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Arthur County, Nebraska

 

Arthur County, Nebraska

Arthur County, Nebraska
Arthur County Courthouse in Arthur
Map of Nebraska highlighting Arthur County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1913
Named for Chester A. Arthur
Seat Arthur
Largest village Arthur
Area
 • Total 718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Water 3.0 sq mi (8 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 460
 • Density 0.6/sq mi (0/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Arthur County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 460,[1] making it the least populous county in Nebraska and the fifth-least populous county in the United States (behind only Loving County, Texas, Kalawao County, Hawaii, King County, Texas, and Kenedy County, Texas). Its county seat and only incorporated community is Arthur.[2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Arthur County is represented by the prefix 91 (it had the ninety-first-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Arthur County contains the historic First Arthur County Courthouse and Jail, believed to be the smallest courthouse in the United States.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
  • Demographics 3
    • Religion 3.1
  • Politics 4
  • Communities 5
    • Village 5.1
    • Unincorporated communities 5.2
  • See also 6
  • References 7

History

Arthur County was formed in 1913. It was named after President Chester A. Arthur. Arthur County was formed from what had been McPherson County after there had been an effort to move the McPherson County seat from Tryon to the more centrally located Flats. Rather than lose the county seat the residents of Tryon agreed to have the county divided approximately in half when it was discovered that such a division had been part of earlier governmental planning. The county seat for Arthur County became the newly formed Arthur, which was formed and incorporated for that purpose. The village of Arthur is located in a valley location near the geographic center of the county.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 444 people, 185 households, and 138 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.618 people per square mile (0.239/km²). There were 273 housing units at an average density of 0.380 per square mile (0.147/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.40% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.4% were of German, 13.1% English, 6.2% Irish and 5.7% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 185 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,375, and the median income for a family was $31,979. Males had a median income of $21,544 versus $13,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,810. About 7.90% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

More than 50% of the county residents are Baptists [6], making it the most northern majority Baptist county in the United States [7].

Politics

In the 2004 presidential election, Arthur County was one of the most Republican-leaning counties in the country; 90.2% of its electorate voted for Democratic challenger John F. Kerry) [8]. In the 2008 presidential election, 82.5% of its electorate voted for Republican John S. McCain (compared to 14.8% for Democrat Barack H. Obama) [9].

Communities

Village

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Jones, Melissa (2005). Superlatives USA: The Largest, Smallest, Longest, Shortest, and Wackiest Sites in America. Capital Books. p. 82.  
  4. ^ [10] Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  

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