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Argentan

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Title: Argentan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Fernand Léger, William FitzEmpress, Pierre II, Count of Alençon, Arrondissement of Argentan, Jean de Carrouges
Collection: Communes of Orne, Subprefectures in France
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Argentan

Argentan
The Chateau of the dukes in the center of Argentan.
The Chateau of the dukes in the center of Argentan.
Coat of arms of Argentan
Coat of arms
Argentan is located in France
Argentan
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Orne
Arrondissement Argentan
Canton 2 cantons
Intercommunality Pays d'Argentan
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre Pavis
Area1 18.18 km2 (7.02 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 14,219
 • Density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 61006 / 61200
Elevation 152–228 m (499–748 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.

Argentan is located 180 km (110 mi) NE of Rennes, 131 km (81 mi) ENE of the Mont Saint-Michel, 188 km (117 mi) SE of Cherbourg, 58 km (36 mi) SSE of Caen, 133 km (83 mi) SW of Rouen and 100 km (62 mi) N of Le Mans.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Population 2
  • Main sights 3
  • Personalities 4
  • International relations 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Heavy fighting in August 1944, following the Allied invasion of Normandy, left the town in ruins.
SNCF train station

Argentan is situated near the Orne River. Although the region was heavily populated during the Gallo Roman period the town is not mentioned until 1025–1026. The toponyme comes from the Gaulois words, argentos (silver) and magos (market).[1] The town grew in importance during the Middle Ages.

Following the Viking invasion on the coast of northern France, the north-western part of Neustria became Normandy (literally: Northman country). The Viking chief, Rollo, left the town to one of his lieutenants. Throughout the Middle Ages, Argentan was either a rich place or totally burnt. English forces occupied the city several times. The Plantagenet had considered this town as one of the most important of Normandy.

During the reign of Louis XIV, Colbert set Alençon against Argentan in an economic competition on lace making. Thus, the point d'Argentan ("Argentan stitch") and the point d'Alençon ("Alençon stitch") were created. Argentan became a very important town for traditional industry. It also gained in religious importance with the building of a Benedictine Abbey and two churches, Saint-Martin and Saint-Germain. Several mansions (hôtels particuliers) were also built.

During World War I, the French 104th Infantry Regiment/14th Infantry Brigade was stationed at Argentan. It participated in the battle of Verdun in 1916.

During 9th Panzer Division and the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich. The U.S. 80th Infantry Division liberated the city in the morning of 20 August. The city was burning.

Population

Main sights

Chapel Saint Nicholas - built end of the 11th century
Hôtel du Moulin de Tercey, 2 rue Saint-Martin
Donjon of argentan, built by Henry II of England
St Germain church and weekly market. Market days are Tuesday,Friday, and a small one on Sunday morning. Church built 16th-18th century.
Tour Marguerite is the only surviving medieval tower remaining from the Middle Ages in Argentan.
St.Martin church built in the 15th and 16th centuries
Vestige of Henry II of England's donjon or castle keep built in the 12th century.
Hotel Joseph de Laleu 56 rue Saint Martin built in 1651
This hotel particulier was the Nicolas Ango house, built by an up-and-coming bourgeois.
Abbaye in Argentan now a restaurant
Faces on the old former abbey in the Romanesque style.
Chateau of the Dukes of Alençon, but functioning as the Court House (Palais de la Justice)
Birthplace of André Mare (1885-1935) Painter and decorator. Cofounder, with Louis SÛE, of the Compagnie the Arts Française. Corner of rue de la Vieille Prison and rue Pierre Ozenne.
One of a number of Hotel Particulaires, or private homes, from the 17th century. Rue St.Martin
Hotel particulaire rue St.Martin and rue Pierre Ozenne
  • Donjon of Argentan
  • Tour Marguerite, a medieval tower
  • Ducal Castle (14th century), now a Court House. It houses the St. Nicholas Chapels (late 11th century), built by Pierre II of Alençon
  • Saint Martin church (15th–16th centuries)
  • Saint Germain church (16th–18th centuries)
  • Saint Roch Chapel
  • Museum of the Argentan lace

Personalities

Argentan was the birthplace of:

International relations

Argentan is twinned with:

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file
  1. ^ MOULIN, CHAVE, FAJAL et FOUCHER, Marie-Anne, Isabelle, Bruno, Jean-Pascal; et al. (2008). Argentn et ses environs au Moyen Âge: Approche historique et archéologique. Public Library: Conseil général de l'Orne. p. 38.  
  2. ^ Destruction of Argentan SNCF train station in August 1944: http://argentan.vapeur.free.fr/gare_guerre.html (French site)
  3. ^ Freeman, Roger A., The Mighty Eighth, Motorbooks International, 1981, 1990, pp. 259 & 260.
  4. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 

External links

  • Official site
  • {http://www.france-horizons.com/Normandie/61-Orne/Argentan/fr/tourisme-argentan.html Tourism site]
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