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Anarchist St. Imier International

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Title: Anarchist St. Imier International  
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Anarchist St. Imier International

The Anarchist International of St. Imier was an international workers' First International between the anarchists and the Marxists. This followed the 'expulsions' of Mikhail Bakunin and James Guillaume from the First International at the Hague Congress (1872).[1] It attracted some affiliates of the First International, repudiated the Hague resolutions, and adopted a Bakuninist programme, and lasted until 1877.

History

The St. Imier International was created when the Karl Marx's control of the General Council and favoured the autonomy of national sections from centralized control.[1]

At the St. Imier Congress, held on 15–16 September 1872, the delegates proclaimed "[t]hat the aspirations of the proletariat can have no other aim than the creation of an absolutely free economic organisation and federation based upon work and equality and wholly independent of any political government, and that such an organisation or federation can only come into being through the spontaneous action of the proletariat itself, through its trade societies, and through self-governing communes."[1]

The St. Imier International lasted until 1877, while the First International dissolved in 1876. In July 1881, anarchists would initiate the International Anarchist Congress, though this would have an even briefer life than the Black International.

Contemporary anarchist internationals include the anarcho-syndicalist platformist and especifismo traditions.

On August 8–12, 2012, an International Anarchism Gathering took place in St. Imier, partly as a commemoration of the 1872 St. Imier congress.

Other anarchist internationals and international networks

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Steklov, G.M., History of the First International, part 2, chapter 2.

External links

  • Steklov's history of the First International
  • Le Congrès de l'Internationale Anti-autoritaire Saint Imier, 15–16 September 1872
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