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Arginine alphaketoglutarate

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Title: Arginine alphaketoglutarate  
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Language: English
Subject: Dietary supplement, Vitamin, Herbalism, Huperzia serrata, Copper gluconate
Collection: Bodybuilding Supplements
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Arginine alphaketoglutarate

Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a salt of the amino acid arginine and alpha-ketoglutaric acid. It is marketed as a body building supplement. The components are intermediates in the metabolism of nitric oxides, but no reputable scientific evidence shows any benefits from taking AAKG as a dietary supplement.

"At present, there is no research published in peer-reviewed journals to support the assertion that an increase in nitric oxide levels promotes greater muscle protein synthesis or improves muscle strength. There is also no evidence that the arginine alpha-ketoglutarate in “nitric oxide” supplements have any effect on nitric oxide levels in muscles."[1]

A recent study examined the effects of AAKG supplementation on heart rate, blood pressure, blood flow, NOx/NO2 levels, and l-arginine levels. Minimal observed changes were attributed to resistance exercise used in the experimental design, not to AAKG supplementation, although arginine levels were found to have been elevated.[2]

Another recent study found "acute" AAKG supplementation made no difference in endurance or blood pressure during the course of exercise. In fact, participants that took AAKG prior to exercise had compromised endurance and strength. "Because AAKG supplementation may hinder muscular endurance, the use of these supplements before resistance training should be questioned." [3]


  1. ^ High Intensity Training by Drew Baye - NO Supplements? No Way!
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Bill Campbell, M.S. et al. 2006. Pharmacokinetics, safety, and effects on exercise performance of l-arginine α-ketoglutarate in trained adult men. Nutrition, 22(9), 872-881.

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