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Title: Archaefructus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of extinct plants, Flower, Paleobiota of the Yixian Formation, Angiosperms, Nymphaeales
Collection: Angiosperms, Cretaceous Plants
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Temporal range: Early Cretaceous
Archaefructus liaoningensis - a photograph of a facsimile of the fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
Class: incertae sedis
Family: Archaefructaceae
Sun, Ji, Dilcher, Zheng, Nixon & Wang
Genus: Archaefructus
Sun, Dilcher, Zheng & Zhou

Archaefructus eoflora
Archaefructus liaoningensis
Archaefructus sinensis

Archaefructus is an extinct genus of herbaceous aquatic seed plants with 3 known species. Fossil material assigned to this genus originates from the Yixian Formation in northeastern China, originally dated as late Jurassic but now thought to be approximately 125 million years old, or early Cretaceous in age. Even with its revised age, Archaefructus has been proposed to be one of the earliest known genera of flowering plants.

Because of its age, and because it lacks Nymphaeales or the basal eudicots.

Popular Culture

In the 2010 movie Predators, Topher Grace's character (Edwin) refers to a strange looking plant as "Archaefructus liaoningensis". The depicted plant looks nothing like the fossils remains of Archaefructus. It was also said to be poisonous, although there is no actual evidence of it.


  1. ^ Sun, G., Q. Ji, D.L. Dilcher, S. Zheng, K.C. Nixon & X. Wang 2002. Archaefructaceae, a New Basal Angiosperm Family. Science 296(5569): 899–904.
  2. ^ Friis, E.M., J.A. Doyle, P.K. Endress & Q. Leng 2003. Archaefructus – Angiosperm precursor or specialized early angiosperm? Trends in Plant Sciences 8: 369–373.
  3. ^ Ji, Q., H. Li, L.M. Bowe, Y. Liu & D.W. Taylor 2004. sp. nov. with Bisexual Flowers from Beipiao, Western Liaoning, China.Archaefructus eofloraEarly Cretaceous  PDF (3.11 MiB) Acta Geologica Sinica 78(4): 883–896.

External links

  • ArchaefructusVirtual Fossil Collection:
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