wide World of Sports features a double-deck 7,500—seat baseball stadium and baseball quadraplex, a fieldhouse that accommodates up to six hardwood courts, a softball quadraplex, two youth baseball fields, a track and field complex, and four multi-purpose performance fields sized for soccer tournaments.

[2]

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