World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Anabella Drummond

Anabella Drummond
Queen Consort of Scotland
Tenure 1390–1401
Coronation 1390
Born ca. 1350
Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
Died October 1401 (aged 51)
Scone Palace, Scone, Perth
Burial Dunfermline Abbey
Spouse Robert III of Scotland
m. 1367; dec. October 1401
Issue Elizabeth, Baroness Dalkeith
Mary, Countess of Angus
Margaret, Countess of Douglas
David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay
James I of Scotland
House Clan Drummond
Father Sir John Drummond, 11th Thane of Lennox
Mother Mary Montifex
Religion Roman Catholic

Anabella Drummond (c. 1350–1401) was the Queen Consort of Scotland as the wife of Robert III of Scotland.


  • Family 1
  • Life 2
  • Issue 3
  • Death 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


She was the daughter of Sir John Drummond, of Stobhall, near Perth, 11th Thane of Lennox and Chief of Clan Drummond, and Mary Montifex. Her father's sister was Margaret Drummond, the second wife of David II of Scotland.

Anabella and her husband the King, depicted on the 1562 Forman Armorial



She married John Stewart (the future Robert III of Scotland) in 1367. Soon, she was enveloped in a power struggle with her husband's brother, Robert. Since Anabella and John did have two daughters, but no sons for several years, he was a supporter of a law that would bar women from inheriting the throne.

Anabella was crowned with her husband at Scone Palace when he came to the throne in 1390. She continued bearing children until she was past forty and had her last child, the future James I of Scotland, in 1394.[1]

Robert, an invalid since 1384 due to an accident with a horse, grew increasingly despondent and incompetent throughout the 1390s. During this time he is said to have said to his wife that he should be buried in a dung heap with the epitaph "Here lies the worst of kings and the most miserable of men".[2] Anabella was prompted to take matters into her own hands. Protecting the interests of her oldest son, David, she arranged a great tournament in 1398 in Edinburgh, where her oldest son was knighted.[3] In April of that year she also called a council where he was created Duke of Rothesay and Lieutenant of the Realm in the same year.[2] Shortly after his mother's death he would be imprisoned by his uncle and died in mysterious circumstances.

The Fife burgh of Inverkeithing was a favorite residence of the queen. Her presence is still recalled in the sandstone font, decorated with angels and heraldry, which she presented to the parish church of the town, one of Scotland's finest surviving pieces of late medieval sculpture.


Anabella had several children with Robert III:


Anabella died in Scone Palace in October 1401, and was buried at her birthplace of Dunfermline. With the loss of her protection, her eldest son David would become the prey of his uncle, Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, dying shortly after.[2]


  1. ^ Marshall, Rosalind K. (2003). Scottish Queens, 1034-1714. Tuckwell Press. p. 46. 
  2. ^ a b c Ashley, Mike (1999). The mammoth book of British kings and queens. London: Robinson Publishers. p. 554.  
  3. ^ Marshall, Rosalind K. (2003). p. 47.

External links

Scottish royalty
Preceded by
Euphemia de Ross
Queen consort of Scotland
Succeeded by
Joan Beaufort
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.