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Anglican Church of Tanzania

The Anglican Church of Tanzania (ACT) is a province of the Anglican Communion based in Dodoma. It consists of 27 dioceses (26 on the Tanzanian mainland, and 1 on Zanzibar) headed by their respective bishops. It seceded from the Province of East Africa in 1970, which it shared with Kenya. The current Primate and Archbishop is Jacob Chimeledya, who succeeded, after what has been described by some as a controversial election, Valentino Mokiwa, in May 2013.[1]

Contents

  • Official name 1
  • History 2
    • Today 2.1
  • Membership 3
  • Archbishops 4
  • Structure 5
  • Worship and liturgy 6
  • Doctrine and practice 7
  • Ecumenical relations 8
  • Anglican realignment 9
  • Bishops of Zanzibar 10
  • References 11
  • Further reading 12
  • External links 13

Official name

The Church became part of the Province of East Africa in 1960. From 1970 until 1997, it was known as the Church of the Province of Tanzania. Today it is known as the Anglican Church of Tanzania, or ACT.

History

The church was founded originally as the Diocese of Eastern Equatorial Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania) in 1884, with James Hannington as the first bishop; however, Anglican missionary activity had been present in the area since the Universities' Mission to Central Africa and the Church Missionary Society began their work in 1864 and 1878 at Mpwapwa. In 1898, the diocese was split into two, with the new diocese of Mombasa governing Kenya and northern and Central Tanzania (the other diocese later became the Church of Uganda); northern and central Tanzania was separated from the diocese in 1927 when the Diocese of Central Tanganyika covering two thirds of Tanzania was created with its See at Dodoma. In 1955, the diocese's first African bishops, Kenyans Festo Olang' and Obadiah Kariuki, and Tanzanian (Tanganyikan) Yohana Omari Majani were consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, in Uganda as Assistant Bishops. (Olang as well as Sepeku would be elected the first African archbishops in 1970).In 1960, the province of East Africa, comprising Kenya and Tanzania, was formed with Leonard Beecher as first archbishop. The province of East Africa was divided in two, Kenya and Tanzania, in 1970 and the province of Tanzania was formed with John Sepeku as the first archbishop. In the early 20th century there was also a Diocese of Zanzibar.

Today

Among the Church's prominent institutions, most of which are semi-independent of the Provincial Office, are the newly founded

  • ACT Official Website
  • Diocese of Kagera
  • Diocese of Morogoro
  • Diocese of Mpwapwa
  • Diocese of Tarime
  • Diocese of Western Tanganyika

External links

  • Anglicanism, Neill, Stephen. Harmondsworth, 1965.

Further reading

  1. ^ Tanzania bishops welcome Archbishop-elect Jacob Chimeledya, Anglican Communion News Services, March 3, 2013
  2. ^
  3. ^ Anglican Listening Detail on how scripture, tradition, and reason work to "uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way".
  4. ^ http://www.oikoumene.org/?id=3587 World Council of Churches

References

View of the cathedral of Christ Church, Zanzibar.

Bishops of Zanzibar

In December 2006 the ACT declared itself to be in "impaired communion" with The Episcopal Church (US) over the ordination of practicing homosexuals and the blessing of same-sex unions. The ACT is a member of the Global South (Anglican) and the Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans, and has been a part of the Anglican realignment movement. Archbishop Valentino Mokiwa attended GAFCON in Jerusalem, in June 2008, and supported the inception of the Anglican Church in North America, in June 2009. Archbishop Jacob Chimeledya an evangelical and orthodox Anglican is perceived by some to have moved the ACT more into the "reconciliation" ground, as is being promoted by Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby. The ACT was represented at GAFCON II in Nairobi, in 21-16 October 2013, by former Archbishop Donald Mtetemela and other bishops.

Anglican realignment

Like many other Anglican churches, the Anglican Church of Tanzania is a member of the ecumenical World Council of Churches.[4]

Ecumenical relations

The threefold sources of authority in Anglicanism are scripture, tradition, and reason. These three sources uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way. This balance of scripture, tradition and reason is traced to the work of Richard Hooker, a sixteenth-century apologist. In Hooker's model, scripture is the primary means of arriving at doctrine and things stated plainly in scripture are accepted as true. Issues that are ambiguous are determined by tradition, which is checked by reason.[3]

The center of the Anglican Church of Tanzania teaching is the life and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The basic teachings of the church, or catechism, includes:

Doctrine and practice

The Anglican Church of Tanzania embraces three orders of ministry: deacon, priest, and bishop. A local variant of the Book of Common Prayer is used.

Worship and liturgy

  • Central Tanganyika
  • Dar es Salaam
  • Kagera
  • Kibondo
  • Kondoa
  • Lweru
  • Mara
  • Masasi
  • Morogoro
  • Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Mpwapwa
  • Newala
  • Rift Valley
  • Ruaha
  • Rorya
  • Ruvuma
  • Shinyanga
  • South-West Tanganyika
  • Southern Highlands
  • Tabora
  • Tanga
  • Tarime
  • Victoria Nyanza
  • Western Tanganyika
  • Zanzibar
  • Kiteto
  • Lake Rukwa

The polity of the Anglican Church of Tanzania is dioceses. There are currently 27 dioceses, each headed by a diocesan bishop:

Structure

  1. John Sepeku, 1970–1978
  2. Mussa Kahurananga, 1979–1983
  3. John Ramadhan, 1984–1998
  4. Donald Mtetemela, 1998–2008
  5. Valentino Mokiwa, 2008–2013
  6. Jacob Chimeledya, 2013–

The Primate of the Church is the Archbishop of All Tanzania. The See is fixed at Dodoma. There have been six archbishops since the Province of East Africa was divided into the Provinces of Kenya and Tanzania in 1970.[2]

Archbishops

James Hannington was the first bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa.
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