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Archbishop of Manila

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Archbishop of Manila

Archdiocese of Manila
Archidioecesis Manilensis
Arkidiyosesis ng Maynila
Location
Country Philippines
Territory Manila, Makati, Mandaluyong, Pasay, and San Juan
Statistics
Population
- Catholics

approx. 2,800,000
Members 347 over all
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established February 6, 1579 (Diocese), August 14, 1595 (Archdiocese)
Cathedral Metropolitan Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception
Pro-Cathedral Church of San Fernando de Dilao (Pro-Cathedral; 2012-present)
San Miguel Church (Pro-Cathedral; 1945-1958)
Patron saint Immaculate Conception
Current leadership
Pope Template:Incumbent pope
Metropolitan Archbishop Luis Antonio Tagle
Archbishop of Manila
Auxiliary Bishops Bernardino C. Cortez
Broderick S. Pabillo[1]
Vicar General Rolando R. de la Cruz[1]
Map

Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Website
www.rcam.org

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila or Archdiocese of Manila (RCAM) is a particular church or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. It is also considered as the primatial see of the country, currently held by the Archbishop of Manila as de facto primate over all other dioceses. The Archbishop is customarily elevated to the status of Cardinal some time after his enthronement.

Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, formerly bishop of the Diocese of Imus, was appointed Archbishop by Pope Benedict XVI on October 13, 2011.[2] Its titular church is the Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, with the Virgin Mary, under the title of Immaculate Conception as the principal patroness of the Republic of the Philippines and Filipino people.

Archdiocesan vision statement

A people called by the Father in Jesus Christ to become a community of persons with fullness of life witnessing to the Kingdom of God by living the Paschal Mystery in the power of the Holy Spirit with Mary as companion.

History

The original Diocese of Manila was canonically erected on February 6, 1579 through the Papal bull Illius fulti præsidio by Pope Gregory XIII, encompassing all of the Spanish colonies in Asia and originally was a suffragan of Mexico. Fray Domingo de Salazar, a Dominican from the Convent of San Sebastian in Salamanca, Spain, was selected by King Philip II of Spain as the Bishop of the new diocese and was presented to the pope.[3]

Over the course of history and growth of Catholicism in the Philippines, the Diocese of Manila was elevated and new dioceses had been carved from its territory. On August 14, 1595, Pope Clement VIII raised the diocese to the status of an Archdiocese with Bishop Ignacio Santibáñez elevated as its first archbishop. Three new dioceses were created as suffragan to Manila: Nueva Caceres, Nueva Segovia, and Cebu. With the creation of these new dioceses, the territory of the Archdiocese was reduced to the city of Manila and the adjoining civil provinces in proximity including Mindoro Island. It was bounded to the north by the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, to the south by the Diocese of Cebu, and to the southeast by the Diocese of Nueva Caveres.[4]


The province of Mindoro was established as an independent diocese on April 10, 1910 by virtue of a Decretum Consistoriale executed by Pope Pius X, implementing the BullQuae Mari Sinico” of Pope Leo XIII. Also on that date saw the creation of the Diocese of Lipa (now known as the Archdiocese of Lipa) which had jurisdiction over the provinces of Batangas, Quezon Province, Marinduque and some parts of Masbate.

Eighteen years later, on May 19, 1928, Pope Pius XI established the Diocese of Lingayen, carved from Manila and Nueva Segovia. In this creation 26 parishes were separated from Manila. He also named Our Lady of Guadalupe as a patroness of the Filipino people in 1938.

In September 1942, Pope Pius XII declared Our Lady of Immaculate Conception as the Principal Patroness of the Philippines on the Papal Bull, Impositi Nobis, along with Saints Pudentiana and Rose of Lima as secondary patrons.[5]

On December 11, 1948, the Apostolic Constitution, “Probe noscitur” further divided the Archdiocese of Manila by separating the northern part of the Archdiocese and establishing it as the Diocese of San Fernando. On November 25, 1961, the Archdiocese of Manila was again partitioned. The civil provinces of Bulacan in the north and Cavite in the south were separated from the Archdiocese, the northern part becoming the Diocese of Malolos and towards the south the Diocese of Imus.

Pope John Paul II declared the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception a Minor Basilica in 1982 through a Motu Proprio.

Fifteen towns and two barangay from eastern Rizal were excised on January 24, 1983 to form the Diocese of Antipolo.

In 2002, two more dioceses were carved out of the Archdiocese: the Diocese of Novaliches in the north and the Diocese of Parañaque in the south, which also comprised the cities of Las Piñas and Muntinlupa.

In 2003, by the recommendation of Cardinal Jaime Sin and by papal decree, the Archdiocese was further partitioned to form three new dioceses: the Dioceses of Cubao, Caloocan and Pasig.

Archbishop of Manila

The see of the Archbishop of Manila is the Manila Cathedral, under the patronage of the Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. The Archbishop of Manila is also the metropolitan bishop of several suffragan archdioceses and dioceses as well as the Primate of the Philippines.

After having been served by a single residential bishop, nineteen Archbishops were appointed from Spain. In 1903, the Archdiocese of Manila received its first American archbishop as appointed by the Holy See. Following the tenure of Archbishop Jeremiah James Harty from St. Louis, Missouri, the Irishman Michael J. O'Doherty was appointed, and received on September 6, 1916,.

Archbishop O'Doherty would lead the Philippine Church in its most difficult times, when Filipinos were petitioning for sovereignty from the United States, followed by the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines during World War II.

When Archbishop O'Doherty died after Philippine independence, the Vatican chose the first Filipino to become Archbishop. Fr. Gabriel Reyes was already serving as Coadjutor Archbishop of Manila before being raised to the position. His successor, Archbishop (later Cardinal) Rufino Jiao Santos, became the first Filipino to become a cardinal in-consistory.

Jaime Sin became the most recognised Archbishop worldwide when he challenged the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos. Having become only the third Filipino cardinal, Cardinal Sin was credited as one of the architects of the 1986 People Power movement that deposed Marcos and dismantled his government.

In 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Gaudencio Rosales as the new Archbishop, succeeding Cardinal Sin; he was later elevated by Pope Benedict XVI to the cardinalate on March 24, 2006.

On October 13, 2011, the Apostolic Nunciature in Manila announced the appointment of Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, then the Bishop of Imus as the new Archbishop, assisted by two auxiliary bishops, replacing Cardinal Rosales, who had resigned at the compulsory age of retirement. Rosales retired from public ministry but bore the honorary title of Archbishop-Emeritus.

Ordinaries

No. Picture Name From Until
1 Domingo de Salazar, O. P. February 6, 1579 December 4, 1594
2 Ignacio Santibáñez, O.F.M. August 30, 1595 August 14, 1598
3 Miguel de Benavides, O. P. October 7, 1602 July 26, 1605
4 Diego Vázquez de Mercado March 28, 1608 June 12, 1616
5 80px Miguel García Serrano, O.S.A. February 12, 1618 June 14, 1629
6 80px Hernando Guerrero, O.S.A. January 9, 1634 July 1, 1641
7 Fernando Montero de Espinosa May 20, 1644 1645
8 Miguel de Poblete September 9, 1650 December 8, 1667
9 Juan López, O. P. 1672 February 12, 1674
10 Felipe Pardo, O. P. October 28, 1681 December 31, 1689
11 Diego Camacho y Ávila August 19, 1696 January 14, 1704
12 Francisco de la Cuesta, O.S.H. August 12, 1707 1722
13 Carlos Bermudez Gonzalez 1722 November 13, 1729
14 Juan Ángel Rodríguez, O.S.T. May 18, 1731 June 24, 1742
15 Pedro de la Santísima Trinidad, O.F.M. February 3, 1744 May 28, 1755
16 Manuel Antonio Rojo del Río y Vieyra 1758 1764
17 Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa, S.P. April 14, 1766 December 15, 1787
18 Juan Antonio Orbigo de Gallego, O.F.M. December 15, 1788 May 17, 1797
19 Juan Antonio Zulaibar, O. P. March 26, 1804 March 4, 1824
20 Hilarión Díez, O.S.A. July 3, 1826 May 7, 1829
21 José Seguí, O.S.A. July 5, 1830 July 4, 1845
22 José Aranguren, O.A.R. January 19, 1846 April 18, 1861
23 Gregorio Melitón Martínez Santa Cruz December 23, 1861 1875
24 Pedro Payo y Piñeiro, O.P. January 28, 1876 January 1, 1889
25 Bernardino Nozaleda y Villa, O. P. May 27, 1889 February 4, 1902
26 80px Jeremiah James Harty June 6, 1903 May 16, 1916
27 Michael J. O'Doherty September 6, 1916 October 13, 1949
28 80px Gabriel M. Reyes October 13, 1949 October 15, 1952
29 80px Cardinal Rufino J. Santos February 10, 1953 September 3, 1973
30 Cardinal Jaime L. Sin September 3, 1973 November 18, 2003
31 80px Cardinal Gaudencio B. Rosalés November 21, 2003 December 12, 2011
32 80px Cardinal Luis Antonio G. Tagle December 12, 2011 present[6]

College of Consultors

Below are member priests of the College of Consultors of the Archdiocese of Manila since January 18, 2012. Auxiliary bishops also serve as vicar generals.

  • Auxiliary Bishop – Most Rev. Bernardino C. Cortez, STL
  • Auxiliary Bishop – Most Rev. Broderick S. Pabillo, SSL
  • Vicar General and Moderator Curiae – Rev. Msgr. Rolando R. Dela Cruz, PC
  • Episcopal Vicar for Chancery Matters / Chancellor – Rev. Fr. Rufino C. Sescon, Jr.
  • Episcopal Vicar for Foreign Communities Concern - Rev. Msgr. Esteban U. Lo, LRMS, PC
  • Episcopal Vicar for the Diocesan Clergy - Rev. Fr. Generoso M. Geronimo
  • Judicial Vicar - Rev. Msgr. Geronimo F. Reyes, PC, JCD
  • Oeconomus - Rev. Fr. Ramon U. Merino
  • Private Secretary to the Archbishop of Manila - Rev. Fr. Reginald R. Malicdem

National demographics

As of 2004, the Archdiocese of Manila has registered a total of 2,719,781 baptized Catholics. The faithful are served by the archdiocese's 475 diocesan and religious priests – with a ratio of 5,725 Catholics per priests, under 85 parishes. The archdiocese also houses 369 male religious and 1,730 female religious engaged in various social, pastoral and missionary works in various areas of the archdiocese.

Formation of priests

The archdiocese operates San Carlos Seminary, which is responsible for the formation of future priests for the archdiocese and for its suffragan dioceses. Located in Makati City, it has collegiate- and theologate-level formation houses as well as formation houses for Chinese Filipino future priests (which is the Lorenzo Ruiz Mission Society) and a center for adult vocations (Holy Apostles Senior Seminary). The seminary offers civil and ecclesiastical degrees in philosophy, theology and pastoral ministry.

The archdiocese also operates Our Lady of Guadalupe Minor Seminary, a seminary for young men in the secondary school level. It is located a few blocks away from San Carlos Seminary.

Other major seminaries that serve the spiritual and pastoral needs of the archdiocese include the San Jose Seminary (under the administration of the Jesuits, located within the Ateneo de Manila University complex) and the UST Central Seminary, the Royal and Pontifical Interdiocesan Seminary of the Philippines, (under the administration of the Dominicans, located within the University of Santo Tomas campus).

Apostolic Nunciature

The official residence of the Papal Nuncio to the Philippines is located within the archdiocese, although the nuncio is not subject to the authority of the archbishop. The present papal nuncio is Archbishop Giuseppe Pinto, who is also the concurrent dean of the diplomatic corps in the Philippines by virtue of local diplomatic protocol.

Vicariates

VICARIATE OF OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE Makati City

  • Mary, Mirror of Justice Parish
  • Mater Dolorosa Parish
  • National Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe
  • Nuestra Señora de Gracia Parish
  • Saint John Mary Vianney Parish
  • Saint John of the Cross Parish
  • Santa Teresita Parish
  • Santuario de San Antonio Parish

VICARIATE OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST Mandaluyong City and San Juan City

  • Chapel of the Eucharistic Lord (SM Megamall)
  • Mary the Queen, (San Juan - territorial/personal)
  • Mary, Queen of Peace Quasi-Parish (EDSA Shrine)
  • Saint Francis of Assisi Parish
  • Saint John the Baptist Parish
  • Santuario de San Jose Parish
  • Santuario de Santo Cristo Parish

VICARIATE OF ST. JOSEPH THE WORKER Makati City

  • San Ildefonso Parish
  • Holy Family Parish
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish
  • Saint Alphonsus Mary de Liguori Parish
  • Saint Joseph the Worker Parish

VICARIATE OF STS. PETER AND PAUL Makati City

  • Holy Cross Shrine, (Dambana ng Banál na Krus)
  • Our Lady of La Paz Parish
  • National Shrine of the Sacred Heart
  • Saint Andrew the Apostle Parish
  • Saint John Bosco Parish
  • Saints Peter and Paul Parish
  • Santo Niño de Paz Chapel

VICARIATE OF SAN FELIPE NERI Mandaluyong City

  • Archdiocesan Shrine of the Divine Mercy
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish
  • Our Lady of the Abandoned Parish
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish
  • Saint Dominic Savio Parish
  • San Felipe Neri Parish
  • San Roque Parish

VICARIATE OF STA. CLARA DE MONTEFALCO Pasay City

  • Archdiocesan Shrine of Jesus the Way, the Truth, and the Life (SM Mall of Asia Complex)
  • Mary, Comforter of the Afflicted Parish
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Parish
  • Our Lady of the Airways Parish
  • Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament Parish
  • San Isidro Parish
  • San Juan Nepomuceno Parish
  • San Rafael Parish
  • San Roque Parish
  • Santa Clara de Montefalco Parish

VICARIATE OF THE HOLY FAMILY

VICARIATE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

VICARIATE OF NUESTRA SEÑORA DE GUIA

VICARIATE OF OUR LADY OF LORETO

VICARIATE OF SAN FERNANDO DE DILAO

VICARIATE OF SAN JOSÉ DE TROZO

VICARIATE OF STO. NIÑO

Suffragan dioceses

See also

Resources

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila
  • -logo.svg 
  • Gregory XIII, Pope, 1502–1585. "Bull for erection of the Diocese and Cathedral Church of Manila." In The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898. Cleveland, Ohio: A.H. Clark Company, 1903-9. Vol. 4, 1576–82. Pp. 119–124.

References

Template:Roman Catholic dioceses in the Philippines

Coordinates: 14°35′29″N 120°58′25″E / 14.59139°N 120.97361°E / 14.59139; 120.97361

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