World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Asmara International Airport

Asmara International Airport
An Eritrean Airlines Boeing 767 at the Asmara International Airport.
ASM is located in Eritrea
Location of airport in Eritrea
Airport type Military/Public
Serves Asmara
Location Asmara, Eritrea
Hub for Nasair Eritrea
Elevation AMSL 7,661 ft / 2,335 m
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
12/30 5,951 1,814 Asphalt

Asmara International Airport, formerly known as Yohannes IV International Airport (ICAO: HHAS), is an airport in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.


  • History 1
  • Facilities 2
  • Airlines and destinations 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Asmara airport was created in 1922, the first such facility to be opened in Italian Eritrea. It served as the main military airport in the territory. In the mid-1930s, the airport began offering civilian and commercial flights.

A Sudan government Ilyushin Il-62M at the Asmara International Airport.

On 7 July 1935, an agreement was signed with Imperial Airways to connect Asmara to Khartoum. A regular Kassala-Khartoum-Asmara-Massawa 770 km commercial route was subsequently started with a Caproni 133 of the Italian Ala Littoria.[1]

During World War II, the airport was nearly destroyed by the British. It was later renovated in the 1950s, and reopened to offer flights to Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia. With Eritrea's independence in the 1990s, the airport became an international portal to the new nation. In April 2003, after improvements to the airport's runways, Eritrean Airlines started regular services between Asmara and Frankfurt, Milan, Nairobi and Rome.


Facilities of the Asmara International Airport.

The airport is the most important of Eritrea, even if it has some restrictions because it is located inside the external neighboroughs of Asmara.

In 2004, the airport served 136,526 passengers (+11.8% vs. '03).

Asmara International Airport has capacity restrictions due to its small terminal, short runway and 1.5-mile altitude. Consequently, large jet aircraft (like an A380, MD-11 or 747) cannot fly to the airport. Aircraft of this size would instead need to use the Massawa International Airport, on the Eritrean coast.

Airlines and destinations

A United Arab Emirates Air Force Boeing C-17A Globemaster III at the Asmara International Airport.
Airlines Destinations
EgyptAir Cairo
Eritrean Airlines Jeddah
Nova Airways Kassala, Khartoum
Qatar Airways Doha[2]
Sudan Airways Kassala, Khartoum, Port Sudan
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk [3]
Yemenia Sana'a


  1. ^ Flavio Riccitelli (A.I.D.A.). "ALA LITTORIA S.A. (1934–1941)". Il Postalista. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "QATAR Airways Adds Asmara Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links

  • Airport information for HHAS at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.